GE2905 HUMAN GEOGRAPHY THEME - Epicollect Field Data 2019
Name Entry Created Latitude Longitude Date Time Observation Type Observation URL (If applicable)
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 19:46 41.988937 2.815894 09/04/2019 10:20:00 Photograph This picture in Girona is of graffiti under a bridge showing the Catalan independence flag. The colours are different to the proper independence flag which has a white star on a blue background and there is a lack of yellow stripes on the graffiti. However, the red with black outlines helps make it seem more aggressive and stands out to those passing by. The graffiti is also in a hard to reach location showing the dedication to expressing the message by those that painted it along with being in a location that is hard to clean meaning it will likely stay there for some time.
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 15:51 41.987142 2.813744 09/04/2019 10:30:00 Informal Interview This informal interview was with a relatively young male market stall vendor who was selling versions of designer clothes brands (e.g. Fred Perry, Lacoste) for cheap prices, mostly less than €10. Communication was hard due to his broken English, and initially he was speaking either Catalan or Spanish. He had to use a lot of hand gestures and pointing to communicate, as well as constantly saying 'my friend'. The lack of his ability to speak English suggests his stall is aimed more for locals than tourists.  
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 16:16 41.987642 2.815431 09/04/2019 10:40:00 Ethnographic Observation This ethnographic observation was done on the corner of the food and clothes section of the Girona market. There were lots of locals speaking either Catalan or Spanish, with no English heard outside of our group. There were also a lot of ethnic minorities, showing the integration of migrant communities in Girona. Most of the visitors were middle aged or older, and were shopping by themselves or in small groups of 2-4. The food section was busier and nearly all stalls had customers or people viewing, although there were no queues longer than 2 or 3 people. Whilst, the clothes section was quieter there was still a steady flow of visitors, and a higher proportion of people there were just looking at the items for sale without buying anything. The stall owners in the clothes section also seemed to be younger on average.  
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 19:52 41.985817 2.823603 09/04/2019 11:58:00 Photograph This is a picture of Independence Square in Girona. This refers to the Spanish War of Independence against Napoleonic France. There are banners asking for liberty for the political prisoners of Catalonia as well as yellow ribbons on balconies and trees also representing support for them. This shows how this prominent location in Girona has developed as a more contemporary symbol for the fight for independence in addition to its historical meaning.
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 16:23 41.984428 2.824436 09/04/2019 12:45:00 Ethnographic Observation This took place in the old town of Girona. The area was very clean showing the great care of the town taken by locals and/or the local council. Catalan independence flags were seen hanging from balconies and yellow ribbons tied onto trees, along with a few banners on balconies asking for liberty for the political prisoners. This shows there is a strong vocal support for independence, but does not necessarily represent the prevailing views of the town. There were many people by themselves and dressed more formally or in a uniform, suggesting that they were on work breaks. There were a couple of larger groups of teenagers walking around dressed very casually. There were also a few groups of families and older people walking through the town at a leisurely pace. All three of these groups were likely using the town recreationally on a nice sunny day, presumably for shopping or for lunch. This shows the wide appeal of the old town, albeit the street was not too packed.  
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 20:00 41.987264 2.825171 09/04/2019 16:08:00 Photograph This is a picture of graffiti in Girona representing the fight for Catalan independence and has a verbal message in English instead of just showing a flag or ribbon. The graffiti says 'Catalonia does not surrender,' which is strongly worded and paints Catalonia as the victim and that they will not give up the fight for independence. It is located near the cathedral and a few museums, meaning it will likely be seen by a lot of tourists. This is likely why whoever wrote it decided to do so in English, as it helps express their views to tourists and helps spread the message of the Catalan struggle for independence internationally.
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 21:07 41.386147 2.170106 11/04/2019 10:36:00 Photograph This picture is of a monument and bust of Francesc Macia in Catalunya Square in Barcelona. He is a significant historical Catalan figure who fought for Catalan independence in the 1920s and 30s until his death in 1932 and achieved a more autonomous Catalan government. This monument is in the centre of Barcelona represents his legacy as an important Catalan figurehead who fought for a cause many of the city's residents still support. Thus, this monument and the surrounding square is an important landscape which helps reinforce this identity and desire for independence.
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 21:03 41.38157 2.172741 11/04/2019 11:31:00 Informal Interview This informal interview was with a middle aged man who ran a meat stall in the La Boqueria market. He described how the majority of people who visit the market are tourists, but it is the locals who account for the greates amount of sales for his stall. This is because of how it is rare for tourists to buy the larger and more expensive items on sale. Due to this he says he has had to adapt to the changing climate and now sells more smaller and pre-cooked foods for tourists. He mentioned that he is concerned that many locals are put off by how overcrowded the area has become, however it is still a popular market for local chefs. This interview demonstrates the conflict of interest from the stall owners and local residents with tourists.  
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 20:27 41.381601 2.17286 11/04/2019 11:37:00 Ethnographic Observation The street was incredibly packed with a high variety of people visiting. There were many people alone, couples of all ages, families, a few larger groups of 8 or more people as well as one group of primary school aged children on a school trip. This shows the wide appeal of the street. Many people were wearing their backpacks on their front, showing the reputation the area has for pickpocketing. Most people were dressed in normal clothes, albeit there were a few dressed in more summery clothes who stood out from the rest. There were many tourist shops and stalls selling very similar items, mainly generic souvenir items (e.g. fridge magnets and hats) and football items (e.g. shirts, balls and scarves). In addition, there were many informal vendors made up of migrant workers selling similar items but on a smaller scale. There were a few police officers patrolling the street and were turning a blind eye to the informal vendors. There were also a few street performers such as human statues  
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 21:11 41.380376 2.173799 11/04/2019 11:39:00 Photograph This picture shows a McDonalds and a KFC in the middle of La Rambla. The picture represents the increasing globalisation of the street and city. These international fast food chains compete with the local and more traditional places to eat in La Rambla. This contributes to the potential dilution of the local identity by making it a more generic landscape.
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 20:57 41.3809 2.173395 11/04/2019 11:59:00 Informal Interview This informal interview was with a male worker in his mid-20s at a shop on La Rambla selling football products, mostly Barcelona products but also a few Espanyol and more controversially Real Madrid products. He stated that nearly all the shops customers are tourists, with a mixture of foreign tourists and tourists from the rest of Spain. Because of this being proficient in English helped him get the job in a time of high youth unemployment, and he interacts with customers in Spanish and English more than Catalan. He then politely requested to be able to serve some waiting customers.  
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 20:48 41.376916 2.190624 11/04/2019 13:57:00 Ethnographic Observation Beach. This area was very busy, albeit not as busy as La Rambla but made up with a more tourists and people wearing summer and beach clothes. Many people were relaxing on the beach. Two beach volleyball nets were on the beach, both were being used. There were a few on Segway's going around the area trying to get people to go on tours, as well as a few parked rickshaws. A few young males were skateboarding one of which fell off and injured himself, his friends were quick to help. A few beggars were circulating the area, most notably a middle-aged man asking for cigarettes in a persistent manner. There were also informal vendors, less so than in La Rambla. They took advantage of the larger space available with larger stands selling items more suited to the beach such as sunglasses, hats and rugs. The cafés and bars near the beach, were around medium capacity. This all shows that creating the artificial beach was a success due to the high traffic and increasing the capacity for tourists.  
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 21:14 41.386099 2.183572 11/04/2019 16:56:00 Photograph This picture is of the archaeological site of a market which was flattened in 1714 during the Spanish War of Secession. It symbolises the defeat of Barcelona, where Catalan autonomy was lost as a result. This site has been turned into a museum. The plaque at the bottom of the picture is very strongly worded in painting Catalonia as the victim of the war, attempting to draw parallels with the current situation. This shows how tourism is being used to express political views, which is emphasised by the fact the museum is free to enter.
Adam Reguera 2019-04-15 16:07 41.986184 2.816402 15/04/2019 10:53:00 Informal Interview This informal interview was with a middle-aged meat stall vendor in the Girona market. This stall owner spoke much better English compared to the interview with the clothes vendor in the market. He said the main demographic for his stall was older locals as younger people would rather go to the supermarket to shop for meat but he would sometimes get younger people who were mostly at the market for the clothes stalls. He also said he speaks to the majority of his customers in Catalan but would speak Spanish if they started speaking in Spanish.  
Alex Horn 2019-04-09 09:09 41.98514 2.81709 09/04/2019 11:09:00 Ethnographic Observation The existence of the market itself shows a lack of commercialisation with supermarkets, they still have fruit and veg stalls, meat stands, clothe stands. These people meet multiple times a week to hold this market; giving them a sense of close community, one which is less present in the UK. The landscape has made the cuisine largely meat fish because they have the mountains and sea.

The markets are filled largely with an older and local demographic. There is a lot of women pushing prams with children through the market also. Largely Muslim demographic also. Lots of people stopping and chatting with other shoppers. Great sense of community
Alex Horn 2019-04-14 10:23 51.260807 -0.563824 09/04/2019 11:16:00 Informal Interview When speaking with one of the local stall workers he said that a lot of the produce on his fruit and veg stall comes from the north of Africa, which is also where he is from. He said that he works there both days that the market is open and that he really enjoys it. When I asked if the majority of customers were locals or tourists he said that almost all of the customers are locals however many of the workers don't not live in the area.

I then asked if he has a lot of returning customers each week, his response was that he has a close working relationship with many of his customers because they speak each week when the stall is on.

From this it is clear that this particular market is set up for largely for a local customer base, the market appears to be a place that the community meet and socialise whilst getting their fresh produce.
Alex Horn 2019-04-15 12:02 51.260775 -0.563893 09/04/2019 11:30:00 Informal Interview In this interview I spoke with an elderly lady who was a customer in the market. She was Spanish but spoke good English.

She told me that she had lived in the area her whole life and that she visits the market at least once a week to get fresh produce. She prefers to shop at the local market than a supermarket because she likes socialising with all of the other people from the community who regularly visit the market.

She told me that she is happy to shop in the market because the money she spends goes largely to other catalonians who work on markets for a living. Instead of a supermarket which is not as region specific.

She was not alone, she was with another lady of a similar age. They were having good conversion whilst walking around the market, laughing etc and generally having a bit of time socialising.
Alex Horn 2019-04-09 10:00 41.985717 2.823434 09/04/2019 11:59:00 Photograph This statue is from independence square in Girona. It is there to commemorate those who fought to defend the town of Girona between 1808 and 1814 when the French where trying to expand their empire into Spain. It marks the transition between the new and old parts of the city. It has also been a fundamental area in the recent political movement to free those involved with organising the referendum for Catalonian independence. The square itself is completely covered in the symbol of their movement (the yellow ribbon) showing support for the movement for independence.
Alex Horn 2019-04-16 18:02 41.985717 2.823434 09/04/2019 13:00:00 Ethnographic Observation When walking through the streets of Girona I noticed an interesting area which was similar to a high street, full of restaurants, cafes, ice cream shops and regular shops. This was a very interesting area for me to do an ethnographic survey because I could see a mix of people, both locals and tourists. There were groups of young students hanging around on scooters and sitting on benches playing music and making up dance routines with their friends whilst tourists were walking past or sat having lunch. It was an interesting area seeing how the two groups of people mix and interact. There was a huge variety of languages being spoken, Spanish, Catalan, English, Italian, French and many more that I did not even recognize. This space had a varied demographic as well, you had elderly people right next to young kids and many young adults also.  
Alex Horn 2019-04-16 17:26 41.985717 2.823434 09/04/2019 13:00:00 Informal Interview Whilst in Girona having lunch I interviewed the restaurant manager about the types of customers they have, if the area has changed much in recent years and as a business how they have adapted/ if at all to any tourism.

They said that they have seen a massive rise in tourism in recent years and the city is becoming more popular year on year, it is because of this that they have made their menu almost entirely of traditional Catalonia dishes, tourists are looking for a Spanish experience so they have tailored their menu to cater for this. That being said they still have a large customer base from the local community so it is important to them to try and balance their menu to ensure they are used by both groups. She said that as the city has become more visited by tourists it has become more of a balanced city, it still has its traditional roots and uses but it has adapted to accommodate and make the most of the tourism.

Alex Horn 2019-04-15 12:06 51.260782 -0.563928 09/04/2019 15:00:00 Photograph The cathedral of Girona was slightly different to what we had seen around the town and market. It was surrounded by tourists all taking photos. This is an obvious effect of the landmark being used by the tv show 'Game of Thrones', due to its huge following the cathedral has clearly been turned into more of a tourist site.
Alex Horn 2019-04-11 09:02 41.382926 2.167155 11/04/2019 10:56:00 Photograph Museum in the reval district. The area of poor, working class people in the 18th,19th and 20th century. The olympics has played a massive part in increasing tourism to the city. In preparation for the olympics this area was regenerated, despite it opening in 1995.

Cricket and skateboarding are very commonly played outside this museum. Does the Catalan spirit And nature dilute with the increase in tourism or show the true Catalan.
Alex Horn 2019-04-11 09:17 41.382319 2.172198 11/04/2019 11:13:00 Photograph La rambles was a river which was covered off to crest today's street. The market provides a strong community of local people. La bocqueria is a local produce market in the centre of Barcelona which helps to maintain local identity.

This helps to retain cultural identity as people buy meat and veg etc in the market to cook local Catalan dishes.
Alex Horn 2019-04-16 11:08 51.323148 -0.59662 11/04/2019 12:04:00 Informal Interview During our time in la Boquoria market I went up to a few stall holders/workers to ask a few questions. The first stall I went to was a fruit and veg stall which seemed very common in the market. I began talking to the women asking if she sold more to local customers or tourists, however she told me that she did not speak English. Which in a way is an answer in itself, clearly she did not feel that it was useful or nessecary to learn English so I would assume most of her trade is local.

However the next stand I spoke to was a fresh fish stand, the man working there told me that the vast majority of his customers are catalonians who, many of whom come to him very frequently for their fish. This would suggest that catalonians still like to shop local through markets even if they have to almost fight their way through the tourists, this shows a real sense of identity.
Alex Horn 2019-04-11 10:11 41.382164 2.172305 11/04/2019 12:09:00 Ethnographic Observation The market seems to be populated by a mixture of different demographics. There are young tourists and then typically older locals who are fighting through the crowds to continue buying there local market produce. A mixture of Spanish and English is spoken and the food served in the markets restaurants seems to be largely sea food.  
Alex Horn 2019-04-16 18:11 41.382164 2.172305 11/04/2019 14:00:00 Ethnographic Observation On the beach in La Barcaloneta I was sat for two hours from a restaurant and then a bench overlooking the beach at the many factors that made the beach what it was. On one hand you had what seemed like a large amount of tourists all making the most of the beach and the amazing weather. However the more I watched I began to notice smaller details, for example all of the men selling goods from their sheets all of whom seemed to be close friends and when they did not have any customers they would congregate  to have conversations, only for them to rush off if someone so much as looked at the products they were selling. There were also men walking up and down the beach trying to sell iced alcoholic drinks, all of these sellers would start off at high prices and then even without putting any effort into convincing them they would drop their prices or ask what price you would buy them for.  
Alex Horn 2019-04-16 18:29 51.322937 -0.595929 11/04/2019 14:30:00 Photograph This was taken on the beach in little barcaloneta, it shows the high amount of people on the beach, considering it was a Thursday afternoon when you would expect people to be in work it was extremely busy. When looking at the type of people on the beach it was a mixture of tourists enjoying the weather and informal workers all trying to make money from the tourists, in return for products such a football shorts, sunglasses and drinks or rides on rickshaws.
Alex Hough 2019-04-09 07:43 41.99236 2.812714 09/04/2019 09:42:00 Photograph A Catalan flag which is shown very prominently to show support for the independence and pride of being a Catalan
Alex Hough 2019-04-09 08:40 41.988274 2.815056 09/04/2019 10:36:00 Photograph Roughly translates to 'Spainish Go Home' in the local Catalan Language. This shows that some local people see the Spainish as an occupation force rather than as a nation. The phase go home surgests that the local people wish to be left with their own autonomy and even they own nation state. This is a right wing piece of political graffiti buy local market showing that the idea was for as many people to see it as possible to encourage them to come to their thought and cause.
Alex Hough 2019-04-09 08:49 41.986814 2.815614 09/04/2019 10:45:00 Ethnographic Observation The sellers are mostly migrant men of Middle Aged. Whereas the buyers are seen with trolleys showing people buy most of there produce here rather than a super or hype market. This would be similar with the ages of the buyers, being mostly of 'mothering' age or elderly with very little young people as it is uncommon as they aren't likely to shop here.  
Alex Hough 2019-04-09 09:00 41.985966 2.816449 09/04/2019 10:55:00 Informal Interview Is your produce local?
Some is from Spain ranging Granada to the local such Catalan but some comes from abroad-Iceland.
Mainly locals buy from them rather than tourist as supermarkets are easier this is the same with age. The elderly and families are more likely to buy from the market rather than young people again due to the ease of super markets
Alex Hough 2019-04-09 10:00 41.985776 2.823579 09/04/2019 11:56:00 Photograph The yellow ribbon shows the support of the 'political prisoners' and the request that they're released as in Catalonia they aren't seen as traitors but hero's of independence. As these ribbons are in the Independence square (from the French (1800)) this puts greater significance on independence from a greater power. Mainly France or Spain
Alex Hough 2019-04-11 08:47 41.386081 2.170339 11/04/2019 10:47:00 Photograph The stairs aim to show the progression of Catalonia towards its goals mainly progression of rights and autonomy but mainly the right to independence and to be an independent nation.
Alex Hough 2019-04-11 08:59 41.38296 2.167276 11/04/2019 10:55:00 Photograph Shows the gentrification of a poverty strickened area. In 1992 with the Olympics the area saw a mass of change and poverty area was reduced and a 'new city' was put in. With budget airlines and tv increases the revenue from the Olympics transformed the city. As before many around the world never heard of Barcelona. And example in the U.K. could be Brixton.
Alex Hough 2019-04-11 09:22 41.382072 2.171896 11/04/2019 11:22:00 Photograph The photo shows the difference of produce sold in the market. And therefor the difference in the buyer. The fruits are fresh and are more likely to be brought by local inhabitants rather than tourists. The smoothies/drinks are premade and more likely to be brought by tourist as well as being targeted to by them but locals could buy as well
Alex Hough 2019-04-11 09:28 41.383824 2.173308 11/04/2019 11:26:00 Ethnographic Observation Most of the sellers are locals with some migrants as well. But the produce I'll determine who is likely to be buying the produce. Meats and more fresh are likely to be bought from the locals rather than tourists whereas premade produce or things like ice cream are more appealing for Tourists. The only exception can be fruits with things like watermelon are bought for both  
Alex Hough 2019-04-11 11:26 41.377441 2.190802 11/04/2019 13:26:00 Photograph Shows that while national identity is important there is also a strong local even neighbourhood identity as the picture shows the Catalan (regional/national) flag as well as the 'little Barcelona' flag beside it in blue and yellow.
Alex Hough 2019-04-11 13:23 41.37861 2.192082 11/04/2019 15:20:00 Photograph Shows that while national identity is important there is also a strong local even neighbourhood identity as the picture shows the Catalan (regional/national) flag as well as the 'little Barcelona' flag beside it in blue and yellow.
Alex Hough 2019-04-11 15:03 41.385906 2.18347 11/04/2019 17:00:00 Photograph Very up front 'military terrorism' rather than dictatorship this shows that politicians are using the tourist destinations to further their separatist causes through support and sympathy. This can be seen in the word terrorism which is a more emotional use of wording
Alex Hough 2019-04-11 15:27 41.383613 2.182201 11/04/2019 17:26:00 Photograph Honor the dead of 1714. Built on 1980 to encourage separatist causes
Alice McDonnell 2019-04-09 08:49 41.985566 2.816866 09/04/2019 10:46:00 Ethnographic Observation Two people bumped into eachother M+F, 60s, speaking Spanish. F has a green bag has obviously bought products. M had a grey shopping trolley with him. Friendly and familiar communication. Said goodbye and walked in opposite directions. Fruit stand behind has 6 customers standing at it. 3 also have shopping trolleys with them. 3F 4m. Two F and 1 M walk away. Business like talk with the two F vendors. F is carefully choosing strawberries from the selection. All customers in 60s Ish. Whilst walking around the market locals stare and smile at us (obvious tourists). F aged late 60s stopped Tom Cohen and told him to hold his bavkpack to his side by tapping her handbag and saying 'There'. She also made a gesture indicating to her eyes and around the market, suggesting he needs to be on the look out, possible crime within the market.  
Alice McDonnell 2019-04-09 09:00 41.98636 2.816328 09/04/2019 10:52:00 Informal Interview Vendor Male, aged late 20s/early 30s. Very friendly, spoke very good English. Asked about where we were from and what we were doing in a friendly and open manner. Was smoking whilst we spoke. Salted fish is Cod caught in Iceland and barring sea as the fish needs cold water. Olives he sold came from all across Spain, Aragon and Malaga. (He didn't show any particular pride for them coming from Spain, shared it very factually) Works from 6am-2pm.  
Alice McDonnell 2019-04-09 09:57 41.985833 2.823639 09/04/2019 11:53:00 Photograph Statue of Defenders of Girona, who defended Girona from the French during the Peninsula War. Girona is spelt "Gerona" on the statue which is the Spanish spelling. Behind can be seen Catalonian flags and multiple yellow ribbons. The ribbons stand for the freedom of the professors and politicians who stood for the independence. Lots of political symbolism in the square. Multiple tour groups are around suggesting it is an area with large footfall meaning to promote the messages, but is also historically a political site making it suitable for political messages to be shared here today. Could be mentioned that the buildings themselves are yellow which may be further support for the movement.
Alice McDonnell 2019-04-09 11:23 41.982807 2.823794 09/04/2019 13:21:00 Photograph Graffiti saying 'Catalonia does not Surrender'. This is in an area of high footfall especially from tourists. The fact it is written in English highlights the desire for international awareness on the issue and possibly the support of tourism within the area.
Alice McDonnell 2019-04-09 12:21 41.983845 2.824196 09/04/2019 14:19:00 Ethnographic Observation Couple sitting and eating a takeaway pastry from a local shop in the sunshine. Look as though they're tourist, dressed in typical English clothes - blue jeans, shorts, t-shirts, sunglasses. They stand out from the locals around them. Groups of young people chatting casually in Spanish are walking around (aged roughly 14) with loud music playing from speakers. They're laughing and running/messing around or taking photos of eachother. To the side many groups of locals are eating meals and chatting in Spanish. They have dishes like paella, salads, steak and fries. The mix of tourists and locals could suggest the rejuvenation of the area to support both these groups has been successful. The locals eating paella could imply a pride for Catalonia as it is a traditional dish and contains both seafood and meat which could be linked to Catalonia being the sea and mountains.  
Alice McDonnell 2019-04-09 12:39 41.984875 2.823463 09/04/2019 14:38:00 Informal Interview Very brief chat with a local woman who served ice-cream at the parlor. The shop was busy so she spoke quickly and didn't spend time with friendly remarks. She said that most customers are young people and tourists so speaking English is very useful. She said everyone enjoys the ice-cream and are happy to pay the price (~€4). She then asked me to pay so the conversation ended. She was obviously tired of my questions and showed a reluctance to talk suggesting she is tired of tourists and their confusion etc. The fact so many tourists come to enjoy this Catalonia chef's ice-cream could imply that the Catalonian culture has been marketed for tourist consumption, this a dillution of the culture. The fact going people come and enjoy the ice-cream may also suggest a disengagement with the issue as the chef's have been critised for not taking a stance on catalonian independence and for hosting the king is Spain.  
Alice McDonnell 2019-04-11 09:45 41.381583 2.171477 11/04/2019 11:43:00 Ethnographic Observation Family of four, mother and father roughly 40-50. Two children F and M aged 10-13 ISH. Obvious tourists with shorts, backpacks worn on their front, sunglasses, and a lost look on their face as they stand between the stalls. the father held traditional Spanish meat as the children took pieces to eat. They spoke in English and pointed down one of the walkways before walking off.  
Alice McDonnell 2019-04-11 09:53 41.381535 2.171789 11/04/2019 11:48:00 Photograph Sign in English saying "Oysters from Galicia Spain THE BEST". Written in English indicating the oysters are advertised to tourists, the fact the location of Galicia is explicitly said to be in Spain indicates that tourists may have a lack of awareness outside of Barcelona. It also shows that Catalan food may not be so highly thought of as they are said to be "THE BEST" yet are not from the Catalan region. This suggests a movement from a local cultural meeting place to one that caters to tourists, although it is unlikely tourists would buy fresh fish like this.
Alice McDonnell 2019-04-11 11:26 41.377578 2.190372 11/04/2019 13:25:00 Photograph On the same balcony Catalan and Barcaleneta were displayed along the streets of Barcaleneta, as well as other images supporting Catalans such as the yellow ribbon. This highlights the complexity of identity within the region, as those who dwell in Barcelona's city view those from Barcaleneta as separate from them due to the different lifestyle and culture they have, however people here also identify as Catalonian.
Alice McDonnell 2019-04-11 13:20 41.378611 2.192077 11/04/2019 15:20:00 Ethnographic Observation Mix of people, ranging roughly 20 to 50, both female and male. Most seem to be tourists suggested by their clothing: shorts, sunglasses, skirts. Also suggested by taking photos of the landscape and eachother. Young people going past on skateboards, bikes, scooters, segways some are talking to tourists to get them to rent vehicles. Local men (35-40yr) with little English are walking along beach with trays of cocktails, walking up to tourists and trying to sell to them. Asian women aged 50 are also interacting with tourists by touching their shoulders and showing pictures of the human body attempting to get money to massage. One is massaging a man laying on his front on the beach, his shirt is rolled up exposing his back. It is obvious multiple groups in this area of Barcaleneta rely on the tourists for income so the area has been designed to cater to their desires, possibly excluding locals from the landscape.  
Alice McDonnell 2019-04-11 13:36 41.378577 2.19217 11/04/2019 15:23:00 Informal Interview Spoke to a man selling drinks. He had a tray with mojitos and sangria with a bottle of rum in his other hand. Wasnt very friendly, had a pushy manner and was desperately trying to sell the drinks to us. He had broken English but did say he sold mainly to tourists, originally tried to sell to us for €5 and when we were reluctant he lowered the price to €4. When we still declined he walked off and appeared frustrated before moving onto a new couple who were obvious tourists, dressed in shorts, sunglasses and backpacks.  This indicates the importance of tourism to these individuals as they are their source of income, however the type of products sold such as cocktails rather than classic Catalonian products and that it's aimed at torusits could suggest a dilution of Catalan culture becase of tourism.  
Ashley Peeroo 2019-04-09 10:15 41.98374 2.821073 09/04/2019 12:14:00 Photograph Sculpture of girl looking out on independace square
Ashley Peeroo 2019-04-09 15:23 41.987255 2.815744 09/04/2019 17:22:00 Ethnographic Observation Revised to upload location

Market girona

Alot of fresh fruit and general goods in an open market. The vendors look to be mostly immigrants while the clientele look to be mostly older people and mothers with children. The clintele themselves also seem to be locals with a few traveling from further away to purchase good. When asked a vendor explained that the fish they were selling was of icelandic origin and was salted to help with presovation.
And customer, when asked, said that their reasons of shopping there was that the produce was of good quality, cheap, and had less packerging compared to conventional super/hyper market goods
Ashley Peeroo 2019-04-09 15:25 41.987848 2.815395 09/04/2019 17:23:00 Photograph After asking a stall vendor it roughly translates to "Spanish, go away"
Ben Jones 2019-04-14 21:09     09/04/2019 09:05:00 Photograph This graffiti is used to signify Catalan independence as it resembles the flags flown by nationalists who believe in the idea of Catalan independence. This photo is interesting as I believe graffiti is seen as rebellious which is what the campaign is also seen as by pro Spain supporters around the rest of Spain and Catalonia who believe Catalonia should remain one state with Spain.
Ben Jones 2019-04-14 21:39     09/04/2019 16:26:00 Ethnographic Observation In the centre of girona:
Groups of tourists either fairly young or fairly old.
Restaurants didn't seem to be very busy in the street less than half full.
Bikes seem to be a very popular mode of transport with very little cars being seen in the city centre although they are allowed.
Tourists are attracted to the main sites such as the game of thrones sets and river.
Tourist with a catalonian independence flag lighter seen on bench.
Ben Jones 2019-04-14 21:19     11/04/2019 13:18:00 Informal Interview Me: Do you class yourself as Spanish.
Respondent: No I do not, I am Catalonian, you see a lot of people in this area also say they are Catalonia and dislike Spain as I dislike.
Me: why?
Respondents: I have grown up in Catalonia with the influence of Catalonia when I was small, it feels as if the people of catalonia feel trapped with no way out and it's unfair to my people we don't want to be with Spanish.
Me: what are your views on the political figures who created the independence referendum?
Respondent: we love them here in girona, they have my top love and respect for what they have done for Catalonia, what has happened to them since is unjust and disgusting!
Me: thank you for your time and have a nice day
Respondent: gracias, thankyou!
Ben Jones 2019-04-14 21:27     11/04/2019 13:38:00 Informal Interview Me: do you class yourself as Spanish?
Respondent: *laughs* No I do not here in girona if you feel as if you are Spanish then you won't get along with many people, see here in girona we are Catalan people.
Me: do you think you will ever get your independence?
Respondent: I would love it but no I think not while I am alive atleast, although Madrid don't want to admit we are the strongest part about this idea of Spain without us they will be scared.
Me: have you lived in girona your whole life?
Respondent: I lived in Barcelona till 6 year old then in girona since till now 34
Me: who is more passionate about independence?
Respodent: Girona! Although both are passionate Catalonia is best represented by girona you only have to look at the building and flags to see this
Me: thankyou for your time
Respondent: thankyou to
Ben Jones 2019-04-14 21:03     11/04/2019 14:01:00 Photograph The Lady who ran the souvenir shop explained what these different pins meant. The black and white cross with a star represents the more extreme notion of Catalan independence which is interesting as the extremist approach to independence is marketed in shops to tourists.
Ben Jones 2019-04-14 21:45     11/04/2019 15:03:00 Ethnographic Observation Girona day 2 observations
Tourist seen in the process of buying a Catalonian independence t-shirt and cup.
Person seen putting sticker representing Catalonian independence on lamppost before walking round a corner.
2 police officers seen walking through city centre (only two seen in girona the two days we were there)
Preacher seen approaching groups of tourists and handing out leaflets about Islam.
Ben Jones 2019-04-14 21:55     12/04/2019 11:00:00 Ethnographic Observation Barcelona in and around la rambla
Heavy police presence possibly due to pickpockets and thief's (much more than girona).
Approached by people regarding coffee shops.
People wearing their backpacks on their front.
There tends to be many more tourists in la rambla.
In the market area people are buying from stall.
Police arrest a person whilst searching his bag.
Area is very crowded with people trying to leave and get into the market.
Ben Jones 2019-04-14 21:47     12/04/2019 11:14:00 Photograph Protestors located on la rambla strip in Barcelona.
Ben Jones 2019-04-15 05:07     12/04/2019 14:00:00 Informal Interview Barcelona interview
Me: do you identify as Catalan or Spanish
Respondent: I don't really see myself as Catalan, Spain shouldn't be divided like this, it's not prosperous for the people.
Me: have you always had this view?
Respondent: No when I was younger it was not a popular idea to have and still is not but as I got older this changed.
Me: have you always lived in Barcelona.
Respondent: yes I have since I was a baby, but I feel like living in a tourist city really changed my view on Catalan independence, we should be proud of Spain as a whole.
Me: thank you
Respondent: gracias
Ben Jones 2019-04-15 05:14     12/04/2019 15:07:00 Informal Interview Barcelona interview 2
Me: have you always lived in Spain?
Respondent: no I have always lived in Catalonia *laughs*
Me: sorry, is the subject of independence a hot topic here
Respondent: no problem, and sí, the problem of independence is erm 'hot' as you say, I feel as if I always seem to be discussing this problem of independence with other Catalonians in Barcelona and there seems to be far less passion here than in other parts of Catalonia.
Me: why is this?
Respondent: to be honest I think this is because Barcelona is very full of other nationalities
Me: tourists and migrants?
Respondent: yes exactly, sorry but I have to go and meet my friend and I am late, goodbye friend
Me: thankyou goodbye
Ben Jones 2019-04-14 22:01     12/04/2019 15:43:00 Ethnographic Observation Walking around Barcelona
Far less flags representing Catalan independence compared to other parts of Catalonia.
Demonstration regarding independence being held (see photos and notes)
Harbour seems to be very busy with people selling fake clothes and other items with no regulation seeming to be in place and almost no police presence.
Tourists seem to be buying from these trees vendors with little to no hassle with these vendors seeming approchable.
Seems to be a heavy American presence at the beach in Barcelona from hearing people walking past.
Tourists seem to be renting electric scooters and segways to travel around.
Ben Jones 2019-04-15 05:22     12/04/2019 16:00:00 Photograph Barcelona seems to have far less Catalonian independence flags and seems to be more supportive of Spain. This photo show all the Catalonian, Spanish and EU flag flying together in unity which seems to be more prevalent in Barcelona as opposed to girona and other places in Spain.
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 19:06 41.986149 2.823449 09/04/2019 10:00:00 Photograph Plaça de la Independència, in Girona has a big Catalan present with the statue in the middle of the square as well as the number of yellow ribbons and banners supporting Catalan. There are also a number of Girona FC flag waving showing support to their local football which again has Catalan roots throughout. This is where I carried out my informal interview with a local whilst playing table football in one of the restaurants.
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 19:03 41.381736 2.171552 09/04/2019 12:00:00 Photograph Mercado de La Boqueria is the one of the busy market places which attracts both locals and tourist due to the wind range of stalls on offer from local fruit and vegetables to ice cream and smoothies.  This is the place where I took my ethnographic observations
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 19:01 41.380933 2.122912 12/04/2019 12:00:00 Photograph Camp Nou is home to FC Barcelona and is central to Catalan Identity. There is where i carried out my ethnographic survey and informal interview
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:14 41.990081 2.821971 09/04/2019 09:45:00 Informal Interview I asked one of the stall owners, who appeared to be in her late 50's where the flowers are grown. She replied in good English "that the flowers are shipped in from overseas such as Netherlands". She went on to say that "this does upset me as I would prefer locally sourced flowers closer to home". She also talked about how her main buyers are local people rather tourists who tend to just look and not buy. She also mentioned the market is becoming less traditional and more commercialised as more stalls are offering ice creams and smoothies to encourage the tourists. This shows tension exists between the locals and tourists as the Catalan culture is being lost.  
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 17:53 41.990081 2.821971 09/04/2019 12:05:00 Ethnographic Observation An older lady on her own approaches their stall wearing a bright red winter coat offsetting her very dark hair and olive skin, indicating she is possibly a local.  After a couple of minutes of looking at the items on sale, she endeavors to negotiate a cheaper price with the younger man at the stall. The conservation between the two lasts for about 3-5 minutes and the language spoken is Catalan. Their interaction is getting quite heated with the younger man refusing to negotiate a cheaper price for the clothes.  The older woman appears to be extremely angry about his refusal to negotiate and storms off in a very fast fashion, barging her way through several people and continues to voice her annoyance at the stall owner's decision so much so that her voice can still be heard as she marches off into the distance causing other people at the market to turn their heads, raise their eyebrows and wonder why the woman is so disgruntled.
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 17:56 41.990081 2.821971 09/04/2019 12:05:00 Ethnographic Observation The Catalan culture is becoming more and more diluted in the market place.  Even though there are a number of traditional products on sale, there is evidence of non-traditional stalls, clothing for example, creeping into the market in an attempt to attract more tourists who find these particular stalls more appealing.    
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 17:47 41.990081 2.821971 09/04/2019 00:10:00 Ethnographic Observation In the clothing section of the market there is a steady flow of people walking past and gazing at the items on offer. Most of the stalls are selling top end brands such as Nike, Fila and Adidas; however, these are "fakes" that look incredibly realistic appealing to both locals and tourists as the items are being sold at a significantly cheaper price.  The majority of stall owners tend to be of ethnic minority. At one particular stall there appears to be a father son relationship; the father being in his late 50's early 60's and the son in his early 20's, their facial features are very similar. They are both wearing similar clothing to the items being sold at the stall; both males are wearing jeans and jackets, the older man wearing a Nike top and the younger man wearing an Adidas top, both dressed in winter clothing.   
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 17:54 41.990081 2.821971 09/04/2019 12:05:00 Ethnographic Observation Soon after this episode, a younger man in his early 20's of fair complexion approaches the stall perusing the items of clothing on sale. He is dressed in similar attire to those on sale at the stall. As the younger man approaches the stall owner, who is in his 50's, the dialogue between the two individuals adopts a relaxed tone with the older man calling him "my friend" when he purchases a Fred Perry white polo top for €10.  However, the older man is speaking in very broken English to the younger Englishman which makes communication more of a struggle.  To overcome this obstacle, he communicates using hand gestures such as pointing as a way of communication.  The interaction between the two lasts for approximately 5 minutes.
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:22 41.381736 2.171552 10/04/2019 10:40:00 Informal Interview I asked the owner of a cheese stall, a male in his late 50's, if his produce was from the Catalan region. He replied in very good English "all my cheese is traditionally sourced from the Catalan region as well as locally".  He said that mostly the locals come every week to buy his cheese, however the tourists just tend to look as a cultural appreciation rather than actually buying any cheese. He further went onto say that "tourism has impacted upon my sales as less locals come to the market as it is far too busy and stressful so they go elsewhere to avoid the crowds of tourists visiting the market". This shows how tourism can have a negative impact upon local trade and create tension between locals and tourists.

Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:06 41.381736 2.171552 10/04/2019 10:40:00 Ethnographic Observation The market is a very busy market place with lots of people bumping into each other due to the lack of space with its narrow walkways. Noise pollution is apparent coming from stall owners speaking in Catalan and some speaking in English to try and encourage potential customers to their stalls. The market is filled with an abundance of locals buying locally sourced food from the more traditional stalls such as fruit, vegetables, cheese, meat and bread.  The market is also busy with tourists who are enjoying the cultural aspect of the market, however the tourists are more interested in the ice cream, smoothie and chocolate stalls. The demographic of the stall owners tends to be late 40's to 50's and the demographic of the people looking around the market is varied from older people in their 60's to 70's to younger people with their families.   
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:08 41.381736 2.171552 10/04/2019 10:40:00 Ethnographic Observation One stall owner who is middle aged is selling fruit and smoothies. He is trying to encourage people to buy his produce by interacting with passing by trade by shouting out in Catalan as well as using hand gestures to tourists as his English appears to be weak. His stall is very colourful with a range of different flavoured smoothies which attracts the tourists more so than the locals. There is one family with two young children (two adults, male and female in their 40's with children aged between 4 and 6). The family can be heard speaking English. The adults are wearing hoodies and shorts and the two young children, both female, appear to be identical twins as they share the exact same facial features and are the same height.  They are dressed identically too; brightly coloured summer dresses with matching cardigans.  The girls jump excitedly up and down holding hands, demonstrating they have a close relationship, waiting in anticipation of their smoothie.   
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:10 41.381736 2.171552 10/04/2019 14:15:00 Ethnographic Observation Communication between the father and the stall holder is fragmented as the stall holder's English is weak and the father cannot speak Catalan so pointing and head nodding or shaking is used when they order their smoothies.  Nevertheless, the interaction between both parties lasts about 3 minutes and the family leave happily as the stall owner waves goodbye. This highlights how local markets are becoming less traditional as more stalls begin to sell ice cream and smoothies in order to appeal to the tourist industry, developing possible tension between the two.   
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:13 41.380933 2.122912 12/04/2019 15:00:00 Ethnographic Observation There are two young males, queuing side by side in close proximity to each other, suggesting they are friends, waiting to buy tickets for the tour of the Nou Camp.  Both are in their early 20's, wearing shorts, t-shirts and sunglasses. One of the young men asks the staff member in the ticket office for 2 admission tickets for the basic tour costing €52 in total. The man in the ticket office was in his 40's, dressed in the FC Barcelona staff uniform. He spoke very good English so communication was not an issue, however he appeared to be very bored, fed up and unenthusiastic and made little eye contact. Whilst the money was exchanged and the tickets were being printed, the interaction between the two young males and the ticket officer was very brief with few words being spoken and only lasting for a minute or so.  Upon leaving the ticket office the two young males were heard to voice "what was his problem?"  
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:21 41.380933 2.122912 12/04/2019 14:12:00 Informal Interview This reflects how important Catalan identity is to the club and how integral it has been and still is in trying to obtain independence. However, from a tourist point of view they may not be as interested and invested in the Catalan culture and what the club symbolises, they are more focused on Barcelona FC and their amazing football ground and facilities. This example highlights the issue between tourists and locals whereby the landscape is becoming more globalized and losing its roots of Catalan identity.  
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:19 41.380933 2.122912 12/04/2019 14:12:00 Informal Interview Whilst at the museum I asked a member of staff how important the Catalan identity is to FC Barcelona. He replied, in very good English "FC Barcelona's motto "mes que un club" which means in English "more than a club" is found everywhere from the team's website, displayed on stadium seats and embroidered in the collars of the kits. The club has been a focal point of Catalan identity and a symbol of democracy and became central to the region's vote of independence. He also went onto to say that "within the museum there are many displays which refer to the importance of Catalan to the club".   
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:11 41.380933 2.122912 12/04/2019 15:00:00 Ethnographic Observation The Nou Camp is a very busy place with the majority of people being tourists and multiple languages being spoken which demonstrates the global attraction FC Barcelona has in bringing people not only to visit the stadium but also the city.  The demographic is very mixed; varying from young people, couples and families visiting the stadium with the majority having an obvious passion for football by the excited chatter going on all around.
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:03 41.983774 2.824077 09/04/2019 14:15:00 Ethnographic Observation The shops along the street are quiet with very few people actually entering into the stores.  The shops vary from local and traditional shops selling Girona merchandise to larger named stores such as North Face and Footlocker, which shows signs of regeneration.
The regeneration has positive impacts in terms of bringing in more tourists due to the number of shops including big named brands and a selection of restaurants, however parts of the old town have been maintained to represent the heritage and history of the area with a number of traditional and one-off shops.  The regeneration not only provides increased employment opportunities to the locals but also helps boost the local economy.
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:04 41.983774 2.824077 09/04/2019 14:15:00 Ethnographic Observation The tourism-focused regeneration has maintained the cultural aspects of the old town with the presence of many flags, banners and ribbons in the regenerated area keeping the Catalan culture alive.  This uses the tourist landscape to promote a nationalist political message; examples of banners include "freedom for all Catalans political prisoners and exiles".  There are also a number of museums in the old the town which explains the history of Girona, again allowing tourists to gain a better understanding of a place and its culture.   
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 17:57 41.983774 2.824077 09/04/2019 14:15:00 Ethnographic Observation In this part of the old town there is a constant flow of people wandering the street; both locals and tourists gazing at the architecture, shops and restaurants. The restaurants are relatively busy with people eating and drinking at lunch with groups of roughly around 4 people, however there is one large group of 10 plus making a considerable amount of noise from laughter, which noticeably interrupts others who were trying to enjoy their food and drink as other diners in the restaurant occasionally glance in their direction. Sitting in a corner of the restaurant is a table of 2 people who seem to be oblivious to the noise of their surroundings as they were holding hands across the table totally engaged in each other, suggesting they are in a close personal relationship.   
Cameron Young 2019-04-16 18:18 41.986149 2.823449 09/04/2019 10:49:00 Informal Interview At one of the restaurants in the Placa de la Independencia there was a table-football game, one local man in his early 20's came over and challenged me to a game. His English was of a very high standard. I said jokingly "England v Spain" however he responded with "No my friend, England v Catalan". I asked for his views on Catalan independence, his reply was "I don't like to discuss the Catalan Independence as it is a sensitive subject not only in Girona, but all across Catalan and Spain. It's a bit like Brexit in your country". This highlights how important the Catalan independence is to everyone in Girona as well as illustrating the lack of knowledge that tourists possess regarding the Catalan culture, identity and history. However, with the many flags, banners and posters plastered around the city, the tourism landscape can be used to promote this political message.   
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 13:40 41.9871 2.815759 09/04/2019 09:50:00 Ethnographic Observation Trees line the market which is composed of long, straight gravel paths, stalls either side. The surroundings are mostly green with a children's park adjacent. It is not very busy being at an end of a market path. A woman wears a long brown coat over jeans and a red dress, and is with a child who stops to pick up gravel, so is asked to hurry along. She has fresh produce in her pram and picks up a table cloth upon arriving at the end stall. Next she moves further down to sort through second hand clothes which are displayed in piles. The child plays with the woman's bag hung on the pram so she slaps the young child on the head. They meet a man at the stall who also has a child and they look at the clothes together. The clothing worn by the people and nature of the stall described may suggest a lower to middle class background and a head scarf worn by the woman could imply religious connotations. The fact that the family are shopping for clothes and in a relaxed fashion means that they are most likely local to the area rather than passing-through tourists. The child wearing a tartan dress throws stones at their sibling wearing a polka dot skirt. The woman picks up some purple clothes while the man looks further along without any luck. Following this, the couple move closer together at the very end of the stall and the children are left to play freely on the path which suggests a safe and familiar environment. The man eventually waits by the pram and the woman walks over to discuss this time a white piece of clothing she has found and proceeds to make a purchase. Although there is frequent interaction between the couple, the children are not engaged with the market goings-on. Therefore, the children could be said to stand out as they choose to sit on the ground and play with the gravel. The man pushes the pram towards the market exit and calls the children over. The child in tartan is met with affection from the father such as kisses and brushes off the loose dirt which the child has acquired from their time at the market. The other child gets in the pram and is pushed by the mother while the father takes the child in tartan's hand and they depart. Alongside this family, other people shopping linger along the stall also looking at clothes. Over the course of the observation (10-15minutes), the stall becomes busier and people are happy to stand close to one another. The atmosphere is calm and there is an absence of rushing around as people take their time, focusing their attention on the stalls.  
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 13:50 41.9871 2.815759 09/04/2019 10:10:00 Informal Interview I conducted an informal interview with a person also exploring the market. I asked them what their view of independence was in relation to the vote and they immediately declared that they don't talk about the matter and instead talked around my question. For example, they mentioned how the vote was 50/50 which implies that they viewed the referendum as legitimate. This I got the impression that they had voted for independence but was afraid to say so. The violence which occurred was suggested as being a reason for the lack of openness, as if they will not risk discussion for the unknown consequences. I compared it to Brexit in UK because of the divide and passion which people have about the political matter, and he agreed. We found that the police handling was a factor which set the two situations apart however. Overall, the response indicates that tensions remain high in Catalonia.   
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 13:52 41.9871 2.815759 09/04/2019 10:30:00 Informal Interview I approached a flower stand and asked the person about where the flowers were from. The person informed me that some where from Catalonia however a proportion had been imported from Holland. This could imply that the identity is not overly strong here as the produce fails to be entirely locally sourced. I proceeded to inquire about their opinion of whether Catalonia should be independent but the response was limited. The subject, I was told, is not one which is discussed but I got the impression the person felt passionately about their identity.  
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 13:48 41.98311 2.82493 09/04/2019 13:15:00 Ethnographic Observation The main walkway is pedestrianised while car access is permitted on one side and an additional path is available for foot traffic on the opposite. The space is very much functional as well as being kept very clean, thanks to the provision of bins. Both tourists and locals may be satisfied here due to the variety of shops and services accompanied by benches or restaurant seating. Green features also such as in the form of trees and neatly potted flowers and plants, providing a tidy and attractive environment. People often pause at the side of the main strip for a few minutes before moving on. For example, a couple of people stop to admire the historic architecture which has been preserved and features the city's identity with their flag and yellow ribbon. Two cyclists travel along the road part while a car follows. The width of the central path means that people don't get in each other's way because of the modern design. There is around one group of people seated at each restaurant. People not dining move slowly and casually, apart from waitresses and waiters who move briskly as they cross from one side to the other. A group of young, tanned males stand out as they form a tight star with their bikes and engage in conversation for approximately 10 minutes before splitting in two. They are not wearing helmets but dress in dark colours and sunglasses and carry rucksacks. I determined that they were speaking in Spanish so could not understand them but they seemed to adopt a relaxed aura. This part of Girona may used by youths to socialise because the area characterised by its spacious and safe elements.  
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 13:36 41.986427 2.825349 09/04/2019 16:15:00 Photograph The sense of Catalonia's national identity can be shown by the display of the flag as a symbol of pro-political independence, separating their culture from that of Spain and declared in a place where many from outside the region often gather.
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 13:53 41.374962 2.173265 10/04/2019 10:00:00 Photograph The gentrification of Barcelona can be illustrated by the large, white, glass building situated in a place previously known as China Town. This photograph includes a young male skate boarding, showing that locals enjoy the space as well as tourists.
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 14:02 41.381736 2.171552 10/04/2019 10:30:00 Ethnographic Observation The market environment is compact and colourful, while the majority of people are continuously moving but not at a hurried pace. The short, concrete paths are relatively narrow and with multiple directions which contributes to the densely-packed feel. It is a closed area which limits the number of entrances and exits. Most people are buying goods which they can consume immediately which implies more who visit are tourists than locals, but stalls like a butchers and vegetable stand still exist to meet the needs of the local population. A group of young people stand out as they are stationed in the centre of the walkway to share some sweet food. They lack much communication between them as they focus on their food but remain standing close to one another due to the limited space available. At the edge of the market people stand or sit to enjoy the dishes they have just purchased. They depart the area once they have consumed their food, which shows that tourists choose to extend their time at the market in order to fully embrace the atmosphere.  
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 14:04 41.3812 2.173393 10/04/2019 11:00:00 Ethnographic Observation The Rambler is an open space although it is situated in between two roads. As it is fairly spacious, the high proportion of foot traffic does not appear overwhelming or restricting. People move at a fairly steady and continuous pace and walk en mass in an orderly fashion on the right hand side mostly. There are many tourist shops selling Barcelona merchandise and so the location is aimed primarily at visitors but locals may use the space to travel from one place to another. The most significant interaction I observed was the cooperation between two males in order to conduct a successful pickpocketing. Surrounding members of the public appeared to be unaware of the theft process taking place as the two people were very slick and probably well practiced. Due to the city's reputation for this crime, some tourists can be seen to wear their rucksack on their front, while locals may know to not carry expensive personal belongings on their person, and can be seen to carry light. Most people moving around the city appear to be from a middle to upper class background whilst the dress of the pickpocketing people could infer a lower class background.  
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 14:06 41.380653 2.189927 10/04/2019 12:30:00 Informal Interview At a restaurant by the seafront in Barcelona I asked the young waitress whether the food was Catalonian. She replied, positively and passionately, that the majority is locally sourced and so I asked whether this is an important part of celebrating and preserving their culture in this region. She agreed, saying "definitely, we are proud to be from Catalonia and so it is good to share [this] with our unique food". As it was clear the woman felt strongly about her identity, I progressed to inquire about the referendum and she quietly told me that she had voted but they do not talk about it, and so smiled and turned away to continue working. The former part of the conversation however would suggest that she had voted for independence, as although she is proud to be Catalonian she is unable to speak proudly in this context.  
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 13:55 41.385831 2.183801 10/04/2019 15:45:00 Photograph Produced to present a narrative adopting a particular preservation for the exposure to citizens who may be influenced and thus be in favour of independence due to the biased historical context.
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 13:59 41.38284 2.176742 10/04/2019 16:30:00 Photograph This 'freedom of political expression' banner accompanied by the flag has replaced more explicit and clear ones but people will likely know what the current one is implying and so this interpreted meaning about the Catalonian identity can still be read by passers by despite providing a more subtle display.
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-16 13:32 41.985748 2.814383 09/04/2019 11:43:00 Photograph The incorporation of graffiti in the urban environment impacts the Catalonian landscape as its political meaning can be interpreted in a particular way due to its chosen location.
Charlotte Turner 2019-04-09 22:19 41.998536 2.817618 09/04/2019 11:43:00 Photograph The incorporation of graffiti in the urban environment impacts the Catalonian landscape as its political meaning can be interpreted in a particular way due to its chosen location.
Chelsea Gardner 2019-04-09 08:38 41.986212 2.811772 09/04/2019 10:32:00 Ethnographic Observation Locals are given a very strange look to us. Feels like they dont want us here at all. Steph and I were walking past a man normally then he blew a raspberry at us and kind of spat at us this man was of a Spanish identity medium build around 60+ who looked liked he was just finishing shopping. This makes the experience very strange and slightly uncomfortable. Could indicate that they is a strong sense of Catalan identity and outsider's are not welcomed.  
Chelsea Gardner 2019-04-09 08:51 41.984893 2.814791 09/04/2019 10:45:00 Ethnographic Observation The type of people shopping at the market are of an elderly age- or a mothers of family.looks like they dont come too far- but tend to get the weekly shop here. The young people dont really come here go to local supermarkets instead. This could show that maybe the Catalan politics are more the elderly people. Similar scenario as in Brexit that effects more of a certain age range  The workers tend to be men who off a migrant background- this is a change in Catalan identity  
Chelsea Gardner 2019-04-09 12:01 41.983718 2.824007 09/04/2019 13:57:00 Informal Interview Asked the waiter at the restruant we ate in if they get many English tourists and the response was yes but more busy in the summer months not so much at the time of year. In the area we were sat there was a a lot of flags identify the Catalan identity  
Chelsea Gardner 2019-04-09 14:03 41.986738 2.825175 09/04/2019 16:01:00 Informal Interview I asked the museum worker why only a few off the abstracts are in different languages and she.said that it was more to emphasis the significance of.the region and thats.where most.tourists are from the Catalan region.  
Chelsea Gardner 2019-04-16 14:50 50.898915 -1.336766 09/04/2019 11:30:00 Photograph in this Catalan flag the strange thing is that there is also English written informing about freedom of the political arrest. This shows that they want to emphasis the information to the English tourists. However as a lot of these flag's are just in Catalan this could show a lost of identity.
Chelsea Gardner 2019-04-16 14:51 50.898866 -1.336842 09/04/2019 13:46:00 Photograph again this is written in English indicating the loss of identity of the Catalan region. However with Catalan flags surrounding this and the yellow bows of political freedom this could be an emphasising the importance of Catalan nationalism and as a nation they want the whole world to understand. As English is where a lot of tourist come from this gives a wider support background.
Chelsea Gardner 2019-04-09 19:00 41.998138 2.81747 09/04/2019 15:53:00 Photograph English writing about the Catalan rights
Chelsea Gardner 2019-04-09 19:03     09/04/2019 16:15:00 Photograph
Chelsea Gardner 2019-04-12 09:39 41.381735 2.172183 12/04/2019 11:35:00 Ethnographic Observation At entrance of the Boqueria market the security guard is warning people of pick pockets to keep bags in front of them- this indicates that loss of identity as it means that more crime rate and tourists are over taking. Some if the locals arent particular key of the idea if keeping bags in front of them- maybe pickpockets can indicate who the tourists are. Although I could not distinguish a strong Catalan identity here.  
Chelsea Gardner 2019-04-12 10:26 41.377279 2.176455 12/04/2019 12:22:00 Informal Interview When we were in Barcelona we witnessed a protest happening. This protest happen in Las Ramblas every Wednesday and Friday. Group of people about the protest arrest. They sing songs and chant - national antheam well known Catalan tradition songs as well. The person we talked to couldn't suggest a specific location of where Catalan identity is expressed the most. However this shows a strong identity of the Catalan nationalism.  
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 08:23 41.988913 2.815707 09/04/2019 10:22:00 Photograph This photo shows the socialist interpretation of the Catalonian flag; the flag has been painted on the side of a structural pillar of a bridge. The area in which this image was taken seemed to have a fairly high footfall which is significant as it has clearly been painted here so as it will be seen by many people, and along with many other pieces of Catalonian themed graffiti, it will help to engrave the image of the Catalonian flag into people's minds making it impossible to forget the political situation of the region. The site at which this photograph was taken was within close proximity to a market highly populated by locals, for people who see this particular piece of graffiti, or other similar pieces, on a daily basis it cannot be easy for them to disregard the relationship between Girona and Catalonia, and despite their push for independence paintings like these reinforce the role of Catalonia within Girona's identity.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 08:26 41.988841 2.815511 09/04/2019 10:23:00 Photograph This photograph is taken in a public park; it shows a Catalonia flag stuck onto a lampost, however it has been defaced, during our time in the city many similar examples of defaced Catalonian flags could be found. Girona is a city that voted for independence and separation from Catalonia therefore it is understandable that the image of the Catalan flag is not popular. It is likely that this sticker, and many similar to it, have been stuck up around the city on public infrastructure by opposition groups or Spanish rebels as a sign of protest; the act of defacing and destroying these symbols associated with Catalonia is likely to have been carried out by locals in Girona who identify as pro-independence as an act of retaliation. Defacing Catalan relating symbols suggests that local in Girona are unhappy to identify with the region and perhaps Catalonian the values and ideas, their push for independence in the referendum indicates that they want to be identified as independent.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 08:32 41.988718 2.815226 09/04/2019 10:30:00 Photograph The graffiti shown in this photo can be translated to 'Spaniards carded the field'. Carded can mean to check someone's identity and so this particular piece of graffiti could suggest that the person who painted it identifies Girona as part of Catalonia rather than an independent city. The image of the Catalan flag can be seen alongside the text suggesting that it has been painted by a member of a independence opposition group member. Its placement is on a public restroom building at the entrance to a fairly busy traditional Gironan market; like other pro-Catalan graffiti it has probably been placed here to ensure that it is seen and the idea that the identity of Girona being tied to Catalonia reinforced on a daily basis. The text is written in Catalan rather than Spanish, this is significant as language is something that can be strongly linked to identity and by writing in Catalan opposition groups are only strengthening the idea that Girona is unable to identify as independent.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 08:33 41.988663 2.815188 09/04/2019 10:32:00 Photograph Girona was one of the biggest voters to become independent from Catalonia and so it is not unlikely that it would have been targeted by opposition groups and Spanish rebels. The text in this photo reads 'Kill a Nazi' followed by the Catalonian flag. Like a majority of the other graffiti this is likely to have been painted by someone who is against Girona becoming independent. The words use suggest that those who voted for independence from Catalonia are seen to be as bad as Nazi's in the eyes of those who oppose this. Alternatively, the 'Nazis' referred to her could be the politicians involved in the organisation of the referendum and whom are now being put on trial. This image is important with regard to the research question as like other graffiti in engraves the image of Catalonia of Gironan identity.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 08:47 41.989944 2.81337 09/04/2019 10:43:00 Photograph A range of global brands (although fake replicas) suggest the impact of globalisation and western culture on this traditional city. Many stalls like this could be seen amongst those selling local goods, throughout the market. The fact that there were multiple stalls selling brands such as those shown suggests that there must be a market for them in the area, and perhaps are indicative of growing tourist influence as none of the locals at the market were wearing anything that resembled these goods. The conflicting stalls (local goods vs global goods) also highlight the difference in the tourist market and consumer goods against more local goods which perhaps would not be bought by tourists such as fresh ingredients for cooking etc.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 08:50 41.987422 2.814207 09/04/2019 10:48:00 Photograph Some academics believe that traditional Catalan identity can be shown partially through the foods that are eaten in the region, however, amidst the market stalls a 'Coca-Cola' burger van could be seen selling stereotypical western foods e.g. burgers and fizzy drinks. Similarly to the replica designer goods on sale, this burger van may suggest an increasing tourist influence as this food provides evidence that this traditional market is catering for a mixture of locals and tourists. With this being said, this was the only one of its kind that could be found in the market and all other food-based products seemed to be fresh goods targeted at locals.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 09:10 41.98753 2.814537 07/04/2019 09:08:00 Ethnographic Observation Market P1

There appeared to be no souvenirs or tourist targeted items on sale; a majority of stalls were selling fresh produce and household items – goods to be bought and utilized by locals. Amongst these stalls there were some global goods on sale, for example; fake designer goods and t-shirts with images such as New York printed on them. These could be seen as tourist targeted items as there were no locals showing any interest in the goods that were displayed, however the stall owners seemed to be making no effort with market visitors who stuck out as tourists. A group of around 8 teenagers (5f + 3m) aged 17/18 walked through the market, they spoke with English accents and the way in which they dressed (jeans and trainers alongside bags from brands like Nike and adidas) made it clear that they were tourists; they were perhaps the perfect target for stall owners selling these global goods yet there was no interaction with them suggesting no great need to sell to tourists. As tourists spending time in the area, we felt slightly uncomfortable, many locals and market owners took particular interest in us and stared as we passed them by - this is perhaps because we looked out of place and did not fit in with the local community. When walking thorough the market as a group there was large interest at taken, this consisted of many looks but no communication verbal interaction this perhaps suggest a lack of tourist populations in the area. The local community appeared solitary and somewhat lifeless - noise levels were low and place was slow, no laughter or in depth communication could be seen. People kept to themselves. This atmosphere suggests that the people of Girona are dissatisfied with their situation whether this be socio-economic or political whichever it may there is something surrounding the area which suggests a feeling of unhappiness or them being The food stall (westernised burger van) was being utilised by only 2 local people, dressed in casual wear and a group of young tourists. The locals seemed to hang around and sit at the adjacent tables whilst the tourists purchased their goods and moved on this suggests there is no tourist experience in the area, and they want to move on to something more. This is something that may be expected to be very different to Barcelona where people will be expected to take their time, take photos expect.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 09:11 41.98753 2.814537 08/04/2019 10:08:00 Ethnographic Observation Market P2

There is vast array of different ethnicities, ages and religions and although they are sharing the same space and potentially holding similar political views and values they did not seem to integrate. Stall owners seemed to keep to themselves as did groups of people the same ages and religions - in my time at the market I saw no interaction between a young and old person nor an interaction between interracial. One aspect in which there was little variation seemed to be gender; the market population seemed to be dominated largely by females. As this was a Tuesday morning on a working week this suggests a traditional way of living - perhaps the men go out to work and provide income whilst the women are home keepers.
Everyone within the market moved slowly, not one person (Young nor old) nobody seemed to move with purpose. The atmosphere appeared particularly laid back as there is a lack of urgency, agenda and purpose this goes for those buying and selling. This is perhaps different to Barcelona where much more business takes place and more populated by tourists from whom local businesses know they can make money. The fact they nothing seemed to be being bought or sold also suggested a low income, during the time I spent in the market I saw not a single transaction take place.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 09:12 41.98753 2.814537 09/04/2019 11:08:00 Ethnographic Observation Market P3

The surrounding area is a peaceful, a traditional market town; based on the products on sale it may be easy to assume that the market is intended for locals buying everyday goods rather than tourists. The prices of the goods being sold suggest the area is low income with a lower middle-class socioeconomic status. This status was reinforced by the ways in which people were dressed; it was very informal consisting of jeans, hooded jumpers and dark colored coats. There was very little color in the clothes that people wore, with a lot of neutral and dark tones, there was also very little branded clothing worn by locals despite there being at least 3 stalls selling faux designer goods. The casual clothing being worn made it clear that nobody from the market was en route to a business meeting or place of formal work such as an office. The surrounding area is a peaceful, a traditional market town; based on the products on sale it may be easy to assume that the market is intended for locals buying everyday goods rather than tourists. The prices of the goods being sold suggest the area is low income with a lower middle-class socioeconomic status. This status was reinforced by the ways in which people were dressed; it was very informal consisting of jeans, hooded jumpers and dark colored coats. There was very little color in the clothes that people wore, with a lot of neutral and dark tones, there was also very little branded clothing worn by locals despite there being at least 3 stalls selling faux designer goods. The casual clothing being worn made it clear that nobody from the market was en route to a business meeting or place of formal work such as an office.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 09:12 41.98753 2.814537 09/04/2019 11:08:00 Ethnographic Observation Market p4

As we walked through the market, we were neither spoken to nor approached by any market stall owner, something that would perhaps be expected in a city which attracts a more tourist-based population such as Barcelona. Desipite lack of verbal interaction it seemed that many did take a visual interest perhaps because we stuck out from the locals and were not from the area; this was made clear both by the way we looked and the language and accents we used when talking amongst ourselves. A man on a bike dressed in jeans and a black coat cycled past taking a particular interest in us - perhaps because we do not fit it with the locals, and it is clear that we are not from the area. This was replicated by many other passersby such as a younger man who looked as though he was local, this man was carrying two blue plastic shopping bags which appeared to be full of groceries. As he walked past he headphones became unattached from his phone, the music appeared to Spanish rap.

One t-shirt showed an imaged of a skyline with the letters ‘N.Y.C.’ The stall on which this was found looked to be owned by 2 men in their late 20s, both were dressed in fairly basic clothing; jeans with casual hooded jumpers, and looked as though they were from the local population. They talked amongst themselves, in what sounded like either Catalonian or Spanish and did not interact with any passersby. The fact that that this was on sale in a traditional market in central Girona suggests this city itself is not global, people are not looking to buy t-shirts with Girona branded on them, perhaps because it does not attract the same vast tourist population as a city like New York. The image of the skyline is strongly identified with New York, perhaps there are no Girona t-shirts because there is no global image that is identified with the city. In addition to this it could perhaps be dangerous to promote Girona outside the city given the current political conflict.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 09:18 41.987952 2.814947 09/04/2019 11:12:00 Informal Interview As we walked through the market we were approached by very few locals perhaps because they overheard us speaking English. When we tried to question market stall owners we found it difficult to uphold coversation as knowlege of English seemed minimalistic.

On one occasion we were approached by a market stall owner who asked us to buy her products but when we spoke only English she became disinterested and walked away
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 09:58 41.985685 2.823477 09/04/2019 11:55:00 Photograph This photograph was taken in independence square, located in the old town and marketed both towards locals and tourists. The flag that can be seen was not the only one of its kind, and many more could be found in various location around the city. The text seen on this flag translates to read "Liberty for the political prisoners" – the term 'political prisoners' refers to the politicians who played a role in organizing the 2017 independence referendum and are now being put on trial as a result. Flags such as these are being hung around Girona in order to show support for these politicians as they gave the city the opportunity to identify as independent. Despite the result of this vote not being followed through t was still significant as it was able to broadcast to the rest of the country that a majority of voters in Girona did not identify with Catalonia.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 09:59 41.985747 2.823441 09/04/2019 11:59:00 Informal Interview - Waitress
- Early 20s
- Spoke with Spanish accent
- Advanced English
I asked her what she was doing in the area, and she explained that she was working in the restaurant part time whilst she studied physiotherapy at the university. I asked her whether she missed her home and said there were some things she missed and others that she liked more about Girona. She explained she was not originally from the area so had moved here to study and that her home was around 2 hours away. When I asked her how she felt about the result of the 2017 referendum she scoffed, suggesting it was a topic she was tired of hearing about, she explained that she did not care for the result both because the referendum hadn't been "fair" and because she didn't live in the area so didn't feel particularly affected. The conversation ended as she was working and was called over to serve a table. 
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-15 17:09 41.983001 2.823802 09/04/2019 12:22:00 Photograph The statue of this young girl represents the only birth registered on the date of the referendum, she has been placed in this position as though she is looking over the square in deep thought. Many think that perhaps she is reflecting on the political history of the city; from the constitution that was once being commemorated her to the much more recent violence surrounding the referendum. This is not the only values that the girl represents, to different people the statue holds different political meanings.

The plaque explains the brutality of the 2017 referendum. It is held in place with bolts that cannot be removed, suggesting there is fear that opposition groups will try to take it down as the ideas that it represents aren't agreed with by all. When looking at the plaque there is evidence that someone has tried to deface it, which again suggests that its symbolised is not appreciated by all citizens
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 10:23 41.983809 2.820796 09/04/2019 12:22:00 Photograph This statue of a young girl is found in square that is found to have two different names when seen on different maps; constitution square and 1 October Square. The square was historically named 'Constitution Square' and dedicated to the Spanish Constitution; for locals it represented their Catalan identity, free speech etc, and in some ways political safety. In February 2018 the local government voted to rename the square '1 October Square' the reason for this being to commemorate the referendum that took place on this date in the year prior to this and the violence that it has resulted in. The Mayor, Marta Madrenas, said the main reason for the idea coming about to change the name was because "the constitution is not a democracy, it has lost all legitimacy". This change in name due to a change in political meaning of the landscape suggests the importance of name encoding on a space
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-15 20:31 41.98574 2.823616 09/04/2019 13:37:07 Ethnographic Observation The atmosphere within the city was very different to that of the market. Clearly the locals here were used to tourists and large groups and did not seemed phased by our presence. Demographic of the area was more varied; particularly age,  larger amount people in early 20s, perhaps due to the university. There was a group of 5/6 young girls taking photographs of themselves near the monument, the girls looked to be in their mid teens and had a local look about them. There was also an older couple perhaps in their late 50s dressed in shorts and trainers; the man held a backpack and looked upwards at the buildings whilst the women took a photograph of the monument. Slightly down the road from the square a group of 25/30 younger children aged around 13-14 were being spoken to by a female teacher, some of the children used clip boards to make notes, they children appeared to be Spanish but whether or not they were local was unclear.  
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-09 12:45 41.983001 2.823802 09/04/2019 14:41:00 Photograph This image is taken in Girona Old Town, it shows a local independent cafe next door to North Face (global brand); this is representative of aims created when rebranding.
1. Tourists were to experience local heritage and culture.
2. Heritage was to be preserved and respected.
3. Locals were targeted so as they would also continue to use the town.

The government were not keen on the idea of the 'sun, sea and sangria' holiday, however wanted to ensure that Girona did not become a living museum. In order to tackle this they aimed strategies at day tourism; the average tourist spent £108/day. Historic convent buildings formed part of the new university to attract students and grow the non-tourist population.

This image suggests that they have been successful as we can see a mixture of tourist and local businesses, stores are built into traditional infrastructure and the inclusion of local business ensure the option for visitors to experience traditional culture
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-10 09:04 41.383197 2.167088 10/04/2019 11:03:00 Photograph This photo shows MACBA Art Museum, this piece of architecture was part of the 1900s regeneration project spurred by the hosting of the 1992 Olympics. When Barcelona was first announced to be the host of the 1992 games there was a large amount of questioning as to whether the city has the capacity to do so ‚Äì especially seeing as it had just been through a 40-year period of authoritarian rule. When the museum was built there was a strong opposition from locals in and around the area; this was mainly aimed at the architecture as it was associated with modern European cities rather than Barcelona which was more commonly identified by romantic architecture and the work of Gaudi, and so people did not think it was a good representation of the history of the city.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-10 09:14 41.38375 2.171191 10/04/2019 11:13:00 Photograph This image shows La Rambles; this area was originally a waterway but was pedestrianized during the 18th Century. The lack of natural light that reaches this strip as a result of the densely populated buildings can perhaps be seen as reflective on the working-class history of this part of the city. 

La Rambles in the site of many historic markets, particularly flower and animal markets; the trade of animals was removed just 5-6 years ago, whilst many fresh flowers can still be seen on sale. Until 10 years ago local residents continued to uphold opposition to tourist-based activity; they wanted to keep the authentic identity of the street with local cafes, and shops selling goods targeted at locals. They have now surrendered to the growing tourism industry and it is clear the landscape is entirely focused on tourism, dominated by stalls selling food on the go and souvenirs, museums, attractions and restaurants
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-10 09:20 41.382085 2.172424 10/04/2019 11:19:00 Photograph This image shows Mercardo de La Boqueria; similarly, to Las Rambles this was a site historically utilized by locals for their weekly shopping however due to the influx of tourism into the city this is now not the case and it has become more of tourist attraction. Traditionally the site would have been a meat market, and although the market is still dominated by food stalls it is clear when looking at the products on sale they have become targeted much more towards tourists.

In addition to the alteration to products being sold there has also been a change in audience; due to the growing tourist interest in the market very few locals now trek through tourist crowds to shop and instead go elsewhere to buy their groceries.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-10 09:24 41.381882 2.172027 10/04/2019 11:24:00 Informal Interview I asked the stall owner where his products came from and he explained the oysters he was selling came from Galicia Spain (western coast) and kept repeating the words "the best" whilst explaining that I would find no better Oysters in the market - this suggested that he was proud of his products. I asked him if he sold many Oysters and to whom, from what he said he sold very few to tourists because they wanted to eat in restaurants not cook for themselves because "they are on holiday" and he laughed. He also offered to show me how to open the Oysters which suggested that he was aware that tourists have limited local knowledge of local foods.  
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-10 10:10 41.37904 2.174141 10/04/2019 12:09:00 Photograph The building shown is one of the earliest pieces of Gaudi's work; originally built as a mansion. The architecture is indicative of the Romantic movement; the architecture has intricate with detail rather than straight lines and intends to illicit feelings of naturalness despite being built in a densely populated city.
- The aim of architecture during the romantic movement was to prompt Catalan modernism, buildings like these reflects the feeling of artists, poets and intellectuals towards the city. This building is found off La Rambles which was a hub for artists, academics, poets etc. during the cold war and so it makes sense that architecture similar reflecting romanticism is found in the surrounding area.
- This building shows Gaudi's attempt to redesign the city and create architecture that reflects Catalan history, which in academia written in the late 19th century is strongly associated with natural environments; which is what the building aims to provoke thoughts of.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-10 10:43 41.381251 2.181684 10/04/2019 12:43:00 Photograph - The Post Office was designed by an early 20th century rival group who were part of the 'new century movement'; those whom associated with it had an issue with the romantic movement,  Catalan modernism the whimsical ideas that could be tied to both.
- Those that opposed romanticism argued that many Catalan ideas and styles had come from Greece, Rome and geographically similar areas and this should be reflected in the architecture.
- This post office was heavily influenced by ideas associated with the new century movement; to some extent these values can be linked to romanticism to some extent, but  they also reflect more structure and take more ideas from Greece and Rome ‚Äì this is shown through architecture in the use of the pillars.
- One of few examples in the city that utilizes this kind of architecture rather than romanticism
- This building is a stamp on the city that writes in an alternative view of Catalonia; importance of encoding through architecture.
Copy post office notes
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-10 13:48 41.377181 2.190822 10/04/2019 13:48:00 Informal Interview The waitress spoke with American accent,  she said she had been living in the area for around 2 years. She explained she was living in a flat in Barceloneta, and I asked her she saw this as part of Barcelona, and she explained that she "definitely did" because of the close proximity, language and similarity in culture, tradition and atmosphere e.g. same national holidays. She also explained that in the summer both the city and beach front were tourist hotspots and that there was a constant flow of people from the city to the beach which made them feel like they were linked. Finally, I asked her what role she thought tourists played in the city; she answered by saying that they were one of things that "made the city" she explained that without them most of the restaurants and bars we were surrounded by and so many local jobs wouldn't exists. She also said and "and who would come and appreciate all of the amazing buildings we have" ‚Äì referring to the work of Gaudi.   
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-10 13:49 41.377245 2.190907 10/04/2019 14:18:00 Ethnographic Observation The restaurant appeared to well-catered towards English tourists, with all staff speaking good English and the option of having a menu written in English. The music playing through the restaurant speakers was mostly English/American pop music - another indicator that this was a popular spot for English tourists. The tables at the restaurant were dominated by an age demographic of 19-25 years old and it was hard to pick out anyone older than this, there was an equal mixture of males and females. The general dress sense seemed to be fairly causal, mostly consisting of jeans, t-shirts, trainers and light jackets (leather/denim). The food being consumed is a mixture of American (burgers, nachos) and Mexican (tacos, burritos), there is a mixture of bottled soft drinks, beers and cocktails; the price is important to note, a beer was around 2x the price of what it was Girona (expected as we were in a tourist hotspot).

On the table to our right was a group of 6 boys, they were clearly local and were friendly with the restaurant owner who came to converse with them at multiple stages of their meal. On our left hand sand was a group of American tourists (3m + 1f) at one one point overheard one of the boys say he felt "like [he was] at home" because of the whether and the because "it just [felt] like home".

There were various activities going on and being carried out by an equal mixture of locals and tourists; dog walking, eating, running/exercise, photography etc. Some people were alone and there were some groups, but these were often no larger than 4 people. There were also street vendors, many whom seemed to fall into categories ethnic minorities, trying to sell various products and experiences wo tourists, in many cases they were very persistent, and most people began to become irritated by this persistence when approached.  
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-10 14:12 41.38031 2.189854 10/04/2019 16:10:00 Photograph The flags of Barceloneta, Barcelona and Catalonia all hang from the same balcony; this is significant as it suggests that people can identify with multiple areas.

Many people do not view the small area of Barceloneta as being part of Barcelona, due the lifestyle and values often associated with the area. Barcelona has a typical city atmosphere, however being located on the beach front gives the area of Barceloneta a much more laid back feeling leading to some people seeing it as separat. The idea that the area can been seen as separate although being geographically located within the city and the fact that it has its own flag give a sense of community and local identity. This shows that although we are looking at national identity we must remember that identity is multifaceted and made up of lots of smaller communities. Not everyone within a city will associate with the same identity; suggested by the 50/50 spilt in votes in Barcelona during the 2017 referendu
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-15 22:41 41.383745 2.175899 10/04/2019 16:34:00 Ethnographic Observation This area seemed to be a hub for tourists, there was a range of group sizes, ethnicities, ages and genders. Outside the entrance to the Cathedral multiple tourists took photos, there was a young couple who took it in turns to take photos of one another and then help their phone up to take a picture of both together. A group of 4m + 6f aged around 17/18 also took in turns to take photos of one another in small groups; it should be noted that no group approached another person to ask them to take a collective photo perhaps because Barcelona as a city is
renowned for its pick pockets.

There was multiple large school groups of around 30 students; one of these groups consisted of young Spanish children aged around 10/11 who identified themselves by wearing a yellow ribbon around their necks, there were also some older groups who seemed to be in their late teens.

None of these large groups entered to the Cathedral but instead were spoken to by their teachers/guided outside often these teachers read from a notebook or referred to a clipboard. Smaller groups and couples of mostly slightly older (30+) appeared much more interested in the contents of the cathedral, approaching the door to enter and reading from signposts and guide books.

When overhearing other conversation, I heard multiple accents and languages those that could be picked out seemed to be; English, American, Spanish, French and German – the high variety suggests the importance of the site in the identity of the city.

The only locals that could be seen at this site, were walking alone and at fast pace trying to navigate through the tourist crowds, on almost every occasion they were looking down at a mobile device; suggesting that they had seen the sites before. The only other locals that could be spotted seemed to middle aged Asian males making there way around to every tourist they could see to try and sell their products; the most common being umbrellas as it had been raining heavily and was still overcast.

Overall the area seemed to be spot full of tourists, with very few locals infiltrating the area, it seemed to be significant spot which was indicated by the amount of time people were spending and the fact that so many people were stopping for photographs despite the poor weather.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-10 15:29 41.382715 2.17717 10/04/2019 17:29:00 Photograph This image shows the General Litat, which are the government buildings; this building is as familiar to Spaniards as the Housed of Parliament are to those living in the UK. In past months the buildings would have been covered with political party banners and posters but they have been ordered to take anything promoting a political party down due to the fact that they are currently in the middle of a general election. The political party banners have been replaced with a politically neutral banner which translates to 'liberate political expression' - although harmless on the surface the banner has an underlying meaning which those living in the area and current political climate can identify with.

The building itself is an authentic gothic building and one of very few that can be found in gothic quarter. It was built in the 15th to 16th century in a neoclassical style.
Chelsea Prior 2019-04-15 23:09 41.986836 2.824437 12/04/2019 15:50:52 Photograph This banner hung in central Girona is indicative of the fear that locals feel surrounding the growth of tourism in the city. As tourism and the 'second home culture' begin to increase the number of locals within the population falls; this can be detrimental to local identity as culture, tradition, history and authenticity are lost to new tourist behaviours. Often these behaviours are unrepresentative of the history of the area as tourists utilise the city for new purposes.

The words displayed on this banner in some ways exhibit a hostile attitude towards tourists. The political context is significant, it has been hung at a time of insecurity for the city; they want to keep in as their local population so as to strengthen their push for independence; tourists are ineligible to vote it and therefore viewed a politically useless.

The words on the banner are written in English; this makes it clear as to whom this message is aimed towards.
Connor Harbour 2019-04-15 12:18     09/04/2019 12:00:00 Photograph In La Ramblas, Barcelona, a group of Catalan nationalists protest the Spanish treatment of the Catalan Generalitat, holding up mock bars from a jail cell with the message "If they are tried all of us will be tried". Using this tourist landscape to present the dilemma they are facing increases the exposure their message will receive, they wear icons of Catalan identity such as the yellow ribbon, and they sang Catalan songs, when asked what they were singing one man told us it was similar to an anthem.
Connor Harbour 2019-04-15 11:06     09/04/2019 12:00:00 Photograph A side street in Girona adorned with a variety of banners, flags and posters, expressing both Catalan and Spanish identity. To the left of the photo hangs a banner with three messages in three languages, the Catalan message roughly translating to "Live the Catalan Republic!" In French and English, it reads "Catalonia Fights For Freedom!" The expression of Catalan identify in the three languages reflects the intent behind the banner both to express Catalan identify over Spanish identity, but also to raise international awareness for the Catalan cause among tourists, a significant source of income for the region. Variations of the Catalan flag adorn the balconies of residents, some with the blue arrow and white star signifying a desire for independence, others the basic red and yellow striped Catalan flag. This may mean some Catalans feel Catalan, but do not go so far as to support independence, but still wish to assert their national identity. Interestingly three Spanish flags are also present, showing the divided nature of nationalism and the independence debate in Catalonia, even in a city as pro independence as Girona. Black and white portraits of the Generalitat adorn the street,  along with the message "Self-determination is a right, not a crime!" The mugshot-like posters along with the suggestion that the Spanish treatment of the Generalitat as criminals paints a picture that the Spanish government is oppressing Catalan self determination and governance. The posters and the message of "Justice!" paints an identity of repression, and expresses the Catalan desire for freedom.
Connor Harbour 2019-04-15 13:39     09/04/2019 12:00:00 Informal Interview While out in Girona for the night myself and my friends played a game of table football with two men of a similar age to ourselves, around 19. They said we should be team England, and we said they should be Spain. Both of them instantly protested, exclaiming "No! Catalonia!" loudly. We talked a little and both were very passionate about Catalonia and Catalan identity, and were happy to tell us as tourists about Catalonia. They both expressed a dislike of Spain, and were vocal in their support for a Catalan state.  
Connor Harbour 2019-04-15 14:55     11/04/2019 12:00:00 Ethnographic Observation During a visit to the Cathedral of Girona I noticed a diversity in the kinds of people visiting. I overheard a group of three tourists talking in German and gesturing towards the steps to the Cathedral and then taking a photo together on it. This is because the steps and Cathedral were used as a set in the TV series Game of Thrones. I also noticed lots of Spanish school groups taking group photos on the steps and in front of the cathedral. This shows how the landscape has different meanings to different groups, while tourists see it as a TV set, many local children are engaging with the landscape academically.  
Connor Harbour 2019-04-15 12:40     11/04/2019 12:00:00 Informal Interview I struck up conversation with an older lady running a gift shop clearly aimed at attracting tourist revenue. I noticed two different kinds of badge in a tray, one the Catalan flag with the blue star, and the other a white star and cross on a black field, I identified it as the Tricentennial flag after the interview.

I asked her what it meant, and she held up a badge of the normal Catalan flag and said "Independence" then held up the Tricentennial flag and said "MUST independence" to explain the difference. I found it interesting and revealing about the importance of Catalan identity to residents, when pins that some, perhaps the Spanish government, may consider extremist are acceptable, showing the great value placed on Catalan identity among Catalans.
Connor Harbour 2019-04-15 14:46     12/04/2019 12:00:00 Ethnographic Observation Walking around the Arab market in Barcelona I instantly noticed that most of the people walking around were tourists, due to their backpacks worn on their fronts and photo taking. Many of the stalls were selling fresh meat and fish, but most people would look and not buy anything. Of the people I did see engaging with the stall owners most seemed like locals, with one woman holding a reusable shopping bag and talking to a man selling fish. I noted that some of the stalls have diversified their products, with some fruit sellers selling produce that would be more aimed at locals such as unprepared fruit, while also selling pots of prepared fruit for fast eating. This shows how the market landscape is being influenced by the tourism Barcelona sees, and how Catalan businesses have had to adjust to the demands of tourists rather than that of residents.  
Emily Harding 2019-04-16 08:32 41.985725 2.823583 09/04/2019 11:30:00 Ethnographic Observation Plaça de la Independència
People taking photos, chatting, laughing, pointing to architecture, yellow ribbons etc
People walking slowly around square to admire statue, show respect
Most people are spending around 5-10 minutes here
Busy-lots of restaurants, ice cream shops (passing trade)
Souvenir shops-cater to tourists
Vans unloading goods
Vegetation- lots of trees (with/without leaves), flowers, plant pots
Demographics: tourist groups mainly European or Asian- younger crowds, families, no locals
Architecture- high rise, old fashioned, neoclassical style, buildings in a square shape all centred around statue- defenders of Girona, straight-lines, grid like style (western influence)
Leads off to many small back streets 
Small barrier around base of statue
Celebratory yellow ribbons/bows accompanied by Barcelona flag- support for exiled politicians
Clear weather, sunny 
Emily Harding 2019-04-13 17:20     09/04/2019 00:10:00 Photograph Support for imprisoned exiles seen all across the city hung on balcony's and trees sign also for support- why not written in Catalonian though?
Emily Harding 2019-04-09 16:29 51.241702 -1.130576 09/04/2019 10:00:00 Informal Interview Interview with fish seller at Girona local markets:
• who buys what food? salted fish brought mainly by locals Vs olives/ dry fruit brought by tourists
• demographics- older locals, low spend (was during the week so could explain this- younger generation at work)
• Is the food local to Catalan? majority of food from Girona, Malaga or other Spanish cities- locals prefer if the food is sourced locally as it preserves tradition
•location of fish? fresh fish from Iceland imported in regularly
• other facts- fresh fish lasts a few days vs salted fish that can last up to a year and is therefore more popular with the venders and locals
Emily Harding 2019-04-15 12:35 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 10:10:00 Ethnographic Observation Local Girona Market:
Demographics: older locals, some tourists (we stood out), old ladies with trollies, lots of bags
Busy, loud, bustling crowd- issues with security, warned by a local lady to watch our bags (by gesturing at bags) as mugging is a common issue here
Types of Markets- food (sweets, fish, nuts, olives, fruit), flowers, clothes, bags and shoes- all relatively cheap prices
Vendors shouting/ drumming up business- good interaction between vendors and buyers: talking, bargaining, laughing and shaking hands.
Vendors- some local, some Immigrants probably from N. Africa and Middle East
Many languages being spoken- English, Catalan, Spanish
Stalls equally spaced out on edges of streets- creating a natural walkway, often next to stalls which sell the same produce as them (competition)
Some stalls in vans/ back of cars but mainly tables with canopies
Vendors walking along the street as well as behind the tables- calling to potential buyers
Emily Harding 2019-04-13 16:57     09/04/2019 10:30:00 Ethnographic Observation Local Girona Market:
•demographics- older locals and tourists
• busy- issues with security (one lady guestered at bag suggesting to watch it as mugging is common in this area)
•loud, bustling people
• types of markets- food (fish,sweets, fruits, nuts), flowers and clothes
• venders shouting to drum up business- good interaction with buyers
Emily Harding 2019-04-16 08:15 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 13:07:00 Informal Interview Restaurant waiter:
Are you in support of Catalan's independence?
So you identify with Catalonia?
Yes very much, have lived here all my life
Have you put up any yellow ribbons in support?
Yes I have one on my balcony at home and some displayed in the back of the restaurant
What type of demographics do you serve?
Depends on time of year, mainly locals especially families in the evenings or weekend but tourists in summer (tourism helps their restaurant)
Where do you source your food from?
Mainland Spain, fish from abroad, some homemade at the restaurant
Other facts-
With their restaurant situated on the high street means they have good business, passing trade- lay tables out in the street in good weather and cook/ bring food from their restaurant across the road (seems to be a popular trend here).
Emily Harding 2019-04-11 09:04 41.383038 2.167362 11/04/2019 11:03:00 Photograph Prior to 1992 tourism in Barcelona was non-exsistent, however doubts to whether Barcelona was capable of hosting the Olympics led to a mass regeneration project in hopes of the underdeveloped city moving on from their brutal four decade long dictatorship under Franco. Nevertheless with global optimism high at a time marking the end of the Cold War and globalisation in full swing, Barcelona was set to become one of the most visited places in the world. Part of the regeneration was MACBA, a museum built in a working class; high immigrant area initially received criticisms due to the bulldozing of historic architecture in place of a generic, modernist building. In terms of identity we can argue two ways, firstly the museum shows off the Catalan identity to tourists, therefore becoming centre stage. Alternatively submising of the city by tourist groups creates a homogenous experience that can be replicated across the world, therefore diluting Catalans distinctiveness.
Emily Harding 2019-04-13 17:25     11/04/2019 11:23:00 Informal Interview Inside la Ramblas market-

Who do u sell to?

Types of food?

Emily Harding 2019-04-13 17:27     11/04/2019 11:25:00 Ethnographic Observation La Ramblas ethnographic:

Chatting- loud
Browsing rather than buying
Eating- fish
Local food vs Americanised fruit cups/ chocolate
Tourists/ locals
Very busy- crammed in
Emily Harding 2019-04-11 09:40 41.382249 2.171922 11/04/2019 11:39:00 Photograph Born into a wealthy, industrialised family Gaudí is most famously known as a romantic revivalist student of the Renaissance; who attempted to solidify the renaissance movement in architectural form. His first work commisoned was Palau Güell, just off La Rambla was completed in 1888. Heavily based on on his intent in the spiritual land of Catalonia, Gaudi aimed to replicate Catalans landscape through architecture from the traditional mountain folk to the sea, can all be seen through the colourful mosaics, intricate decorations and organic vegetal elements. Other famous works include Park Güell and La Sagrada Família: a response to the rock formations in Montserrat National Park. As a result Gaudí has become a huge influence in Barcelona with his work featuring on most tourist guides today and still remains one of city's most famous sons.
Emily Harding 2019-04-11 10:25 41.379178 2.17435 11/04/2019 12:24:00 Photograph Graffiti is a significant feature of the landscape in Girona and therefore plays an important role to their identity. It is from this process that we can read the landscape to interpret social and political histories, often street art comes with narratives or supposed myths for Girona's past. This piece of art known as "Cocollona" by Erica Il Cane, represents the legend that the crocodile creature (pictured)was once a nun who was punished and imprisoned in a tower as a result of her lack of faith and eventually grew scales and wings to escape. However this old folk tale did not appear in any literature until the 21st Century implying it is possibly a fake story sold for the benefit of the tourists to promote their city. This links into the growing trend of theme-parkisation not only specific to Girona but across the entire globe.
Emily Harding 2019-04-15 11:54 41.98311 2.82493 09/04/2019 12:10:00 Photograph Yellow bows and ribbons are a poignant image seen across the entire city of Girona often accompanied by their national flag. The meaning behind the bows are extremely significant to the locals of the area as they represent the support and act of freedom towards the 5 exiled politicians currently on trial since the last referendum (2017). They are awaiting charges of crimes involving rebellion and referendum protests in response to Catalonia wanting independence from Spain. Girona's political history is an important and current part of their identity, this is an image which is strongly pushed  on tourists to create the idea that Catalonia are the victims which can be traced back to the Spanish War of Succession in 1714 and view Spain as a perpetrator. We also found these ribbons at the Garrotxa National Park and backs streets of Barcelona
Emily Harding 2019-04-15 12:24 41.3812 2.173393 11/04/2019 11:23:00 Informal Interview La Boqueria Market: vender
What is your market selling?
Is your food sources locally?
-Some from local areas or Spanish region
-Others imported or brought cheaper from local sellers
What demographics do you sell to?
-Mainly Tourists looking for cheap food or a taste of the local cuisine
-Some Elderly Locals (keeping the tradition alive)
Other facts
-Less people buying from here due to the vast array of shops along La Rambla catering for tourists- especially cafes/restaurants 
Emily Harding 2019-04-15 13:04 41.3812 2.173393 11/04/2019 11:32:00 Ethnographic Observation La Boqueria Market:
Located in the centre of La Rambla- contrast to modern, generic high street
Demographics: tourists of all ages (lots of children), older locals: attend market daily for food to keep up traditions
loud, chatting- multiple languages heard
Crowded, busy, bumped shoulders with many people
People browsing more than buying
People eating food from restaurant stalls- selling fish and meat (traditional Catalan Cuisine)
Type or markets: local food (spices, chillies, nuts, olives, fish, meat) vs. Americanised food such as fruit cups, chocolate covered fruit, smoothies- seem popular- witnessed lots of people buying them
Prices relatively cheap especially in comparisons to the shops on La Rambla where the market is located
Stalls crammed in next to each other creating natural walkways
High ceilings, echoing sounds 
Emily Harding 2019-04-15 13:24 41.382894 2.177432 11/04/2019 12:10:00 Ethnographic Observation Barceloneta Beach:
Man-made beach as part of the 1992 Olympic regeneration and tourism
Numerous cafes/ restaurants on beach front- cheap to expensive
Long queues for certain restaurants-popular 
Exotic/tropical style décor in restaurants
Extremely busy
Activities: people crammed on beach- sunbathing, talking, relaxing, taking photos, walking 
Vendors selling drinks, souvenirs, rugs, towels- walking up and down beach to drum up business
Ladies offering massages- very intense, won't take no for an answer
American influences- vegetation (palm trees, flowers), infrastructure- large/expensive hotels, art, food (burgers & chips)
Culture- Skateboarder, surfers, swimmers
Police presence- on motorbikes and bicycles- security
Sunny weather, warm, little clouds
Demographics: younger crowds- teenagers, families, virtually all tourists- lack of locals- does this suggest they don't identify with this part of Barcelona? 
Emily Harding 2019-04-16 08:57 41.3812 2.173393 11/04/2019 13:10:00 Informal Interview Restaurant waiter at La Rambla:
What type of customers do you serve?
Virtually all tourists due to be located on La Rambla, very few locals come here apart from La Boqueria market as it is a tourist area
Do you serve Catalan cuisine or "American" food?
Some Catalan influences such as paella with meat and fish (very popular) and cold meats with bread but mainly burger, chips, pizza that's what the tourists know and want
Do you support Catalan's fight for independence?
Yes partly, but very divided opinion here in Barcelona- have friends who are immigrants here and don't want to become independent- can be awkward sometimes
Other facts- being on a high street lined with other restaurants it makes business hard sometimes as there is lots of competition especially the big chains- McDonalds or KFC as most European's will go there as they trust the food 
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-09 08:27 41.991248 2.814278 09/04/2019 10:20:00 Photograph In the urban area surrounding the market, the infrastructure is a covered in a collection of mundain Catalonian identities. Each of these have the capability to transform everyday public space into territories. This could suggest that some local residents are intimidated by the actions of this group.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-09 08:34 41.988686 2.815149 09/04/2019 10:30:00 Photograph Spanish locals may come here to intrude in upon Catalonian community. This suggests that the Spanish population are unhappy with the drive for independence that this community has. They feel the need to seclude  these individuals from the Spanish identity is essential. Nationalism of this form does not reside in just the extreme. This is integrated into everyday life and society to enhance the agenda amongst locals.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-09 08:50 41.987474 2.814624 09/04/2019 10:44:00 Photograph Evidence of globalised goods being integrated into traditional society. Hence outlining that the needs of Catalonians is not being met sufficiently through selling basic amenities. Therefore, to maintain their livelihoods, the sales of materialistic property to potential tourists is required. This shows the local scale need to globalise in this modern era. Girona is not renound as a globalised modern city. Outlining that if they were to sell the locational "girona" merchandised goods, they may not be popular with tourists. Perhaps wearing these merchandised goods could be potentially dangerous to locals or tourist leaving catalonian territories to travel around Spain considering the current political situation.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-09 09:08 41.986705 2.814027 09/04/2019 11:05:00 Ethnographic Observation A traditional market, consumed by local goods and an integrated community. Many people failed to interact with us as we do not fill the identity portrayed through this local community. A man on a bike cycled past and looked as we are evidently tourists. No tourist experience evident, hence why little visit here.

There is a variety of different ethnicities, ages and religions. Although all sharing the same space and potentially similar political identities, there seems little unity or integration in these localised places.

Prices of goods and material value shown through people's personal possessions, suggests girona acts as an area that supports informal lower-middle class employment. With little money portrayed, the prices of the market have to meet the needs for this community. In the time I was there I did not see one transaction processed, suggesting little disposable income and just the need to buy everyday essentials.

It has been argued that the identity within Catalonia is expressed through food, yet it is evident here that the possibility to just market the food products for these locals is minimalistic and possibly to expensive. A Coca-Cola van selling food to market goers is located amongst the stalls, outlining a cheap alternative to tradition, highlighting identity is not always shown through cooking. The stall was mainly used by our group of tourists and not locals.

The traditional community does not seem lively, the community are solitary and unhappy with little people laughing or smiling, outlines a sense of a lifeless community unhappy with their position. Almost resentful after the election.

 Prices of goods and material value shown through people's personal possessions, suggests girona acts as an area that supports informal lower-middle class employment. With little money portrayed, the prices of the market have to meet the needs for this community. In the time I was there I did not see one transaction processed, suggesting little disposable income and just the need to buy everyday essentials.

The little urgency within the location suggests the speed of lifestyle is slow. People aren't neccesserilly moving with an agenda or purpose, something you would likely see in a larger City like Barcelona. Missing the hussle and bustle of a globalised city.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-09 09:14 41.987901 2.814842 09/04/2019 11:11:00 Informal Interview As we walked through the market, very few local sellers approached us, possibly as they realised we were speaking English. One lady came and asked us to buy but we said English and she walked away. When we tried to question, locals seemed unaware of how to speak much English other then the basics. This made it increasingly hard to communicate with any market goers.  
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-09 09:24 41.988044 2.815347 09/04/2019 11:23:00 Informal Interview Interview with a active citizens party. Young people see themselves as Spanish as not Catalonian. Younger perspective. Wanted to stay united- to be a pro-union party. Want Catalonia to be part of Spain! The elderly are using it as an excuse to solve the economic crisis. The young deem themselves as Spanish. Elderly want to maintain their money as Catalonia is wealthier then poor Spain. Not a progressive independent movement but a selfish one to maintain wealth. Leader of the party outlined this. This shows that there are people within Girona that didn't want to leave even though the environment is traditionally leave and become independent.  
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-09 09:53 41.985567 2.823548 09/04/2019 11:52:00 Photograph Catalonians feel their city is being turned into a Disney land for tourists and Spanish's. Modern Street art was used as a way in which buildings abandoned by the government and underfunding through deindustrialisation could be regenerated. This was part of the process to rebrand the city supporting residents and the government. It avoids the ideology that the urban environment is a "Ghetto".

This process makes a point about the buildings and the social and political processes that produce them. It creates a narrative through incorporating flags. Modern artists have tried to integrate modernistic art into traditional culture, providing a critical way for the population to view the art. It is deemed as a trendy way to rebrand the city.
This can be controversial as many Catalonians want to maintain the tradition within this historic city.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-09 09:59 41.98562 2.823419 09/04/2019 11:58:00 Photograph Yellow ribbons represent the yellow in the Catalonian flag. Outline a call for freedom for the political prisoners, portraying a criticism of this trial. Shows the support the locals have for these representatives.

It is essential to consider that this location is emblematic of national identity. These yellow ribbons are not often seen in the more rural areas (very few were in the market area). This architectural heritage of independence square potentially makes it a more appropriate site for national identity. It is a popular visited site by both locals and tourists, therefore a place in which will gain an awful lot of attention.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-09 10:22 41.983529 2.821065 09/04/2019 12:22:00 Photograph Constitutional square changed name to the date of the referendum as a memorial. 91% of people voted yes to change the name as it was a historical event, of significance importantance to a huge proportion of the Catalan population.

The young girl in this statue, was the only child to be born on the date of this referendum. She is looking out over what the city has become. It can be open to interpretation. Is it optimistic, hopeful? This square and statue act as a centre of responsibility for the political system in 2017. It is a testimony of remeberance of the communities dignified behaviour. Forms of identity and political belonging are encoded into the landscape. It provides a layering of different cultural meanings within an incredibly diversified community.

We must also consider that the plack is held in place by non-removable bolts as the opinions in favour of the referendum are far from universal.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 09:03 41.382887 2.167063 10/04/2019 11:02:00 Photograph Many public spaces within Barcelona are being entirely subsumed by tourists. Infrastructure of this sort, integrates the tourists into the landscape of the city. With an increase in gentrification, the city is beginning to loose a lot of it's traditional Catalan identity, and becoming a 'Blandscape'.

Yet, it can be argued that the use of infrastructure of this sort can be used to highlight and showcase the Catalan identity and heritage within this historical city, through tours.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 09:24 41.381862 2.171776 10/04/2019 11:24:00 Informal Interview Boqueria Market. We interviewed a young lady who has been running a fresh vegetable stand for 25 years. She outlined that all of her stock comes from abroad as the quality of the crops from Spain are not as good as those from abroad. This therefore outlines that the Spanish markets do not support the local people to thrive. These tourists landscapes have become a recognisable destination that has been adapted to cater for not only locals but tourists aswell. She outlines that the market is always incredibly busy, particularly with foreign tourists, which is great for business. She claims however that over the past 20 years, the attitude of tourists has changed due to the growth in pick Pocketing! It reduces the willingness to spend/ take money from their bag. Therefore what was a thriving traditional market, has become overwhelming to many locals, and therefore stall owners may potenially be loosing out on money.  
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 09:31 41.382036 2.17208 10/04/2019 11:30:00 Ethnographic Observation Boqueria Market. This environment upheld a lively "hussle and hussle" type atmosphere. Unlike the market in Girona, everyone was happy, interested in what was going on and spending their disposable income.

The products being sold at this market were nearly all food based commodities, all of which were fairly cheap that were accessible for tourists and locals to purchase.

The design of the stands within the market were modernistic, bright and lively. This suggests that the money these stalls are turning over is far more then that of Girona. Many people shopping were purchasing with notes and were well dressed, suggesting that the tourists had a considerable disposable income to spend of desirable goods rather then just necessities.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 09:31 41.382016 2.172201 10/04/2019 11:31:00 Photograph West of the main commercial street is La Rambla. This area used to act as a waterway, with sights of flower and animal market stands. Since then, a huge gentrification of this street has occured, removing the working class from this environment. This has created a new homogenised culture within Barcelona.
Although a popular high street dominated by tourism, it has still managed to maintain some original Catalonian culture. Within this photo it is evident that these 2 major westernised brands have been integrated into the traditional architecture within this area of Barcelona. This highlights that although the high street is dominated by the provision of tourism, the Catalan identity is still embodied into the traditional culture of the environment.
This westernised integration into the environment, is something unfamiliar in Girona. Where it is dominated by traditional boutique stores.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 09:33 41.381997 2.172027 10/04/2019 11:32:00 Photograph Add notes
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 10:10 41.379244 2.174392 10/04/2019 12:10:00 Photograph This 1888 mansion designed for a wealthy family by Gaudi, integrates design features evident in the Catalan reneissance movement as a romantic revitalist piece of infrastructure. This artistic design project clean, organic and intracate details within this design and embodies the romantic ideology and intellectual movement. This incorporates illicit feelings of nature and land.

The medieval period look reinforces ideas articulated by academics and poets. It highlights when Catalonia was at its most powerful, and is a discrete way of remedievalising the city of Barcelona to reinstall tradition. As in Barcelona, there is not Neo-classical architecture that was evident in Girona.

This Enscribes the Catalan identity in the cultural landscape, outlining the mountainous areas of freedom and territory. Drawing upon this natural landscape encapsulates the identity of Catalonia. This is de-coded through tourists visiting these locations.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 10:30 41.377008 2.179317 10/04/2019 12:29:00 Ethnographic Observation When walking from La Rambla towards the coastline, there is an evident regeneration of the city waterfront that is globalised. This can be argued as an attempt to capitalise the city. The use of the "Le Rambla me mar", covered in small scale market holders near the beach is used to continue the tourists spending all the way through Barcelona.

With market stalls across the promenade ran by potential undocumented migrants selling counterfeit goods, highlights the disparity between the wealthy yacht owners and the poor salesmen. This also highlights the markets as unregulated and undocumented economies, shown through the ropes tied to each corner of the stall for a "quick getaway".

It is evident that these small scale working class market holders thrive off of tourism within Barcelona. Essential to supporting a reduction in homelessness.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 10:44 41.381113 2.181891 10/04/2019 12:43:00 Photograph The traditional design post office, signifies the schism of Catalan independence through modernistic architecture. The design wholly idealises Catalonia as being neutralised and mystical. This ornate romanticism architecture designed in 1914, emulates classical Greek design, something very different to the work of Gaudi. This is a way of designing a eye catching piece of architecture, that can construct national identity. As a particular destination visited by study groups, this is essential as it allows the decoding of this significant landscape to occur.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 13:15 41.377497 2.191208 10/04/2019 15:15:00 Informal Interview When speaking to a waitress who worked in a chain resteraunt along the beach front, she outlined that there has been a huge introduction in westernised style eateries, to meet the demand of the tourism market.

She outlines that although there are places to eat in central Barcelona that are traditional, tourists often head to those they are familiar with. This therefore means that national identity has been diminished by the globalisation of large chain brands in popular tourist destinations.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 14:45 41.385652 2.183888 10/04/2019 16:45:00 Photograph On notes
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 15:11 41.383822 2.182363 10/04/2019 17:11:00 Photograph The eternal flame, is used to commemerate those who acted within a national day of rememberence. This acts a way of re-establishing the National catalonian narrative, bringing it to the front of peoples minds so they can consider the nationalist cause.

This can allow people to de-code the landscape to understand the deliberate ideology and interpretation of history. However, we must consider that many tourists may not have the available knowledge to be able to understand the principle of this development.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 15:17 41.383455 2.181798 10/04/2019 17:16:00 Photograph This acts as an original medieval piece of Architecture within the gothic quarter that has been added to, to embellish the landscape, to make it more eye catching to the visiting tourists that visit this landscape. This national heritage portrays national identity in an intracate way, as it builds upon historical identity that was already there.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 15:28 41.382743 2.177032 10/04/2019 17:28:00 Photograph The vasinica, east of le Rambla, is one of the only original pieces of medieval architecture left within the gothic quarter. Most of the architecture has been added to via the donations or taxes from people living here rather then money from noble figures.

This architecture represents the time where Catalonia was at peak power between the 17th-19th century. As the gothic quarter is a draw for tourism, the architecture constructs national identity whilst providing a grounding for the economy to thrive through tourism.
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-10 15:38 41.384528 2.175578 10/04/2019 17:38:00 Photograph
Fleur Kilshaw 2019-04-12 13:52 41.986836 2.824437 12/04/2019 15:51:00 Photograph This photo in Girona, outlines that tourism is beginning to grow here. As more tourists invest in homes, there are fewer available for the local population. Therefore with a lower local population, the power of the Catalonian identity is diminishing! Locals feel this may be catastrophic to the position of Catalonia, particularly in the time of a vote for independence. A strong community is grounded within Girona and national identity is being diminished through less locals investing in homes here.
Hannah Pullin 2019-04-09 08:55 41.985813 2.817091 09/04/2019 10:53:00 Photograph This mural is of Xavier Montsalvage. Xavier was a catalonian composer in the late 20th century. Catalonian nationalism and the music from this region have an important role to catalonians as there is a clear messages spread through these songs and what it means to be catalonian. The image highlights this as it incorporates the mural and Catalonian flags.
Hannah Pullin 2019-04-09 08:56 41.986041 2.816605 09/04/2019 10:56:00 Photograph One of the areas of the market in Girona. There are many stalls which sell a wide variety of things. Ranging from fruit and vegetables to childrens toys. In comparison to thw barcalona market, this one has a lot less tourism as well as visitors in general. Many of the shoppers are older couples or groups of women. This tells us that it is predominantly locals who shop here.
Hannah Pullin 2019-04-09 08:57 41.9863 2.816327 09/04/2019 10:57:00 Ethnographic Observation The market has differnt sections. Mostly of clothes for women and children,however there are some for men too. A lot of the stalls sell shoes all set in rows along the table.
Childrens toys stalls pilled up on a table and a woman sifting throighbto see if she can find anything for her son that is wondering in circles beside her.
Many of the people at the market are couples of men and women, and groups of women with pushchairs seeig what they can find. The people at the stall shouting trying to sell their fruit and vegetables
Hannah Pullin 2019-04-12 09:36 41.381755 2.172573 12/04/2019 11:35:00 Photograph This photo is of the enterance to the market in Barcalona. The market mostly sells meat, fish and fruits, which highlights the Catalonian cuisine of the land and sea. Concequently, this market seems to be where many local people commute to.
Hannah Pullin 2019-04-12 09:35 41.381923 2.172771 12/04/2019 11:35:00 Photograph This is a photo of inside the market in Barcalona. Show in the photograph are crowds of people shopping and looking at the market stalls.
This was a particular quiet day on the market, showing the extent of the significance of this place to Catalonians.
Hannah Pullin 2019-04-12 09:38 41.381766 2.172529 12/04/2019 11:36:00 Ethnographic Observation Maybe market stalls selling fresh food; fruits, fish, meat and also cured meat.

Lots of people walking through browsing and talking. Most people have come in pairs and groups and seem to be local people who are getting food for the week.

There are also resturant stands for the tourists and locals out for lunch
Hannah Pullin 2019-04-13 18:24     12/04/2019 12:31:00 Informal Interview The interview which i carried out was with a protester for the trials ongoing since the illegal referendum in 2017.

The group he was with were singing songs in Catalonian. I asked him about the significance of this.

He talked about how the songs are National songs and that they are significant as they hold ideologies of freedom from oppression and therefore apply to the current political injustice.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-09 07:44 41.992304 2.813409 09/04/2019 09:41:00 Photograph Liberal movement signs visible throughout Catalonia suggesting the want for freedom. Due to them being visible throughout the city, they are visible to tourists, suggesting that Catalan nationals want they're desire for freedom and independance to be known.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-09 08:09 41.989286 2.815604 09/04/2019 10:03:00 Photograph Graffiti of Catalan flag in public areas. Showing off how some Catalan nationals are showing their identity is important. It is near a park so visible to many, both tourists and an native people, making everyone aware of the strong national identity. Due to it being in graffiti, it suggests that this expression of identity is a show of rebellion from the Spanish state, due to vandalism being a crime.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-09 08:15 41.988961 2.815829 09/04/2019 10:09:00 Photograph This flag is graffiti suggesting that the person who created it is rebelling against the main Spanish state. This suggests that identifying as Catalonian is seen to be a way of rebelling against the state. The fact that this flag is in a difficult to reach place, can be said to show the struggle that people have to gain their identity. It is again in a visible place, where everyone can see it, again making all who see it aware of the national identity that Catalonians have. In addition to this, the position of the flag makes people stop and look, it draws attention to itself. This shows that the artist wants to draw the attention of everybody and say 'here is the national flag, this is my identity and I am proud'.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-09 08:32 41.98852 2.814487 09/04/2019 10:27:00 Photograph "Spanish go away" basic translation in Catalan, showing how Catalan nationals regard Spanish nationals as occupiers of their land. It suggests that the Spanish do not belong and that this is not their land/home. The Catalans are proud of their identity and feel as though the Spainish government are removing their identity and denying them of their identity and right to their home
Honor Blaber 2019-04-09 08:53 41.987197 2.815779 09/04/2019 10:39:00 Ethnographic Observation Elderly 70 man - Catalan national.
Wearing liberal symbol on necklace. Independent display of how he wants freedom feom state.
Age suggests has lived through struggles of Catalonia and wishes for freedom.
Elderly and migrants make up main population of market goes, suggests younger people go to supermarkets due to it being a modern western thing
Many immigrant storeholders suggesting a demographic shift
Many people have trolleys implying that those at the market buy most of their produce here sue to it being fresh and not lasting, but also being a more traditional way of buying food, which the older generations of people are used to
Honor Blaber 2019-04-09 08:59 41.986068 2.816445 09/04/2019 10:54:00 Informal Interview Is your produce local?
- olives are from Spain and Girona, the fruit is from Spain and Australia, most from other countries- fish from Iceland
Who do you sell to?
-many locals buy from the vender. Mainly native people buy fish due to them knowing the fish and how to cook and eat it. Tourists don't buy the fish because they don't know the fish and aren't used to the local produce.
-tourists tend to by the olives and fruit as they are used to this produce
Honor Blaber 2019-04-09 09:54 41.985899 2.822657 09/04/2019 11:51:00 Photograph This image shows a 'si' flag in a speech bubble which can be said to represent the yes vote to Catalan independence. This square is prolific for Catalan independence due to the frequent use of this square as an arena to show views supporting independence. There is a statue within the square, which is often depicted holding the Catalonian flag of independence, an act of rebellion against the Spanish government, as Catalan nationalists place the flag here
Honor Blaber 2019-04-09 10:00 41.985712 2.823467 09/04/2019 11:54:00 Photograph These yellow ribbons for the liberation of politicians involved in creating the Catalonia independence vote are very prolific in this area, more so than near the hotel. Being in this square means that they will be more visible to all, including tourists.
The yellow is a well known symbol universally used for liberal and a liberal movement. Tourists will recognise this symbol as a sign for liberalism and freedom
Honor Blaber 2019-04-09 10:25 41.983801 2.820792 09/04/2019 12:19:00 Photograph Memorial plaque for October 1 2017 referendum stating the violence that took place to try and prevent people voting. It is attached to the wall by non-removal bolts to stop people from trying to remove the plaque. Even though it is thought by many it is a thought had by all. The script on the plaque is in different languages to ensure that many people can understand the plaque. This plaque has put a new history on the square, as it is changing the origin history of the square being constitution square to October 1 2017 square. The square was called constitution square due to it remembering the when the constitution was agreed. Within the constitution it states that Catalonia will be an autonomous state. As a result of the violence that took place in 2017, and people being stopped from voting, the square was renamed. This was an act of defiance from the Catalan nationals, as the government is not acting in accordance with the constitution, which was voted on by all.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-09 10:35 41.982711 2.823207 09/04/2019 12:31:00 Photograph This flag shows the support that many Catalan nationalists have for the politicians involved in the Catalan independence vote. The fact that it is in a visible place means that many will see this support and understand the political issues and the political stance of many Catalan nationalists.
The fact that the text is in English suggests that many tourists and visitors will see this sign and understand with the political message that is trying to be sent. Those who put this flag in place want all to understand that they identify as Catalonian and not Spanish.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-09 16:35 41.997795 2.817152 09/04/2019 16:30:00 Photograph This image shows the strong identity that Catalan nationalists have. It is saying that even though the independence referendum was unsuccessful, it does not mean that Catalonia will give up it's fight for independence and autonomy. In addition to this, the graffiti also shows that people will not give up the fight to release the politicians who were involved with the referendum. In this sense national identity is stronger now, and people are willing to fight more for it.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-10 07:28 41.986165 2.820933 10/04/2019 09:27:00 Photograph
Honor Blaber 2019-04-10 12:38 41.415406 2.152037 10/04/2019 14:37:00 Photograph Expressing their political doviews es in a very public place
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 09:03 41.383046 2.167421 11/04/2019 11:02:00 Photograph The museum of modern art in Barcelona was created after the Olympics. It is a modern building which does not keep the character of the surrounding area, which has narrow historical streets, contrasting the museum. Some of this historical architecture was demolished to make way for the museum. It was created as a way to increase income, tourism and make Barcelona more prolific in the world. There is a large migrant population in this area who still seek to carry out cultural activities, such as cricket and skateboarding. These activities were banned so it can be said that the culture of this area is changing. In contrast to this, many Catalan artists display work in the museum, it can be said that through this is is supporting the needs of Catalan nationals. However, it can also be said that through the regeneration Barcelona is becoming a homogenised, changing and diluting Catalan identity, showcasing it to the world.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 09:03 41.382828 2.167386 11/04/2019 11:03:00 Photograph This step monument shows the Catalan identity. It is a monument to Francesc Macia. Catalan identity is shown through this monument as it depicts the victimisation of Catalonia at the hands of the Spanish regime. Macia fought against a fascist dictatorship in the 20s, and became the voice of the people of Catalonia. In 31 broad autonomy of Catalonia was given. In 39 this autonomy was removed due to the Franco dictatorship and civil war. The steps represent the steps taken to get Catalan autonomy.
The inversion of the steps show how the autonomy which was given was removed and the identity of Catalonia has been hard worked for.
The monument is an endorsement of Catalonia is being independent, individual, separate and distinct.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 09:06 41.383558 2.168615 11/04/2019 11:06:00 Photograph
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 09:19 41.382012 2.172271 11/04/2019 11:18:00 Photograph Traditional market selling meats, fish, desserts, fruit and vegetables. These markets are becoming more commercialised and changing from traditional markets to support tourist needs as well as the traditional needs of local people. Local people use the market to buy everyday foods like fresh fruit and meats. These venders mainly sell to local people because tourists will not buy joints of meat. These traditional venders try to keep the identity of Catalonia and the traditional markets that they have. However, some venders do cater to the needs of tourists through selling ice creams. In this instance, it seems that the needs of tourists and local people are being balanced, as market venders are selling to everyone.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 09:26 41.381412 2.172075 11/04/2019 11:24:00 Informal Interview At the meat van - the tourists tend to buy the snacks due to them only wanting something small and quick to eat. Like they want a small taste of traditional food. Tourists also tend to look at what is on offer rather than buy because they are not used to the products available.
Local people buy the larger joints of meat because they know how to cook it and what to do with it.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 09:29 41.38191 2.171957 11/04/2019 11:26:00 Ethnographic Observation Tourists tend to buy the tourist stuff and don't go further in, or if they do they don't tend to buy anything, this is where more local people go.
Local people go further in because these venders sell more traditional produce that local people are used to and want.
Some venders do not speak English suggesting that they do not get many tourists.
Tourists tend to just look and take pictures, suggests that they are not used to the market and this type of lifestyle. It is unique and obscure to them
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 10:26 41.379037 2.17403 11/04/2019 12:19:00 Photograph Palau Guell
Romantic revivalist interested in mystical and spiritual heartland of Catalonia, mountain folk and being defined by this rural geography, showing distinct territorial identity. Gaudi was part of the Catalan architectural movement, which had an identity that was purely Catalonian. There are organic vegetal motifs, resembling the vegetal nature of Catalonian identity.
The spirals are there to mimic the rock formation of Montserrat, an expression of Catalan identity residing in natural landscape.
Gaudi was one of Barcelona's most famous sons, and has a distinct local identy which gaudi is part of, articulagting it to a broad international audience.
Does it inform people of their own identity as well as informing tourists
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 10:46 41.375806 2.179322 11/04/2019 12:41:00 Photograph Attempt to promote tourism further from las ramblas. An extension to las ramblas to increase tourist consumption to increase the economic wealth of Barcelona. But does this increase the homogenous nature of Barcelona. Is it diluting the identity of Catalonia whilst trying to increase the amount of income being generated
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 11:04 41.381309 2.18164 11/04/2019 12:58:00 Photograph Barcelona central post office- designed by Josep Goday I Casals.

Divide between intellectuals, new century. These new intellectuals were critical of the new romance movement, due to it being too mystical 'romantic nonsense' and say that Catalan identity should be understood as terms of classical ideals that came from across the seas like those from the Romans. Not through rromantic poetry, but political, philosophic process, more hard ideals.
We begin to see expressions of neo-classical ideals and elements. The columns are typical of neo-classical architectural elements. The figures show possessions which resemble more serious minded classical terms.
This is not on the tourist trail, they mainly use Gaudi to see Catalan identity, a simplifying of their identity rather than understanding the whole picture, which includes this classical identity too.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 12:03 41.401023 2.169969 11/04/2019 14:01:00 Ethnographic Observation In the centre of Barcelona minimal amount of Catalonia and liberal signs. These gradually increase the further from the centre you go  
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 12:21 41.403911 2.175137 11/04/2019 14:20:00 Photograph Cathedral
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 14:46 41.383041 2.18377 11/04/2019 16:46:00 Photograph This banner shows how some Catalan nationals are embracing their identity of being Catalan. By supporting those who were part of organising the independence referendum, they are supporting the idea of referendum and being independent from the Spanish government. Their identity is Catalonian not Spanish.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 15:29 41.383705 2.182399 11/04/2019 17:25:00 Photograph Made in the 80s
On 11 September is a commemoration for the soldiers who's live were lost in the 1714 war.
Catalan political movement gained popularity and the independence movement became more known nationwide. As this happened there was more support for Catalan independence.
Not on traditional tourist route, so not there for tourists, but instead for the locals who are here, as part of their memory and identity.
Remnants of yellow stickers, is it a battleground for people projecting their views and others disagreeing and taking them down
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 15:34 41.383416 2.181847 11/04/2019 17:31:00 Photograph Medieval gothic
11th and 14th century's
At the time Catalonia was part of trading significance.
Completely and authentically medieval gothic architecture.
This was not built with nobel money, but donations and contributions from local people. Gothic style is precisely what Gaudi was emulating in New form of architectural movement.
Re-imagining cultural memory.
Catalan modernism is neo-gothic architecture.
Honor Blaber 2019-04-11 15:46 41.382771 2.177134 11/04/2019 17:42:00 Photograph Catalan government building
Not a gothic building, but still medieval.
The history of architecture shows the history of revolutions.
Banner talking about political issues about Catalan independence. The national election cycle said to remove any overt political banners, so have put a generic political statement up. However, this clearly reflects the independence issue and freedom of political figures.
Josep 'Catalans I am here' is a simple phrase, but everyone knows what it means. Epicentre of Catalan political institution.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-15 10:27     09/04/2019 10:17:00 Ethnographic Observation People visiting the food stall continued:

- Food stalls seem to be very busy comapred with other non food related stalls, this may be due to the fact it's a Tuesday and the beginning of the week so people are carrying out their weekly food shop

- People may prefer buying locally sourced goods from stalls rather than big supermarkets - idea of a community investment rather than supporting big TNC's. This would have to be critically studied though as it is wrong to assume that all goods are sourced locally, or even that people know where the goods come from. This can be uncovered in informal interview with people at the market.

- Not many tourists are found here, and you can tell that the presence of tousuts is rare with us as English researchers standing out from the crowd with many people staring at us as outsiders.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-15 10:27     09/04/2019 10:17:00 Ethnographic Observation People visiting the food market continued:

- Younger generations may be at school or working during the week so this must also be considered as to why there are more older popualtions present

- People seem to come to this stall and buy specific goods, almost as if they shop here regularly. Perhaps the goods being sold at the market are not sold in other places so this could be a pull factor for the market.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-09 09:16 41.986222 2.816692 09/04/2019 10:44:00 Ethnographic Observation Meat Stall at the market:

Food Stalls

- Wide range of food, mainly meats and sausages which are native and typically Spanish
- Food is well packaged and ready for customers to take away (perhaps local people do their weekly meat shop from this stall)
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-09 09:17 41.98849 2.815518 09/04/2019 11:17:00 Ethnographic Observation Meat stall market:

People visiting and shopping at the market:

- More middle classed, well dressed customers compared to other stalls - not many young people surrounding this stall. Perhaps the younger generation engage more with westernised multinational food stores like Carrefour and Mercadona rather than going to local markets. This may depict the idea that the Catalan national identity and ways of tardional life are reducing and becoming less significant with younger populations. This may be enhanced and encouraged through the gentrification of cities like Girona with the increase in the availability of foods like McDonald's and KFC
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-09 09:19 41.988531 2.815266 09/04/2019 11:18:00 Ethnographic Observation Meat stall market:

Display and meat market stands:

- Food is displayed very visually, sausages hanging almost as a pride display, cheese stacked up on show.

- Transit van type stall has a higher standard and quality compared to other stalls (this could mean that this is quite a successful stand that has more money to re invest in sales)
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-15 10:41     09/04/2019 11:21:00 Informal Interview Political Party Citizens continued:

We asked the political party what their thoughts on the Catalan independence and this was their response:

- As a political party they are campaigning to keep Catalan and Spain together. A remain party

- They argue that people who want independence make excuses about the economy - they want a new solution from the economic crisis that occurred from 2008 to 2014. Independence voters think the solution to the economic problem is to leave Spain but the Citiznes group just see that as an excuse and cop out.

- This party argue that the Independence Party hold control over the media and public tv. This is done through the government paying to broadcast their politics. They believe this is an unfair ideology that is being placed upon the public and influencing their decisions.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-09 09:22 41.988352 2.815176 09/04/2019 11:21:00 Informal Interview Political party Citizens - AGAINST INDEPENDENCE

We first asked for some back ground information on the political party so we could better understand their role in this referendum. They responded that they originated in Catalonia in 2006 and received over 25% of votes in the December 2017 Catalan regional election making them the biggest single party in Catalonia. They have a strong opposition to Catalan nationalism and want to promote a Spanish nationalist ideology. They are a centre left party that offers mixed social-democratic and liberal progressive platforms.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-09 10:00 41.98566 2.823449 09/04/2019 11:59:00 Photograph Yellow ribbons are a physical symbol placed on the landscape to represent the Political prisoners of Catalonia, and protesting for their freedom (October 1st 2016)

The display of this symbol is a stand against the trail of these prisoners.

It is interesting to think about where these ribbons have been placed - is there more or less appropriate displays of nationalism and the support of nationalist support. Have they been placed in overtly tourist locations to make this political situation known by all who visit Girona?
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-15 11:44     09/04/2019 12:00:00 Informal Interview Interview in the square with British tourists continued:

- The media in the UK is so heavily dominated with the Brexit situation that they often digress from international political stories, that is unless they affect the UK.

- After doing this research I felt that I could understand the banners, ribbons and flags more.

- It is amazing really how the banners and flags tell a story around the city. This physical act of portraying how you feel towards a political situation is not something seen so much back at home in the UK.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-15 11:43     09/04/2019 12:00:00 Informal Interview Interview in the square with British tourists continued:

- As tourists we naturally came to the areas of interest such as independence square and the Girona Old Town, and we were surprised to see so many yellow ribbons and flags on the faces of buildings.

- The banners on the facades of buildings were often in Engish so we could read what they said. Off the top of my head I was seeing things such as 'freedom for the prisoners' (man points to a banner in his eye line). I could place this in context from what I had heard about in the news, however that evening I did feel it was necessary to have a research intro what is actually happening.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-09 10:00 41.985677 2.823652 09/04/2019 12:00:00 Informal Interview I asked a couple who were tourist in the Square if they knew about the significance of the yellow ribbons and what they stood for.

The Tourist was a elderly English couple. I thought this would be a intresting avenue to explore as it will uncover how non locals decode the meaning of this act and how they interpret the message.

Below are the main highlights and key factors of their response:

- When coming to Girona we knew about the elections and referudums for independence of Catalonia through the news on the TV and in Newspapers. We didn't however realise how much this political action would be attached the the landscape.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-09 10:02 41.985004 2.823321 09/04/2019 12:01:00 Photograph Independence square has become a place for political protest and significance - important for encoding and decoding - the statue shows the Nepolian defeat. The meaning of the monument can change with contemporary politics and society
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-09 10:23 41.98378 2.820908 09/04/2019 12:22:00 Photograph Importance of place name in encoding a place. This technique of labelling can be seen as a contemporary nationalist force.

On maps places have two different names e.g constitution square / 21 October square.

So why is this? On the 6th December 1998 a referendum showed that 91% of votes supported a YES to adopt a new constitution that supported a right for political assembly, right to free speech, right to Catalan autonomy, right to Catalan linguistics.

This constitution square protected their Catalan politics and was a physical space to represent this.

The Sculpture present at the square shows a girl that was born in the day of this political decision and she is sitting looking over the square. We can decode this sculpture and ask is she looking out over the square in a hopeful positive way, or in a weary way looking at concern for the future
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-09 10:27 41.982655 2.821921 09/04/2019 12:26:00 Photograph A plaque has now been placed below the sculpture with literature depicting how on the 1st October 2017 citizens were brutally attacked but the Spanish security forces whilst freely and peacefully exercising their right to vote.

This gives the idea that perhaps the girl is now looking out over the square in shame as to what's happened here.

However to understand the sculptures and uncover the different layers of meaning, it's important people have a cultural understanding of the landscape and it's history.

The plaque is held to the wall with non-removal volts - this is because they know this isn't a universally accepted thing. It's also very distressed and battered which speaks for itself in that it hasn't been there for that long but looks like it has taken a beating
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-09 10:37 41.982722 2.823364 09/04/2019 12:36:00 Photograph Restoring the old town in order to regenerate and respect the cultural heritage and put the old town back in the circuit of the use of local people.

Key attention was made to ensure Girona would not become a living museum.

To do this, the University was located in the old covert buildings which without the uni would be unused, so instead welcomed students to these areas of the city to avoid this living museum idea.

The city worked on drawing in tourists through this restoration. Studies showed that tourists on average spend £180 a day in Girona on a day trip from the Costa Brava). Tourists bought onto the idea of sampling the heritage of the city.

There were three contrasting aims in this regeneration project: 1) Tourists sample the heritage, 2) Respecting the heritage and 3) Including locals
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-09 12:09 41.985697 2.823611 09/04/2019 14:07:00 Informal Interview One of the main questions surrounding the local Girona market was wether the food was sourced locally of outsourced from afar.

After finding a work man on a fruit and vegetable stall who could speak basic English, we decided this would be a good interview opportunity to uncover where the food comes from.

We asked him where the fresh produce was from and if if it was sourced locally and he said 'no from Morocco, Catalonia no good'.

Although only a brief interview because of the language barrier, this still helped us to add the the picture of the market
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 08:42 41.38191 2.166112 10/04/2019 10:40:00 Photograph The socialist independence flag, explicitly in support of independence
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-15 12:47     10/04/2019 11:10:00 Photograph Con-scribe on the landscape through coding the landscape. We must ask questions such as:
- How is this land and architecture been read and received by tourists, so they understand this?
- Can they make the links between how the swirls encapsulate Catalan identity through drawing directly from the mountains and nature
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 09:24 41.381896 2.172096 10/04/2019 11:24:00 Informal Interview    
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 09:31 41.382114 2.172148 10/04/2019 11:31:00 Photograph - What separates the national identities is what different food and cuisine they eat - Catalan cuisines based around sea and mountains - this gives them a distinct national identity - impulsive explorers (mountains) that means they want to explore their culture - this is expressed in cuisine (meat and fish together in the same dish // sea and mountain)

- Gastronomic nationalism - not the case where there is one unified dish so is expressed more in sea and mountain idea. Regional expression of where something is grown and how this links to their identity

- Catalans often argues that in Castilian Spain (wider Spain) they all eat the same thing whereas in Catalonia their is a gastronomic cuisine where they eat diverse foods - 'what we have eaten' book on cuisine (1972) - 'a regional cuisine is nothing more than a landscape being cooked in a pot'
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 09:32 41.382012 2.17219 10/04/2019 11:31:00 Ethnographic Observation It can be argued that Barcelona has been taken over by tourism.

Up until 10 years ago locals still tried to maintain a local vibe, however this has subsided and had become an tourist dominated landscape with consumerism at the forefront of everyday life
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 09:33 41.382015 2.172168 10/04/2019 11:32:00 Photograph La Boqueria Market

This was traditionally a meat market but has expanded to other food such as fish and fruit etc with the influx of tourists and catering for wide ranges of people.

Some food is sourced locally such as this fish, yet a lot is imported in. At some stalls you can still find traditional Catalan sausage, and a few intrepid locals still push through the tourists to access this traditional food, however it can be seen that locals are losing this battle as this becomes a tourist honey pot site
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 09:32 41.382023 2.172161 10/04/2019 11:32:00 Photograph La Ramblas
The straight road that is La Ramblas is fundamental to the history and  culture of Barcalona.

Previously these streets were dominated with flower markets and animal markets - buying live pets etc, yet this got shut down only around 4 years ago for animal rights reasons.
During the Catalan resacance period this areas was the prime place to be for the intellectuals to be in order for them to discuss and build the artist movement. Findings and flowers would be displayed in order to share findings. The presence of flowers still remains today with many stalls, yet we must look at this critically arguing has this now just turned into a consumer money making stall rather than a display and sharing of discovery
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 09:34 41.382013 2.172184 10/04/2019 11:33:00 Photograph Traditional buildings are now being used for more modern controversial uses such a this this erotic museum
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 10:10 41.378768 2.174345 10/04/2019 12:09:00 Photograph Completed in 1888 by Gaudi - Palau guell - earliest work in the city.

Guadi  was inspired by the romantic movement - revivalist architecture that incorporates organic motives that represents the nature and Catalan identity.

This intellectual moment rejected neat straight lines for rather more intricate swirly lines that can be seen in illicit feelings of nature and land

This architecture aimed to prototype Catalan modernism that reinforces ideas articulated by poets about Catalans distinctiveness that wasn't seen in any other architecture

This has links back to the medieval period by reciprocating gothic facades

This archetype wasn't seen so much in Girona - eg independent square was more straught lines
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 10:19 41.376707 2.176709 10/04/2019 12:18:00 Photograph Christopher Columbus statue
Catalan declines when Columbus arrived in Spain
The geocode released by his discovery of the americas
Not a figure that shows Catalan identity
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 10:43 41.381324 2.181432 10/04/2019 12:43:00 Photograph Barcelona main post office

Why is this significant arcetutrally?
The new century group saw a Romantic revivalist movement known as Catalan modernism who were in favour of auntommy and being independent but had issues with the romanticism. They struggled with the over fluffy ideas and vague mystical ideas about mountains.

The other movement group 'new century' new centrinians tried to respresnt Catalan through classical ideals in architecture, not looking to the mountains but looking to the Mediterranean to classical civilianisation and letting that depict Catalan nationalism. This created a distinct Catalan through new-classical buildings rather than romanticised adventures.

Decoding this landscape is often missed or over looked due to the presence of tourism and the post offices location on the sea front
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-15 13:44     10/04/2019 14:30:00 Photograph Barceloneta

Here we can see neighbourhood identity in the form of a beach culture which is outside the main circuit of the city.

Although we are studying national identity, it is important to understand that identity is multifaceted and made up of lots of different parts
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-16 15:00 41.377469 2.190836 10/04/2019 14:30:00 Informal Interview The waitress at the restaurant Surf House Barcelona was American but was living and studying in Barcelona for a year abroad. This was a good opportunity to interview a young woman who wasn't Spanish and to hear her opinion on the political topics surrounding the Barcelona and Catalonia referendum. Her over-riding opinion was that she saw herself as an outsider so did not want to get involved with politics. She did however say that her Spanish friends at the University were fed up of hearing about it, and that either way they do not feel they have a large say in what happens. This gave the impression that it is maybe the older generation who care more about the outcome of the referendum.   
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 13:15 41.377575 2.191178 10/04/2019 15:15:00 Informal Interview Copy notes  
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 13:19 41.377591 2.19123 10/04/2019 15:19:00 Ethnographic Observation At the seafront there is a multitude of different restaurants all priding themsleves on their prime location and sea views. Here there was a shift from Spanish people to a real mixture of tourists. You could notice this through simply listening to the accents and languages being spoken around you (American, English and German to name a few).

Here the waitresses and waiters at the restaurants were more varied with some African, Spanish and American. Their English was impeccable and this is practiced everyday with the sheer amount of tourists they meet.

There was more of a young buzz in the area with music playing, good weather and a general positive vibe. The pace of life seemed slower here and seemed more like the surf California lifestyle, yet only 10 minutes walk away from La Ramblas which had a fast pace feeling.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 14:45 41.385511 2.184191 10/04/2019 16:45:00 Photograph El born centre for information

Up until 2002 this area was a fruit market (run down) and was going to be transformed into a library, yet this project was abdndoned as remains were found below the ground.

1714 Spanish war succession, the Kind dies  without leaving an air to the throne. There were 2 rivals wanting to clim territory (Phillip 5th and Charles 6th). A war began to see who would rule.

The Aragain empire including Catalonia won and was ruled by Charles 6th. This acts as a ground for Catalonia being an independent state.

September 11th 1714 - the day the kingdom fell and Catalonia fell into the arms of the Spanish.

This museum was opened in 2013 on their national day to commemorate this disastrous day in history.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 14:53 41.385723 2.183765 10/04/2019 16:53:00 Photograph El born centre for information

This museum was used in a poignant way in 2014 through holding a advisory referendum (300 years since Catalonia's doomsday) this building was used as a narrative to depict the Spanish victimisation of Catalonia. They are saying they need to break away from the Spanish state and use this history as a reason why, and set this information inside a museum so people can learn about their past and help them to vote for independence.

This is an example of where tourism and history collide in using the tourism landscape in the form of a Museum to explain historic events that can help build the narrative of the want for independence.

The boards in the information centre are worded and structured in a very specific way, this ideology makes the Catalans look like they have been under threat so that when the drive for independence arrives people support them.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 14:57 41.386051 2.183524 10/04/2019 16:57:00 Photograph The placing of the information boards is capturing, as you are reading about the history and just beyond this board is the real life scenes of where this happened. Joining images and the landscape helps to understand a clearer picture of what went on.
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 14:57 41.385954 2.183683 10/04/2019 16:57:00 Photograph Immaergy used in these locations helps visitors a to build a picture of what happened
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 15:11 41.383847 2.182439 10/04/2019 17:11:00 Photograph Eternal flame and commemorations is a fairly recent phenomenon and a deliberate act to re assert this section of history and make this the version of Catalan history people know and remember.

There is a use of landscapes to depict a very specific political narrative. However this is the use of a landscape for locals as not many tourists can decode the meaning of this landscape.

This was a defining event as ground zero - the drive for independence
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 15:17 41.383322 2.181991 10/04/2019 17:16:00 Photograph
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 15:28 41.382808 2.177129 10/04/2019 17:28:00 Photograph General atat
Head of the Catalonia government

A very well known building and would be known like we know the Houses of Parliament

Location is Very open to the tourist track and a pedestrian area meaning people can walk right outside so is a very familiar building to locals

This is a landscape that is closely related to politics and history

Political banner have been taken down due to the referendum and have been replaced with more general independence banners yet people know the connotations that they are expressing behind this (freedom of the political prisoners), yet technically they are complying with generic texts and rules

This is another authentic gothic neo-classic style archecture buildings in the gothic style
Isabel Smythe 2019-04-10 15:38 41.384438 2.175585 10/04/2019 17:38:00 Photograph Cathedral of Barcelona
Top of the building is a late 19th century

Not fake architecture but there was a medievalisation occurring to create new forms of architecture and to grandise the current gothic infastrute

The gothic quarter is something imagined as gothic. Within this part of the city there is multiple types of architecture from originals to new versions of this.

This goes to show that reading the build landscape produces a objective projection of history and are modified over time.

How we have been taught and how society and culture coalesce meaning of certain things to us depicts how we decipher landscapes

There is not such thing as objective history and this coalesce can be manipulated for specific ideological subjectories
Jack Burford 2019-04-09 08:45 41.98865 2.814993 09/04/2019 10:28:00 Informal Interview Interview with an originally Moroccan man who was immigrated working on a fruit stall. Very Catalonian with a close community.There's an interconnection between stall workers and a sense of community. Fruit is imported from Morocco. Friendly competition of sales, no fierce rivalry amongst his fellow stall workers despite there being a large overlap of similar produce being sold.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-09 08:53 41.986905 2.815662 09/04/2019 10:49:00 Photograph Graffiti art version of a Catalonian Flag. Shows how there is a belief within society that despite being in Spain they actually want their own independence. These are found all over Girona in hundreds of differnt locations. This shows that it is not just one individual feeling this way and that in fact it is a widespread community feel within Catalonia.
Jack Burford 2019-04-09 09:01 41.985909 2.816577 09/04/2019 10:58:00 Ethnographic Observation Ciutadans stand. Heart combining the flags of Spain Catalonia and the EU. Shows some extent of the coming together of nationalities and beliefs.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-09 09:04 41.986465 2.81607 09/04/2019 11:01:00 Ethnographic Observation High demand for fresh fruit and veg. Majority of other stalls remain empty whilst the fresh fruit and veg have a high customer presence. Shows the culture of the older members of society coming to the market for their weekly food shops. Meta fruits and veg. However the tourist based stalls such as the churros and other "Tourist" dominated stalls.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-09 10:02 41.985753 2.823539 09/04/2019 11:58:00 Ethnographic Observation Yellow ribbons in abundance tied to trees lamposts balconies etc. Showing support for the political leaders imprisoned after the referendum on Catalonian independence. Shows a strong sense of community spirit and a coming together of community within a larger nation. Many want an independent Catalan.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-09 10:33 41.982678 2.823127 09/04/2019 12:30:00 Ethnographic Observation Prior to 1980s Girona known as dark and grey Girona. Some areas of crime and prostitution. Has changed post 1980 as the regeneration. Bright yellow buildings. Regeneration to respect heritage, make a place where locals would use and draw in tourists  
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 09:14 41.385539 2.173924 10/04/2019 11:11:00 Ethnographic Observation Heavily dominated by tourist attractions/stalls as there is a hub of tourism around the rambler.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 09:16 41.383412 2.171477 10/04/2019 11:14:00 Ethnographic Observation High narrow walls around side streets with little natural light. Represents the compact and desnsity of how working class population used to live.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 09:19 41.381944 2.172386 10/04/2019 11:17:00 Ethnographic Observation Market St Josef. Historical and cultural market with significance within Spain. Despite high tourism levels many locals still brave the crowds to shop at the market due to its historical importance.
High levels of pick pocketing around Barcelona. This is due to the influx in Romanian Gypsies who have immigrated to Barcelona and struggle to find a well earned job.
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 10:05     10/04/2019 12:04:00 Informal Interview Market st Josef. Extremely diverse market with all variety of stalls appealing to tourists or locals. Fruits, veg, cakes fish meats just to name a few. I spoke to a younger man who was 29 years old working behind a meat stand. Lots variety draws lots of customers from both the tourist and resident sectors. Heavily diverse cultural spread amongst the market workers with a slight rivalry. Popular amongst locals but not as much as tourists due to the pickpockets and heavily chaotic and crowded nature.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 10:20 41.376769 2.17662 10/04/2019 12:19:00 Ethnographic Observation Christopher Columbus statue. Spanish figure not Catalan. Shows the triumph of Spain as a trading port and taking  its trade across the Mediterranean and to America.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 10:35 41.377083 2.179295 10/04/2019 12:29:00 Ethnographic Observation Counterfeit markets on the side of the street. No stalls, all on the floor ontop of rags ready for quick exit if stopped by police. Common for police to interfere but also hard to police as there are so many counterfeit stalls across the city. All black workers shows migrant dependant business hoping for tourist customers. Very hard to acquire a job that is government regulated.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 10:42 41.381258 2.181759 10/04/2019 12:40:00 Ethnographic Observation Architecture has come from Greek and Roman inspiration. Different to the usual romance of architecture common in Barcelona.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 14:07 41.377681 2.191142 10/04/2019 16:06:00 Ethnographic Observation Barcelona beach man made 1992 for the olympics. Sand shipped in from abroad after x amount of years to replenish the beach and prevent sand leaving due to LSD  
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 14:40 41.385692 2.183637 10/04/2019 16:38:00 Ethnographic Observation Spanish war of succession 1714. 11th September France Invaded, final goal was to rule Spain. Catalonia sided with France who ultimately lost the war, so lost there reputation. Ground Zero for Catalonian independence. Archeological remains discovered in 2002 accidently and then preserved and re opened on the anniversary September 11 2013. Very important for national identity as it represents part of the history of Barcelona yet also part of the Catalonian culture. This was a part of culture and hisotry that was unknown and though to be lost until it's accidental discovery.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 15:11 41.383657 2.182676 10/04/2019 17:07:00 Ethnographic Observation Recent phenomenon of Catalan history. Eternal flame of fire. Deliberate enscription of landscape. Tourist area but landscape also for locals and to commemorate their heritage. 300 year old respect and celebration of lives lost back in 1700's during the hostilities.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 15:17 41.383416 2.181581 10/04/2019 17:15:00 Photograph Built by taxes and donations. Gothic quarter architecture 11th and 14th century at peak of Catalonian empire. Not necessarily a Catalonian structure/architecture. Gaudi was imitating in the future in a new form.
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 15:28 41.382885 2.177356 10/04/2019 17:25:00 Ethnographic Observation Headquarters of Catalan government. Open to pedestrian and Virchow traffic. Well known to catalonians as Downing Street is to British. Associated with political moment of return of Catalan MP who was in exile. Support freedom for Catalonian political prisoners. Now more generic freedom of political expression. Article 19 of constitution- human rights. Indirectly stating the goal of freeing those invoked with political reforendum.  
Jack Burford 2019-04-10 15:37 41.38453 2.175936 10/04/2019 17:34:00 Photograph Barcelona cathedral. 15th century bottom third and 19th century top 2/3. Catalonian renaissance. Creating new architecture within Catalonian ideals. Imagined as gothic but includes various styles of architecture. No landscape produces exact version of history. Includes additions from various eras as seen throughout Europe. No objective history.
James Burnett 2019-04-09 10:03 41.985964 2.823485 09/04/2019 11:59:00 Photograph The major prominence of Catalan flags, as well as yellow ribbons in support of the Catalan ministers who are in exile over sedition charges. The yellow also connotes hope and peace. A 'Si' flag on the far left helps represent the yes vote for Catalan Independence.
James Burnett 2019-04-09 10:42 41.982757 2.823113 09/04/2019 12:37:00 Photograph A large quantity of pro-Independence slogans and posters on the buildings surrounding Plaça de Catalunya and the Pont De Preta. The flags vary from 'Si' posters to demanding justice for all in political exile.
James Burnett 2019-04-12 09:39 41.381769 2.172258 12/04/2019 11:36:00 Photograph The view down the middle of La Boquería market. There is a large cultural mix of foods available, varying from Japanese/Asian cuisine to traditional chorizo. The majority of stalls seem to sell fruit/veg, fish or local meats, which would indicate a strong citizen presence as well as the traditional tourists.
James Burnett 2019-04-15 07:18     15/04/2019 08:17:00 Ethnographic Observation Observation: Girona Market

The majority of people walking through the market are locals of Spanish/Catalan descent. Most people tend to be of an older age (mid 40s upwards with some retirees), predominantly female.
A lot of the items on offer are replica clothing of global brands such as Levi's, Ralph Lauren and Fred Perry.
The stall owner in front of us, like most others, is of an ethnic minority of around 35. Alongside his colleague, they seem very approachable to passing customers and are happy to discuss their products with them, and haggle if need be - although their English was very broken a conversation could still take place.
Most people, usually in groups of 2-4 (a large number of individuals too) pass by the stalls with a very quick glance, although one or 2 individuals (55,F and 60,M) enquire about some shirts available.
James Gill 2019-04-16 15:55     10/04/2019 13:08:00 Informal Interview I spoke with someone selling souvenirs at Park Guell, and asked about the items they were selling.

There were items such as magnets and small ornaments in the shape if lizards. They were taking advantage of the unique art style to produce items for sale to passing tourists as this is such a lively area
James Gill 2019-04-16 15:41     11/04/2019 14:30:00 Informal Interview Asking a Catalan person about the basilica, he felt that the building was an important part of the culture of Catalonia, due to its Gaudi design and its funding entirely by entrance fees rather than the state, making Catalonia feel more like an independent nation.  
James Gill 2019-04-11 10:37 41.381733 2.172162 11/04/2019 11:27:00 Ethnographic Observation There was no real distint pattern in the population demographics of people in the market. However, there were stalls which were divided into halves, selling different style foods and items, that would appeal to the tourist demographic and the people of Barcelona. This has seemed to have worked as there is a wide spectrum of visitors to the market both from Barcelona and overseas  
James Gill 2019-04-11 11:25 41.377189 2.188819 11/04/2019 13:21:00 Photograph Barceloneta is considered a separate area from the rest of Barcelona as the cultures remain polar opposite to each other, the beach life is very laid back and tourist focussed, whilst the rest of the city such more with the reality of hard work for the people. This is commonly represented with the presence of the barceloneta flag.
James Gill 2019-04-11 15:35 41.38332 2.181879 11/04/2019 17:31:00 Photograph Built between 11th and 11th centuries in a gothic style. Was entirely constructed using local donations and local people assisting in its construction. Gaudi was responsible for this gothic style as his Catalan inspiration suited the culture of the city at the time, and this building has become a statement of Catalan pride.
James Gill 2019-04-11 11:04 41.381363 2.181572 11/04/2019 12:58:00 Photograph There was a debate in the art style of the time as it had changed to a more romantic style, and away from the scientific and political influences which was popular with Catalans. Mountains and the earth were the main influences of Catalan designs. With this new outlook on art style, the identity of Catalans became conflicted.
James Gill 2019-04-11 15:57 41.384582 2.17573 11/04/2019 17:51:00 Photograph A Christian site is believe to have been here since the 3rd century, most of the cathedral doesn't date back to the 19th century. It was decided to renovate the site as a medievalisation tactic, to incorporate gaudi-style gothic architecture into new projects and to renovate places at the same time. This way the government emphasised on their catalan roots and encouraged a sense of nationalism in the population
James Gill 2019-04-11 10:39 41.375879 2.178074 11/04/2019 12:37:00 Photograph The loss of life caused by the Spanish during their colonisation of the central Americas caused a notable decline in carbon dioxide production in the region. This column was built in the 90s
James Gill 2019-04-16 15:32     09/04/2019 15:30:00 Ethnographic Observation At the Girona Cathedral There were a large proportion of visitors, most of which were aged in the young adult demographic and middle age groups. Many of the visitors spoke different languages other Catalan or Spanish, implying a great tourist presence. This is most attributed to the fact that the cathedral is most commonly associated with the programme 'Game of Thrones, which is popular with young adults and middle aged people.  
James Gill 2019-04-11 08:46 41.386193 2.169764 11/04/2019 10:39:00 Photograph Barcelona is currently split on the vote for independence, but the violent approach the government took to quell the protest is now tipping the odds in the favour of the vote for independence side.

Francesca Macia was committed to fighting the dictatorship in the 1920s, as he wanted a system that divided each province of spain into individual, independent states. He Was a highly public figure by the early 1930s but died soon after.

In the 1990's, This monument was built in his honour, with the addition of the resurfacing of the Catalan identity following Franco's death in the late 1970's. This monument is important to the idea of Catalan identity as Macia is now commonly thought of as one of the founding fathers of the free state of Catalonia.
James Gill 2019-04-11 15:46 41.382685 2.177215 11/04/2019 17:43:00 Photograph Built in the 15th century, the Generalitat's art style is not gothic, which is unusual, since the time period of Gaudi was predominantly gothic. The banner adorned on the front is asking to liberate the political prisoners that have been detained by the Spanish since the referendum in 2017. This building has become a symbol of Catalan nationality as the continue to fight for the freedom of the politicians and their unjust imprisonment.
James Gill 2019-04-11 15:29 41.383618 2.182331 11/04/2019 17:24:00 Photograph This memorial is dedicated to the soldiers that died in the siege of Barcelona In 1714. The endless flame symbolising the

These monuments are used to describe a theme of heritage on the city and the people of Catalonia, but it isn't certain whether the monument influenced a resurgence in Catalonian pride or the other way around
James Gill 2019-04-10 14:04 41.415405 2.152039 10/04/2019 12:30:00 Ethnographic Observation Guell park was predominantly filled with from outside nations, I noticed languages and accents from all over the world including English, American, French, indicating this site as a particularly strong tourist hotspot of Barcelona.

Also throughout the park there were dozens of vendors along the main path, especially toward the main area with the famous mosaics, where the majority of the tourist are located, in an attempt to maximise sales. Similarly to the market in Girona, a large proportion of the vendors seemed to be of middle eastern descent, selling items which capitalised on the art in the park such as mosaic magnets and keyrings.
James Gill 2019-04-09 12:09 41.985218 2.823541 09/04/2019 12:00:00 Photograph This photo shows the statue commemorating the soldiers from Girona who fought in the Peninsular war in the early 19th century.

These soldiers fought to protect their homeland from Napoleon who sought to claim their land after he violated the commitment between the nations.

Nowadays, modern day Girona has embraced this story as a symbol of inspiration, as they are faced with a similar threat, and so they should continue to fight for their freedom against the Spanish government, just as their ancestors did 200 years ago against the French.
James Gill 2019-04-11 09:22 41.381935 2.172109 11/04/2019 11:21:00 Photograph It seems that though the majority of La Rambla has become globalised and lost it's unique heritage, there has been an attempt to reclaim that heritage and original meaning to the Catalans with the reintroduction of more butchers stalls in the market, to appeal to the original Catalan population, whilst there are new stalls selling different produce to appeal to the tourists and the citizens of the city living their lives as normal.
James Gill 2019-04-11 09:20 41.382241 2.172469 11/04/2019 11:13:00 Photograph This is the prime tourist destination of Barcelona. The shops and cafes located along the street make the area the most well known part of the city.
There has been a market here since 1217, and was originally a meat market, but over time became a general market. Tourists come from far and wide to see Barcelona's most famous street. However, this influx of tourism may have created a possibility that the cultural heritage has been lost  as the road has become increasingly globalised with the opening of numerous cafes and shops found everywhere around the world.
James Gill 2019-04-09 11:26 41.986059 2.820899 09/04/2019 10:30:00 Ethnographic Observation Customers at the market typically are either aged between the elderly and the new-parent age group. Most of the older generation are well dressed, showing greater wealth, and these people are mostly found around the fish and meat sections of the market rather than the clothes/fruit section as they perhaps are seeking a greater quality product with their improved wealth, than that which your find in a regular supermarket.

Most vendors seem to be of migrant origin, selling some produce from their homeland which they attempt to promote over the local produce. The large quantity of foreign number plates on the cars in the market demonstrates a large immigrant demographic in the area. Whilst the introduction of more cultures could show loss of significance of the Catalan nationality in the future.
James Gill 2019-04-09 11:39 41.986098 2.820972 09/04/2019 10:30:00 Photograph This graffiti was found on a wall of a building at the edge of the market. It roughly translates as "Spanish go home" with a Catalan flag alongside it. The recent Catalan referendum led to widespread outcry after the Spanish government declared that the referendum was illegally proposed, and thus was made void, despite the near unanimous vote for independence of Catalonia from Spain. This decision by the Spanish government has lead to the immense hatred between the two groups
James Gill 2019-04-11 09:04 41.382924 2.167439 11/04/2019 10:56:00 Photograph People outside western Europe were not really aware of the existence of Barcelona as a tourist hotspot prior to the 1992 Olympics, and so there was worry that the city was unable to sustain this influx of tourists as the city remained relatively working class/migrant population and thus unable to afford the cost of the Olympics.

But the new age of globalisation led to the regeneration of the area with the sole aim to encourage tourism. This was all done off the back of the media attention of the Olympics in 1992

In this square however, the cultures of the original settlers are still present, as this area is used by middle eastern people as an area to play cricket, whilst there is a strong skateboarding scene with the younger demographic
James Gill 2019-04-11 10:47 41.375835 2.179316 11/04/2019 12:42:00 Photograph The area was rebuilt to prepare for the Olympics in the early 90s, however there is a possibility that the area has become 'disneyified', whereby all unique features have been erased and replaced with standard tourist attractions.and venues, further losing the meaning of place to the residents of the city
James Gill 2019-04-11 14:58 41.385676 2.183636 11/04/2019 16:55:00 Photograph This site is regarded as the origins of the basis of oppression against the Catalan people.

The way that the site is open to the public free of charge, gives the idea that there has been an attempt at the Catalan government trying to educate the Barcelona population, and encourage people to learn more about their histroy, and take pride in that. This strategy may ultimately prove to encourage greater support for the fight for independence against Spain.
James Gill 2019-04-11 12:21 41.403957 2.17519 11/04/2019 14:00:00 Ethnographic Observation Throughout the immediate vicinity of the Sagrada Familia, there were a variety of different groups of people. There were a large proportion of people dressed in casual clothes, suggesting that they were most likely foreign tourists looking to enter the basilica.

The road at the back of the basilica was closed off to allow for the large number of people to take photos.

However the demographic of the surrounding roads seemed to wear more work attire, perhaps taking the longer route around to avoid getting stuck in the vast queues of tourists forming at the entrance.
James Gill 2019-04-09 11:46 41.986232 2.820873 09/04/2019 11:40:00 Informal Interview We asked a vendor in the Girona market where the oranges he was selling originate from, he told us that he sold a mixture of Catalonia and Moroccan oranges, where he came from
He works there on Tuesdays and Thursdays from 6am to 2pm.

The emphasis he made on his Moroccan oranges over the Catalonian ones suggest an attempt in the increase in multiculturalism by the people at the market as they are mostly migrant workers bringing their produce with them, introducing them to the rest of the world
James Gill 2019-04-16 13:40     09/04/2019 10:35:00 Informal Interview Talked to someone selling fish in the Girona market, and asked where the fish were caught from. Most of what he was selling was cod, so it was caught mainly around Iceland and in the Bering sea.
However the olives he was selling originate from Spain, indicating some element of combining the food cultures of the Spain region with other places around the world
Jess Fortune 2019-04-09 08:27 41.988912 2.81577 09/04/2019 10:12:00 Photograph A picture showing a Catalonian poster that exaggerates their importance to become an independent region. This was before a bridge near the market so there is a significant amount of people passing. This distinctive poster suggests that Catalonians are expressing their opinion and their interaction with the area (proud of where they live) with each and every passers by. The poster has begun to peel highlighting that the Catalan independence has been argued for a longer period of time before and after the referendum and is still of increasing importance to the locals. In addition to this, although Girona doesn't receive a large amount of tourism, passing posters like this along with many others, shows the importance to visitors and places their political ideology on the landscape for others to see.
Jess Fortune 2019-04-09 08:52 41.987794 2.815447 09/04/2019 10:30:00 Ethnographic Observation Visited the market in Girona, full of vibrant colours. Mainly older generation shopping here highlighting the lack of a younger generation. This could lead to an aging population, so when their consumers move on, there will be less activity. There is a sense of community feel across stalls, with them each taking to each other regardless of the rivalry. All the workers behind the stalls seem to be of a migrant background, and are very involved with customers, shouting for them to come and buy their products.  
Jess Fortune 2019-04-09 09:17 41.986767 2.81602 09/04/2019 10:52:00 Informal Interview Spoke to a gentlemen on the fruit and vegetable stand. I asked the stall owner if his produce was primarily from the Catalan region. He didn't seem to initially understand, instead handing me a handful of fruits to try. When the stall became more quiet I tried to speak to him again. This time, he understood and replied "not from Catalan, from andulicia. Catalan oranges no good". He mentioned that this was also the same for the other fruits and vegetables with his co workers agreeing. This seems to illustrate that Catalonia can not live off of their own produce, potentially causing increasing political dispute over why they wish to become independent.  
Jess Fortune 2019-04-09 09:18 41.988559 2.815383 09/04/2019 11:17:00 Informal Interview Speaking to the Ciutadans stall at the local market. This is an anti-independence party and wish for Catalonia to stay apart of Spain. When asking the leader of the stand, his opinion on Catalonia's independence he responded with "Catalonia is where I live, but Spain is our country and we should all be proud of it". He spoke very good English. He continued to say that "our generations are our future" and explains that by speaking to tourists as an anti-independence group the word is spread, suggesting the the hope to diffuse the catalan culture.  
Jess Fortune 2019-04-09 09:20 41.988383 2.815242 09/04/2019 11:20:00 Photograph At the market in Girona, where there is a significant number of locals. A stall promoting Anti-independence sits at the end of the market. "Catalonia is my homeland, Spain is my country and Europe is our future" is written in English, Spanish and Catalonian on the hearts sat on the desk. The expression of this statement written in 3 languages highlights the importance of promotion to a wider audience including the smaller tourist scene. However this party would promote in other more tourist landscapes
Jess Fortune 2019-04-09 09:22 41.988449 2.815197 09/04/2019 11:26:00 Ethnographic Observation A large number of school groups and pedestrians are standing in the road and on the pavement near the Eiffel bridge, taking pictures of Eiffel Tower in 1876. There is one large Spanish school group around 12-15 years old, all wearing jeans, jumpers and coats. Although this is a a Spanish school their teacher is speaking in English, taking the class on a self-guided tour. All students are taking photographs and notes. This seems to occur more than once with more self-guided school groups visiting the attraction. These students could be seen to understand the architectural significance of the bridge and surrounding area however, they seem to be more interested in taking images and looking inside the ice-cream shops. This could suggest a higher number of tourists are understanding an overall cultural idea rather than an in-depth, built-up profile of the city and its culture.  
Jess Fortune 2019-04-09 09:22 41.988555 2.815172 09/04/2019 11:28:00 Informal Interview I spoke to one of the quieter ice cream parlours in Independence Square in Girona. The lady was quite young and spoke very good English. She explained that her father uses to own a small independent jewellery store, however "not many people would stop and buy" so could "not afford to stay open". She went on to explain that she now works in a "city of ice cream and postcard shops" which is not what it was like when she was little. This shows some of the ever-rising tensions that come alongside an increase in tourism numbers. An increase in tourists within a Catalonian city such as Girona, can decrease cultural heritage, with people and shops differing to satisfy tourists. However, tourism can also increase identity by spreading awareness of the culture and its current debates.  
Jess Fortune 2019-04-09 09:23 41.988399 2.815256 09/04/2019 11:42:00 Photograph A picture of the market, showing the number of people shopping here. The image shows that there is a large proportion of elderly population suggesting that they are still buying locally in the bid to keep their local market up and running to stop the decrease of chain shops and restaurants taking over. This also highlights rising tensions over the ever-changing landscape to encourage and invite tourists to their city, while still keeping he culture alive.
Jess Fortune 2019-04-09 09:50 41.985618 2.823494 09/04/2019 11:50:00 Photograph This photograph shows a statue with a yellow ribbon tied around its arm. This statue is located in Independence Square. Yellow ribbons can be seen all across the city in support of the leaders that were jailed for their fight towards independence. These four political prisoners still remain behind bars, with the trial currently ongoing. Spain declared any referendum towards independence illegal. The yellow ribbons also signify the overall movement for Catalonia to become independent from Spain. The ribbons have made headlines throughout the sporting world, with Catalonian natives being seen to take the ribbons to the side lines of football games. The use of yellow ribbons being televised but also on statues that are attractive to tourists it uses the use of landscapes to promote a nationalist political message.
Jess Fortune 2019-04-09 10:19 41.983619 2.82085 09/04/2019 12:17:00 Ethnographic Observation Outside the Cathedral of Girona, a group of tourists are standing taking pictures of each other who are standing on the steps leading up to the entrance. The Cathedral is tall and includes the widest gothic nave in the world. The popular television series, game of thrones is also filmed here becoming and iconic tourist landscape. Online there are many options for self-guided game of thrones walking tours. The tourists seen to be taking images are dressed in shorts, light rain macs and are all laughing as the rain begins to start. Poses like characters in the show are being done for photographs. The use of landscapes on national television promotes the idea of landscapes being used to promote identity. However, in the case the tourists can be seen to be ignoring the cultural and architectural heritage, instead just taking photographs because of their interest in the show.  
Jess Fortune 2019-04-09 10:30 41.982637 2.823226 09/04/2019 12:29:00 Photograph
Jess Fortune 2019-04-10 09:14 41.383635 2.171365 10/04/2019 11:14:00 Photograph This is an image showing Las Ramblas which is the main high street in Barcelona. There is a significant number of people, both locals and tourists. However, there are more tourists. A number of pop up stalls can be seen, specifically aimed at tourists. All shops are selling tourist goods such as postcards, magnets, snow globes and Barcelona marked items. This suggests that the landscape is changing to match demand from the increasing tourist audience. This hides the underlying current debates of pro or anti-independence, and the identity of Barcelonian citizens.
Jess Fortune 2019-04-10 09:25 41.381878 2.171985 10/04/2019 11:25:00 Photograph This image is from one of the stands from the La Boqueria market. The sign says, 'Oysters from Galicia Spain, The best". The use of English language suggests that the market is targeting international tourists and are not focusing on attracting the local citizens. Galicia is not located in Catalonia showing that local produce is not of as high importance and therefore implements that independence may cause issues for trade.
Jess Fortune 2019-04-10 10:18 41.376858 2.176464 10/04/2019 12:18:00 Ethnographic Observation Las Ramblas market (La Bouqueria) is bustling with people. The lack of space to move is highlighted by the number of stalls. Similar stalls can be seen everywhere you look, mostly fresh fish and meat alongside fruit and vegetables. Tourists can be seen everywhere, all in shorts, t-shirts and rucksacks on their fronts to stop the potential pick-pocketers. Stalls can be seen to have adapted their produce to suit the number of tourists with fruit stalls selling fruit cups and freshly blended smoothies. The increasing tourists has led to this change, pushing out home grown local Catalonian produce as the demand is too high.  
Jess Fortune 2019-04-10 14:39 41.385912 2.183748 10/04/2019 16:39:00 Photograph
Jess Fortune 2019-04-10 14:50 41.385758 2.183758 10/04/2019 16:49:00 Photograph
Jess Fortune 2019-04-10 15:11 41.383718 2.182678 10/04/2019 17:11:00 Photograph
Jess Fortune 2019-04-10 15:35 41.384515 2.175648 10/04/2019 17:35:00 Photograph
Jess Lomas 2019-04-16 18:05     09/04/2019 10:04:00 Informal Interview Part B of Citizen group interview:

The gentleman also said that, like in Brexit, most the younger generation voted to stay, where as the older generations voted to leave, when asked why this was he said that the older generation didn't understand all the positives being part of Spain meant.
Jess Lomas 2019-04-09 08:13 41.989307 2.815631 09/04/2019 10:05:00 Photograph The clear intervention into the landscap evidences the Catalonian public effectively rejecting imperial nationalism forced upon them by the Spanish Government. The term 'nazi' is alarming at best, and really highlights how Catalans' feel regarding the removal of their destinct national identity and spirit as they are somewhat forcing their political ideologies upon the public. Furthermore, the use of the Catalonian flag is reflective of the unilateral resistance found within Gerona.
Jess Lomas 2019-04-09 08:52 41.987309 2.815933 09/04/2019 10:44:00 Ethnographic Observation Moroccan Man behind fruit stand.

Ethnicity: Moroccan
Age: Early to Mid Twenty's
Gender: Male

Competing markets shouting at people

Mother age - older generation shopping - aging population

Migrants working behind stand - migrants buy - home country can't do it do fo it here

Oranges are said to be from Catalan but the seller says they are "no good no good"

No younger people at the market

One woman said Peshka about Spanish people - unsure what this means
Jess Lomas 2019-04-09 09:19 41.988382 2.815325 09/04/2019 11:18:00 Informal Interview We interviewed the citizens party about their views on Catalonia. One man spoke very good English which made this possible. He said he does like the term Catalan or Catalonia since he believes that it separates this region from the rest of Spain. When asked if he feels more European, Spanish or Catalonian he confirmed he felt more Spanish, he said that although Catalonia is part of Spain he feels more Spanish and thinks that Spain has more to offer than Catalonia. He said he didn't feel European and he understands how the English must feel with brexit, he said that if there was a referendum to leave the EU then Spain would probably follow Britain. When asked about what he thought of the violence the Spanish polic force used on the public he said it was'nt as bad as what the media entailed. He accused the media or populising the idea, and that many Catalans didn't want this until it became "fashionable".  
Jess Lomas 2019-04-09 10:01 41.985641 2.823388 09/04/2019 12:00:00 Photograph In the past yellow flags have represented protest and change. Given that it is in this square that sits the Statue of the Defenders of Gerona (spelt in the Spanish way), it is undoubtedly understood that this is regarding the imprisonment of the instigators of the October 1st 2017 referendum. Perhaps, this square which once stood for brave men who defended the city has evolved to represent a changing political ideology within the city.
Jess Lomas 2019-04-09 10:24 41.983583 2.820754 09/04/2019 12:24:00 Photograph This bolted plaque seen in the image is effectively unmovable, although it appears there have been attempts to do so. The new name of this square is October 1st 2017 square to commemorate the violence that went on in Girona when its citizens took part in what they viewed to be a fair and legal vote, which although outlawed by the Spanish government still went ahead. In a way the plaque commemorates the imprisoned politicians. And the child sitting above it the generations of people that will have to live with the consequences set out by the Spanish government when they disallowed what some consider to be free speech, whist others consider it to be radicalism.
Jess Lomas 2019-04-09 14:56 41.981079 2.82416 09/04/2019 13:55:00 Ethnographic Observation Observation of Jewish town: Within the Jewish area it is very quiet.
The buildings are old and the roads narrow and cobblestoned. This is in keeping with a Jewish neighborhood.
The few people that walk through are our group, small groups of tourists no more than one or two people and the rest seem to be locals.
It is very quiet and set away from the hustle and bustle of the newer Girona. Some small shops of the alley ways provide home made good and Catalonia flags. It is no wonder that given what happened to the Jewish population that there is more solodariry here towards the referendum.
Jess Lomas 2019-04-16 18:19     09/04/2019 15:18:00 Informal Interview Catalan Woman interview Part B: I was told by her that she voted on October 1st 2017 and she broke her collarbone (by the police brutality) and her neighbors suffered worse. She views the vote as legal and compares it to brexit, she used the word final and just many times. Clearly there are factions of Catalonians which are young (as she was) that want to be "free" from political ideologies that they do not agree with.  
Jess Lomas 2019-04-09 14:36 41.980902 2.824185 09/04/2019 16:05:00 Informal Interview After visiting the Jewish Museum we were allowed to visit some of the small shops on our way up to what is left of the Roman wall. In one of these shops I noted one of them had yellow banners supporting the imprisoned politicians. I asked the woman at the checkout what she thought of the vote for independence. She said that we are no longer one, and we haven't been for the last 30 years [refferring to the devision of Catalonia and Spain]. She said that the yellow bows represent solidarity from the government, and that the decision between the two places go back to the days of Franco (who she's alleges was the catalyst for such division) she went onto say that Franco was similar in nature to Hitler. What seems to be a shocking and outlandish remark is actually true, given that the two bombed a Spanish town, killing numerous people to "practice".  
Jess Lomas 2019-04-10 10:43 41.381249 2.181664 10/04/2019 12:43:00 Photograph The Columbus statue looms above everything and marks the head of the Los Ramblas in Barcelona. There is no true origin of Columbus, many people claim he is from a different country, but the Spanish have the best claim since they funded his Treks to the "new world". However although Columbus is an icon of exploration he is also one of mass murder and destruction. This perhaps serves as an all to poignant reminder the Catalonians. However it is also a tourist landmark that serves to influence the landscape and remind visitors of the importance of Spain.
Jess Lomas 2019-04-10 13:15 41.377559 2.191276 10/04/2019 15:15:00 Ethnographic Observation Observation of Barcelona bay/beach:
The area is heavy with tourists.
The food is more expensive here than in Girona which is indicative of a tourist area but also the popularity of the area. Interestingly more people speak English here, the waiter who served us for lunch spoke perfect English and was actually Polish not Spanish. It seems that Barcelona much like London is home to many more immigrants than more rural areas like Girona.
Jess Lomas 2019-04-10 13:16 41.377538 2.191247 10/04/2019 15:16:00 Photograph Statue picture
Jess Lomas 2019-04-10 14:17 41.381845 2.188034 10/04/2019 16:17:00 Photograph The image shows that in what seems the be the "heart" or Catalonia, solidarity for the imprisoned politician. The use of every window is steicking and immediately captures peoples attention. It is clear that many consider the imprisonment and what seems to be a drawn out trial to be unfair and unjust.
Jess Lomas 2019-04-10 15:08 41.385152 2.183208 10/04/2019 17:07:00 Photograph The flags present outside the museaum demonstrates to passers by that the museum is perhaps more from a Catalan perspective that a Spanish one. It perhaps acts to serve as a reminder that this is one of the places that the original Catalonian rights and constitutions were abolished during the war of the Spanish succession. It seems that history is repeating itself and with the help of places like this more and more people are remembering.
Jess Lomas 2019-04-10 15:18 41.383462 2.181809 10/04/2019 17:17:00 Photograph Here the gothic church within the gothic area, this is key tourist area. This is the Basilica de Santa de Maria del mar, a lot of what is typically seen has been edited (neogothical) this is one of the few genuine pieces of original gothic piece of architecture. This was built between the 11th and 14th centuries built via taxes and donations by local people, during the height of the Catalan.
Jess Lomas 2019-04-10 15:42 41.383646 2.174682 10/04/2019 17:41:00 Ethnographic Observation Walking back towards the Los Ramblas we come across a large number rod school students which are all wearing yellow ribbons. It perhaps acts as a reminder that this issue of freedom and personal identity can be replicated anywhere thus influencing the landscape. Since many other tourists were stopping and looking and taking pictures. Perhaps over time media influence could heavily impact any future outcomes regarding another referendum.  
Katie Tucker 2019-04-09 21:56     09/04/2019 23:54:00 Photograph ‘Sea and mountain’ - Catalan main resources from the ‘sea’ which is fish and ‘mountain’ meat.Catalan - ‘sea and mountain’ - one dish food arrive from that comes from that distant place - distance national identity coastal nature impulsive explorers, unified by eating (one) the same dish, take pride in the variety of way to cook the dish, farming links into it, mushrooms and apples, broad and rich resources. 
Katie Tucker 2019-04-10 09:34 41.381996 2.17223 10/04/2019 11:32:00 Ethnographic Observation La  boqueria - famous (oldest) market in Barcelona. Markets where locals and now they are used by tourists, narrow streets shows the working class, arralembla Main Street in Barcelona, many flower markets flowers and animals, was a water way, taken over by tourists, cafes and coffee shops entirely tourist landscape.Diversity of resources- chillies from different places and lots of colours represents there is access to a lot of resources, highly attracts tourits and locals. Bring communities together. Lots of different ethnicities but they stay with who they know (familiar).  
Katie Tucker 2019-04-14 22:05     10/04/2019 22:42:00 Ethnographic Observation Couple selling fabrics such as carpets, towels, linens. Family work together to sell items middle -lower class. A group of Customers in headscarfs shows religion, large shopping bags shows that they come to this market regularly (locals). Looking for fabirics maybe linked to work or for clothing. Mother (30-40)and 3 daughters (15-20) long sleeved clothing. Market in a woodland, gravel floor pathway in the middle with the market in the middle and the trees either side. The weather was cloudy and dry. The area was spacious, quiet, not by any busy roads and easy to access, street lights, calm interactions, no rushing focusing on what they are buying and on the stalls, some market stall owners are interacting with customers, if they know each other they stand quite close together, more elderly people and adults, spend a fair while looking at the stalls, more adults, parents do not seem that aware of their children could mean that it is a safe place.  
Katie Tucker 2019-04-14 22:27     10/04/2019 23:23:00 Informal Interview I spoke to two different stalls at the Girona market. The first was a florist stall and she said that they majority of their producdue was home grown in Catalan but some is imported from Holland. They rely on selling a far amount to the public to make a living. The second interview was with a clothes brand stall and he said that he depends highly on tourists coming to the area to buy his products to also make a living. The topic of Catalan independence is not really spoken about (closed subject) not spoken about freely or enough.  
Katie Tucker 2019-04-14 22:33     10/04/2019 23:28:00 Informal Interview I also spoke to a shop owner about the Catalan independence and she said that she it should be their human right to vote. When she went to the voting place in town and she said that the police were brutal and were hitting the women and men. They want to fight for their independence. She looked like she was going to cry which suggests that this is a very sensitive topic.  
Katie Tucker 2019-04-10 10:10 41.378831 2.174172 10/04/2019 12:09:00 Photograph Parabolic Gaudi Architecture. This architecture helps to represent the culture and sensual ideologies of the people in Spain. This can represent romantic intellectual architecture, organic motives, Catalonia ideologies, medieval period gothic elements, however does not have a lot of Girona intricate elements.
Katie Tucker 2019-04-18 11:43     11/04/2019 12:35:00 Photograph This photograph shows that Catalan business are using even opportunity to get their voice heard. On this menu it has a stamp saying 'Freedom for Catalonia' this suggests that they are trying to get more people involved and to make the issue public because tourists and locals will be visiting the restaurant and will see the menus with that stamp on. This will especially make the tourists ask questions to try and understand this matter. It will make them aware of the Catalonian wanting independence.
Katie Tucker 2019-04-18 11:52     11/04/2019 12:43:00 Photograph This graffiti is a symbol for Catalonia's independence. Around Girona there were lots of these symbols in ribbons, artwork, on signs/ lamp posts, letter boxes. This suggests that is widely known by the locals and especially by tourists. This is because this symbol is simple but dramatic as the yellow ribbon is on the landscape of Girona. This helps to identify Catalonia as a region that takes pride in its unique architecture and rural mountaous, historic landscapes.
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-09 09:16 41.98834 2.815251 09/04/2019 11:16:00 Ethnographic Observation The market consisted of mainly elderly locals. People were stopping to talk to eachother and interacting with sellers. Catalan was the prominent language with little understanding English. There was a clear sense of community and a place we're people socialise.
A lady stopped to tell us to protect our bags, clearly pickpocketing was a problem in the area.
Everything was relatively cheap, the locals were mainly selling fruit/veg and meat, these stalls were busier. Whereas, the migrant population were selling smaller low quality household items and fake designer clothing which were very quiet. This could suggest the migrant population have less money, were involved in selling counterfeit products or there was a divide between the local and migrant population.
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-09 09:18 41.988164 2.815605 09/04/2019 11:18:00 Informal Interview I talked to a fruit and veg salesman who was friendly and welcoming towards us. He said that business was getting harder and product quality was getting worse showing a decline in the area. Most of the food was cheap and poor quality, it was shipped in from Morocco this could suggest the area has a lower average income. He explained how the market still sold local delicacies such as salted fish and honey which represent the Catalan identity and how the market is an important part of many Catalans social lives as many meet and interact there. He also explained how there was tension between the migrant population and some locals because of crime and 'knock off' products, this could be because they don't believe it represents the Catalan identity.  
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-09 09:19 41.988477 2.815329 09/04/2019 11:19:00 Photograph This shows a busy fruit and veg stall. There were many fruit and veg stalls and these were one of the most busy stalls in the market. This shows fruit and veg has the biggest market in the population. The photo shows mainly the elderly population laughing and interacting with sellers showing a strong sense of community.
As you can see the product is relatively cheap compared to the UK, the cheap prices could suggest it is grown locally.
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-16 16:36 41.978845 2.823731 09/04/2019 13:00:00 Ethnographic Observation As we approached the town centre there were many shops surrounding the countries gastronomic culture. Food and drink is a large part of the country's national identity. The busiest part of the street was the Roca Brother's ice cream shop 'Rocambolesc', they are a large part of Catalan culture as they own the second best restaurant in the world and are very popular using local produce. There were queues coming out the door and down the street to try the ice cream which was an equal mix of tourists and locals. Inside the ice cream was largely promoted as being local and representative of Girona. For example, one was based on 'Game of Thrones' where some scenes were filmed in the City. Therefore, food is an important part of Catalan national identity and is a good way of showcasing it to visitors and locals.  
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-09 12:36 41.985471 2.823379 09/04/2019 14:36:00 Photograph This photo shows the local square, it is covered in yellow ribbons which represents solidarity for  local politicians who have been imprisoned because of the referendum, the area is also covered in Catalan flags which suggests the area is an important site for protest, maybe because so many people pass through and it is on the tourist walk way so the political message will be spread.
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-11 09:02 41.38289 2.16744 11/04/2019 11:02:00 Photograph A photo of the contemporary arts museum. Part of the regeneration of Barcelona that started because of the 1992 olympics. In some ways it doesn't represent the Catalan identity because so many homes and shops had to be bulldozed to build it however it still attracts cultural activities such as skateboarding and cricket which are shown in the photo. Inside work from Catalan artists are shown so although some old architecture was destroyed it gives locals and tourists the opportunity to see art which represents the Catalan identity. However it is on a main tourist route and begs the question is this just for tourists?
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-11 09:03 41.382876 2.167292 11/04/2019 11:03:00 Ethnographic Observation Outside the contemporary Barcelona Arts museum, large groups of tourists are gathered outside so it is clearly a popular attraction for visitors. However, there are also locals gathered around skateboarding and socialising which suggests the area is also used as a meeting ground and is not just important to tourists but also locals. There is a clear difference between the architecture of the surrounding buildings and the museum, therefore it doesn't represent the Catalan architecture in this way and shows regeneration.  
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-11 09:17 41.382337 2.172109 11/04/2019 11:17:00 Ethnographic Observation Inside the market there is a clear divide between local delicacies which represent the Catalan identity and quick snacks aimed at tourists. Many tourists are gathered around a ice cream and fruit stand where signs and prices are written in English whereas, more locals are gathered by the local meat stores.
This shows the Catalan identity is still represented in the market and it is not just for tourists.
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-11 09:17 41.382156 2.17233 11/04/2019 11:17:00 Informal Interview I talked with a local market seller in Barcelona, she said how the market had become more tourist oriented since tourism has become a larger part of the economy. However it is still of importance for locals to buy high quality local delicacies. It gives them the opportunity to showcase their identity through food to visitors. However often the cheaper snacks are more popular than meat or fish.
This shows food is an important part of the Catalan identity and the market is a good way of showcasing this to tourists whilst it is still being used by locals.
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-11 09:18 41.382133 2.172366 11/04/2019 11:18:00 Photograph This photo shows the different of stalls in the market. One is aimed at tourists with signs written in English and is selling cheaper quick snacks like smoothies. Whereas, one is selling local produce fruit and veg has signs only in Catalan and has a large local gathering.
Although the tourism is a large part of the economy the Catalan identity is still shown through food and the market is shown as an important place for locals and visitors.
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-11 11:03 41.381239 2.181718 11/04/2019 13:03:00 Photograph This shows the Barcelona post office, it is different architecture compared to the rest of the city with smooth sandstone and large columns. It represents a more neo-classicist idea of the Catalan identity. There are books, scrolls and atlas's built into the outside. This shows there are different ideas of the Catalan identity a more romanticised idea shown in Gaudi's architecture and a scientific and progressive idea shown here. This building isn't on the tourist walk route so it suggests tourists are only shown one part of the Catalan identity.
Leonie Hadden 2019-04-16 17:17 41.377755 2.191893 11/04/2019 13:30:00 Informal Interview I talked to a restaurant owner in Barcelona. His restaurant served mainly burgers and chips. He said how the food wasn't traditional of the area and it was mainly aimed at tourists because this was a bigger part of the economy. However, he explained how many different restaurants serve traditional food representative of the Catalan identity nearby and the area isn't too over influenced by tourism.
This shows how tourism is a large part of Barcelona and this has influenced many local businesses however, there are still parts which represent local culture and identity.
Leonie Hadden  2019-04-16 16:58 41.980402 2.824512 09/04/2019 13:20:00 Informal Interview We talked to a local restaurant owner in Girona. I asked him about who he catered towards and he explained how it was mainly tourists with cheap meal deals and menus in English advertised. This was because tourism is a large part of the local economy. I asked him if he felt his  culture was represented in the food and he said it was all traditional Catalan dishes  and local produce which gives him the opportunity to show this to tourists. I asked him if he felt the area was too tourism orientated and he replied the area has changed a lot compared to the past. However, it has achieved a good balance and is not too overboard compared to areas such as Barcelona. Therefore, this shows how the landscape and local shops and restaurants are a large part of Catalan national identity and include aspects of recipes and ingredients which are shown to locals and tourists. So, more can learn about the area's culture and identity.  
Max Dennes 2019-04-09 09:08 41.987597 2.81542 09/04/2019 10:34:00 Photograph In a heavily localised market area, stalls are adorned with commercialised and presumably counterfeited products which shows the strong commercialism but also criminal aspect of local people. T shirts with New York and London written on them goes against the idea of traditional pride but shows the impact the world has on their identity. A sense that the community is not as sheltered as expected. Signs also read 'se sober con visa' aspect that there is minimal English spoken. Also shows they are appealing to wider markets, tourism is a key factor in ensuring this place exists.
Max Dennes 2019-04-09 09:08 41.987499 2.814906 09/04/2019 10:46:00 Informal Interview Market Trader, male between 28-35,

The trader first approached us in English due to the capacity in which we stood out, very interested as to why we were there, shows an interest in tourism but this is a very strong Catalan area. He told us this is where locals come and it is a weekly occurrence but he still had a very high Catalonian dialect with some broken english. Other stall holders made no effort. He told us he only works one day a week here and he enjoys it as he gets to meet new people, showing he gets his identity through communication and work. He lives in Sal and travels in so this is a popular place. However most of his produce is from Morocco since Catalonian food is good.  Towards the end of the interview he becomes agitated with the note taking, shows the heavy tension and also tourism isn't as popular since we aroused some uncertainty and suspicion.
Max Dennes 2019-04-09 09:06 41.987231 2.814036 09/04/2019 11:06:00 Ethnographic Observation High traffic area full of locals and stall holders speaking in a Catalonian dialect. Area is spread out, personal space is compromised because of the volume of shoppers. A large amount of Catalonia speech heard with very little English. Lots of shouting and small talking but high levels of interaction were mostly initiated by stall holders. There is a sense of belonging because people recognise each other. People are also close to one another but locals seem relaxed but tourists feel out of place. This is very much the centre of interactions for residents, a social 'space'. Lots of middle to old aged, very little youth. Market trader surveys us closely keeping eye contact meaning we are seen as out of place, shown by a local to wear backpacks on our front. But also suggests that tourists choose to get their identity from other locations.  
Max Dennes 2019-04-09 09:56 41.985766 2.823573 09/04/2019 11:56:00 Ethnographic Observation Lots or ribbons and flags so a call for independence and criticism of politicians. It is a tourism based area but slow traffic which is an older demographic of locals. However, at a later time in the day the square received more traffic and was Busier, restaurants open, strong interest in preserving and promoting Catalonia heritage. It was a quiet area so not a lot of other talking it was difficult to over hear conversations.

People are taking photos and sitting down for a while but no one stays longer than about 4-5 minutes. In the time I had taken to do a 10 minute observation, there were constantly new people arriving but it was not packed.

Little stand out other than tourists because most of the footfall are simply using the areas as a walkway. There was another walking group in the area at the same time as us, simply surveying showing that this is a social hub.
Max Dennes 2019-04-09 11:18 41.983702 2.824082 09/04/2019 13:18:00 Informal Interview Male/female 45-50, strong Catalonian identity, there was a very hard dialect once again which shows they are maybe not used to strong commercialism or english tourism. When asked whether they felt proud, there was broken English and slight confusion when asked in Spanish  highlighting both a rejection and avoidance of Spanish language. But also shows how important the preservation of Catalonian, it is an important part of their identity and maybe showing there is a struggle with the Spanish takeover of the language.

When asked about Catalonian independence there was a strong resentment about the independence vote and there were gestures, because of the language barrier, signalling disagreements. This suggests that they have a strong feelings of resentment and may point towards feelings of their place is being taken away from them.
Max Dennes 2019-04-10 07:27 41.986501 2.820677 10/04/2019 10:02:00 Photograph Near a busy roundabout, flags are dotted around in both physical and graffiti formed. This shows how they are using the landscape to show their strong rebellion against the political agenda. The fact that this is a public area maximises the probability of it being seen and there is a sense that there is frustration as this seems to be the only way they can express themselves but it gives them identity through pride. language still existing despite history showing their territory using public areas. There is however the origin of gangs and violence associated with graffiti but they are giving the landscape meaning because this can be interpreted differently by people, basically making a point.
Max Dennes 2019-04-10 14:05 41.376775 2.177194 10/04/2019 16:05:00 Photograph Famous governmental building has two flags visible: Spanish and Catalonian Flag, showing that there is no prejudice on the situation and that the government within Barcelona are making their views clear. In what is considered a strong Spanish city, this is a reminder of their distinct Catalan identity.
Max Dennes 2019-04-11 08:47 41.38636 2.170437 11/04/2019 10:46:00 Photograph Busy square within Barcelona, the statue of a former politician of Catalonia shows how they are celebrating his achievements and how much Catalonia means to local people. Using the landscape to celebrate identity and shows how important he was to the place. Many however just simply photograph and move on, not gaining a real sense of place or understanding. Not a lot of information available surrounding the figures so as a tourist unless there was prior knowledge, tourists are not able to fully take interest. Helps to show how much valuable history Catalonia has.
Max Dennes 2019-04-11 09:03 41.382912 2.167324 11/04/2019 11:03:00 Photograph In an internationally recognised place, locals behave anti socially going against social conventions, rather off-putting and creates a sense of no control within the area. Shows the youth to be in control, lots of skateboarding and recreation

Urban design, contracts with gothic centre and shows the need for Barcelona to become a clone town in order to gain appeal this shows that their identity has been shaped by the rest of Europe and reflecting on olympics how design and sport has become encompassed into their culture. Growing subculture reflecting how Barcelona has changed as a place.
Max Dennes 2019-04-11 09:05 41.383064 2.168283 11/04/2019 11:04:00 Photograph Shows the unity within residents, a protest against the division that is being created and has universal appeal. Given the frequency of ribbons present it shows how strongly residents feel about the issue. Symbolic of place and reveals that tensions are yet to die down. These are also positioned in places of large footfall to maximise the chances of them being seen.
Max Dennes 2019-04-11 09:17 41.382233 2.172319 11/04/2019 11:17:00 Ethnographic Observation A busy side area off of La Rambla, targeting both locals and visitors. There are hundreds of stalls all specialising in different items. There are lots of tourists yet both English and Spanish is heard spoken. People are adorned with large bags, cameras and mobile phones making them stand out from local people. People tend to be taking photographs of stalls rather than initiating conversations and purchasing items. Seems as if stalls are set up to attract the attention of visitors but little seem to get a real sense for the place. They are rather interested in the layout instead of making conversation with stallholders. Personal Space is very confined and high traffic means it is difficult to make out any clear groups but once again a lot of Spanish spoken but groups of English school kids also are visible. One person spotted pickpocketing a mobile phone from a tourist highlighting the lack of control this space provides and also it is a dangerous place.  
Max Dennes 2019-04-11 09:39 41.382275 2.171963 11/04/2019 11:39:00 Informal Interview 40-50 years old male, good English but noticeable Spanish twang, asked him about the volume of tourists whether he saw many and he replied that it is majoritively tourism based, locals know it is too busy and don't come here to do a weekly shop as often items are priced for tourists in mind. This shows that although traditional food items etc help show off their identity, tourism fuels this and they have adapted the place to meet the needs of others. We also asked him whether he comes here often, he says once a week to meet others. Also asked whether he knew if the produce was Catalonian and he implied a lot of it was imported, this shows that selling Catalan goods may not be an importance.  
Max Dennes 2019-04-11 10:19 41.378885 2.174307 11/04/2019 12:19:00 Ethnographic Observation Palau Güell: A side street off La Rambla, this is an internationally recognised building that brings lots of attention. Most people walking by are locals but any tourists were few and far between, with the little that arrive they stop and admire but do not enter. Any interaction is simply between themselves. Tourists are able to read signs about the building and information regarding costs. Shows that it is also an economic space where the city is taking advantage of charging tourists to view the features that make up their identity. Personal space seemed unaffected due to the streets being rather empty but this could be down to timings, early mornings not as busy.¬†¬†A Security guard type figure stands at the entrance, reinforcing the high profile nature of the place.  
Max Dennes 2019-04-11 13:20 41.378629 2.192031 11/04/2019 15:20:00 Informal Interview 30-35 Female and Male with family, Asked some tourists to get a different viewpoint, asked them about the frequency of which they saw flags/ribbons in order to understand whether it was noticeable and they agreed that they were very visible showing it is a key feature of the place and that their message is getting across.¬†¬†It shows it also forms a key part of their identity. I also asked whether they were enjoying themselves here and they said they were about to take advantage of the hireable moped taxis to get around the city. Shows how accessible the place is.  
Megan Buckle 2019-04-09 07:46 41.992255 2.814468 09/04/2019 09:40:00 Photograph The Catalonia flag of independence represents the liberal movement as it relates to the history of Catalonia. The red stripes on the golden background, represents the 4 crimson stripes on the field of gold drew by the Frankish king, using wifreds blood. It is visible to tourists as a reminder that they are in Catalonia territory. This is clearly a white star within a blue triangle which expressed the independence from Spain.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-09 08:20 41.988859 2.815781 09/04/2019 10:16:00 Photograph Once again there is the display of the Catalonia flag to rebel against the Spanish state in the fight for independence. This highlights the Catalonian national identity being formed within tjis landscape, to claim it as their territory. This sticker has been physically scratched out and damaged, which may have been as an act against the independence of Catalonia, due to the political tension and confliction. This reflects upon the conflict that is occurring between Catalonia and Spanish identity.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-09 08:23 41.988957 2.815831 09/04/2019 10:20:00 Photograph Here is a graffiti symbol of the Catalonia flag. This is a act of rebellilon and vandalism that is illegal. This highlights the fight and passion that Catalonia have for their identity, as they want to mark their Catalonia territory to show that they are proud of who they are and that this is "catalonia". It provides a meaningful landscape, that is to be interpreted by those who walk past-those being local catalonians and tourists.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-09 08:32 41.988545 2.814444 09/04/2019 10:27:00 Photograph This graffiti translates to " Spanish go away" in the Catalan language. This suggests that the Spanish do not belong here and that it is not their land/home. This rebels against Franco's idea of the removal of the Catalonia language as historically Catalonia were told to " stop barking" as the catalan lamguage was described as the language of the dog. Therefore he forced catalonians to speak Spanish to create a homogenous Spain, which exaggerates the greater desire for Catalonian independence. This creates a distinctive territorial identity. Therefore this space is turned into territory.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-09 08:43 41.987154 2.815771 09/04/2019 10:39:00 Ethnographic Observation I walked past an elderly man,assumingly Catalonia, slowly strolling through the the market and he was wearing a necklace of the liberal symbol that represents freedom for catalonia,relating to the independence of Spain. This suggests he supports the independence, suggested by the age of the man. Overall, elderly and migrants are present at the market, most with trollies, that suggest that here is where they shop frequently. Young people not here as they go to supermarkets and follow a more modern and western life choices. markets being a place originally for women to socialise there were not that many woman and mainly immigrants and not the locals. A tourism shift has occured to foody tourists rather than only beach tourists and they want to sample the authentic Catalonia food.

Informal interview-  Elderly get there produce here, especially fresh produce. The market is a more traditional way of getting food. Therefore older generations buy here.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-09 10:02 41.985677 2.823509 09/04/2019 11:59:00 Photograph Here is a statue of the defenders of Catalonia in the square of independence, reflects on tje gorilla warfare expereinxed by catalonia and the the continuous struggle against imposing forces. They defended Barcelona against neopolian in 1809, and now for catalonia independence. Here yellow ribbons and political banners are visible in the iconic setting. The yellow is iconic for Political issues. However this is symbolic in this location for the fight for feedom for the political prisoners of those trialled for getting votes for Catalan's independence, critising the trial and imprisonment. Interestingly, there is no flag in the figures in statue, in this square important for political influence. The meaning of independence square has shifted over time. However it is clear to show the local struggle of impeding force.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-09 10:24 41.983803 2.820863 09/04/2019 12:18:00 Photograph The place name has changed from constitution square to October 1st 2017, which is important in relation to the national cause. The statue of the 1 girl born in 1987 was erected, the day the constitution was announced. It reflects upon the right to Catalan cultural and linguistic expression as Catalan were autonomous within the constitution and their right to generalatat after the death of franco. This was not respected during the referendom due to the force and brutality from the Spanish authority to prohibit voting, therefore spanish authority went against the constitution. The girl can be seen as reflecting on the future of what is to come in the light of the political landscape and the past.
The Plaque is non removable, as not everyone will agree but will ensure it remains. They have invented the history to show how important it is to them and the significance to allow locals, tourists and even those against the catalan independence to be reminded of the injustness.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-09 12:52 41.982733 2.823777 09/04/2019 14:50:00 Photograph Here is a political banner that has been written in English. Therefore English and other tourists that will be walking and strolling through this area can read and understand the message. Therefore, the message is clear throughout the old town to everyone. This is simular to the use of the yellow ribbons and symbols and independence flag, as the message can be universally understood. The location of this banner is on the old bridge, located in the area where the regeneration has occurred whixh is an area to encourage tourists and locals to locate. Therefore, it ensures the message is spread and understood by as many people as possible- that Catalonia wants independence.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-10 07:27 41.986768 2.821284 10/04/2019 09:26:00 Photograph This specific agree art surrounds a popular local myth, about a nun who developed scales and turned into a crocodile which developed wings to escape imprisonment. In Barcelona they talk about the themeparkisation of Barcelona making it the "Disneyland "of barcelona and using street art to do this. Street art encompass the myth and legends to attract tourists. It is distinct as it relies on the fact that landscape has meaning and can be interpreted. The key was the design and how it is incorporated on urban landscape, including the social and political aspects that produce them. Street art allows for rereading and meaning to be applied to urban landscape. They like preapproced places on preapproced places. The big dinosaur was created by a critically street artist to make those who walk past to think of the deindustrialised girona in a diff way. Through the encoding and decoding, we can regard the city as a hip place with street art, through gentrification.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-10 12:40 41.41545 2.152038 10/04/2019 14:37:00 Photograph Here is the independence political symbol in park guell in Barcelona. This is a popular tourist area so that people  of all nationalities can visually see the message. Poetically the symbol is physically on rock, almost as though this is carved into stone.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-10 14:04 41.376697 2.17725 10/04/2019 16:03:00 Photograph
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 08:47 41.386028 2.170605 11/04/2019 10:46:00 Photograph This is the Barca catalunya-statue at the Centre of the city which acts as a Monument link to Catalan identity. This privides a distinct political Catalan identity on this landscape. It relates to the Catalan victimisation at hands of Spanish. Francesca macia became the voice of Catalonia and helped declared independence. Spain found themselves in broad independence. The Spanish democratic came to negotiate. What they negotiate is the political system today due to the broad legislative powers. He died as a tragic figure. In 1939 the democracy ended due to the Spanish war that was due to franco's severe repressession. In 1975 this ended, and the monument was made in early 90s. The monument takes the form of an inverted staircase, which represens that Catalonia is built on what he built and that it should taken step day by day.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 09:03 41.382935 2.167349 11/04/2019 11:02:00 Photograph In 1992 due to the olympics there was attention to ensure that people in western Europe eventually heard of Barcelona. Prior to this there was discussion to whether Barcelona would have the capacity to host the Olympics after the franco recession. But the aim was to increase tourism to the city, as global optimism after the cold war, was seen as a bright path. During this time, the  budget airline and broadcast revolution began and the regenration occured in preperation before the Olympics. The museum and skatepark was part of regeneration. It was controversial as it had working class characteristic but bulldozed to make modern architecture. Despite this, every place has distinct cultural activity (skateboarding) and work from artists in museum.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 09:27 41.38218 2.171889 11/04/2019 11:24:00 Informal Interview In the market in main Barcelona we talked to those who ran the meat van. Tourists will buy the pre made ready to go snacks, however, locals will buy the more expensive and good joints of meat.  
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 09:30 41.38159 2.172045 11/04/2019 11:27:00 Ethnographic Observation Tourists tend to buy the local produce. Mainly the vegetables fruit and meat. Tourists are buying.the comvienent on the go snacks and treats such as sweets, pre made snacks and smoothies. Tourists tend to make the cheaper purchases than the locals such as 1€ smoothies and cookies. Locals come here with purpose,however tourists are generally browsing and looking and taking photos,whilst purchasing occasionally. The market has been here since 1217. The role of market is for maintaining local identity. Before the Olympics, this place was for local produce etc. Meat benders etc are still here and local people fight through tourists to buy the local stuff. But mainly they sell to the tourist visitors.  
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 10:26 41.379086 2.17397 11/04/2019 12:25:00 Photograph Palau Guell - Gaudi was responsible for the build and design of this mansion. In 1888, it was completed and marks his 1st work. Architecture solidify architectural art movement that scribes into landscape. This is simular to Girona where they were interested in architecture that reflects the mountains and sea elements that are distinctive within Catalonias national identity, as seen in the colourful decorative aspects to the mansion. Therefore,it gives a distinct cultural identity. The Catalan modernism, explicitly wanted the art movement to be distinctively Catalan. Organic and vegital motives that are asymmetrical in nature reflect the Catalan heartland through design. This is seen across barcelona,particularily park Güell. Such architecture showcases the distinct Catalaness to a universal audience. However, does this architecture play a role for the locals as well as the tourists, in how they think about their own identity?
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 11:04 41.381529 2.181597 11/04/2019 13:03:00 Photograph This is the Barcelona central post office, designed in 1914 and finished in 1938- not by Guadi. During the capital renaissance, in the cultural and architectural movement, new centresiers criticise the romanitical revivalist movement as very individual and wish washy. It was argued that the Catalan identity should not be about the spiritual homelands, but to show identity through political scientifical progress, from clear minded ideals. The building has ornate elements but has clear neoclassical elements such as columns simular to Roman and Greek culture. The figures link to maths and science unlike the "wishy washy" Guadi designs. The extent in which this is understood to locals and tourists, is unclear, as it is not on the tourist trail. Simply because it is not Guadi. Potentially this building may be simplifying Catalan culture.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 11:24 41.377087 2.188941 11/04/2019 13:23:00 Photograph Here in Barcoletta,it is considered as not part of barcelona due to the beach culture that has emerged. This is culturally distinct to Barcelona, as it is more Californian style. On the building there is a barconeletta flag, which reflects upon the multiple complexities due to the neighbourhood pride that exists here. The beach is man made for tourist strategy, to diversify tourist options and increase amount of time to stay here. Therefore, is the beach an aspect to Catalan identity or based upon the needs of tourists.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 12:20 41.403875 2.1751 11/04/2019 14:20:00 Photograph
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 14:59 41.38447 2.183253 11/04/2019 16:59:00 Photograph This was once a market that fell into disrepair to be turned into a library. But a flattened 18th century Barcelona  was found in this location. This is now a place for cultural memory. A battle on September the 11th 1740 occured whereby franco and the spanish forces commerates the defeat of Barcelona. This is ground zero for the Spanish repression of Catalonia; and the battle and seige of Barcelona, was the Catalan drive to be an independent nationality. It opened in 2013, in attempts for Barcelona to capture the spirit of 1740, whereby Catalan victimisation was present. The tourism institution uses this to present a particular version of history, but may not be correct. Barcelona city is politically split but still key political offices are able to create a narrative. The building is free to enter and information available in a range of languages,to ensure the message is understood internationally.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 15:28 41.383832 2.182328 11/04/2019 17:28:00 Photograph This monument was built in the mid 1980s, when Catalonia returned to politics. It was built for the soldiers and commerations that focus in the sight of the victimisation that has occured. Rehabilitation in the last few decades in relation to this history, bring Catalonia and Spain to political disaster. Monuments are tactful to describe history onto landscape, however it is questionable to whether this reflects upon catalans nayional identity. This is not a traditional tourist place for tourists but for those who understand, will understand it's significance.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 15:36 41.383237 2.181578 11/04/2019 17:35:00 Photograph This building was built in 11-14th century within the gothic quarter, whilst catalonia was a geopolitical significance. This gothic quarter is completely and medievely gothic, as this is not a mixture of architecture styles, and was built from donations and contributions by people. Gaudi was trying to emulate a new form of architecture expression,and so Catalan modernism architecture is neogothic, as it includes aspects of gothic architecture. This is a well trafficked area by tourists on foot, eith lots of signs to direct footflow to minimise damage to the medieval streets.
Megan Buckle 2019-04-11 15:47 41.382838 2.176995 11/04/2019 17:46:00 Photograph This is the Genetalatitat, and is recognised by tourists,simular to the houses of parliament. The architecture is still within the gothic quarter, however it is authentic building but not gothic. The front of the building has a political banner, due to the Spanish authority, any overt political banners had to be removed. Although,as seen with this banner, overt political messages were replaced with generic banners as they had others banned but everyone knows what the generic banners refer too. It refers to the fight for independence against the brutality experienced by catalans from the spanish authroty, and the unfair trail of the political prisoners. Therefore, this acts as an Epicentre for the Catalan institution.
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-09 07:41 41.992335 2.814696 09/04/2019 09:40:00 Photograph Catalan independence flag showing that Catalan nationality
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-16 16:32 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 10:00:00 Ethnographic Observation In a local market in Girona, I noticed that many of the market sellers and visitors did not speak any English and there seemed to be individuals from different nationalities and religions. For example, there were many women wearing burkas and speaking Arabic. this would suggest a high migrant population in Girona and shows that in this part of Girona, the landscape does not show much national identity as there are many people in the market who are not from the area.  
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-16 16:41 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 10:05:00 Ethnographic Observation Many of the food stalls in the market in Girona, sell a lot of meat and fish. It is known that the Catalan diet is heavily based around meat and fish and it is said that the Catalan people derive from the mountains in their small villages where they predominately eat meat and they also derive from the sea as their is a heavy migrant population here therefore they have brought a lot of seafood to their diet as well especially as Girona is on the coast. It is said that the Catalan regional cuisine displays the landscape in a pot. This statement clearly shows the national gastronomic identity within the area.  
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-16 16:12 41.98311 2.82493 09/04/2019 11:00:00 Photograph A lamp post in Girona, that has 'Catalonia does not surrender' written on it along with a drawn picture of the Catalan Independence flag along with two yellow teardrops. The teardrops clearly resemble the hurt that has been caused by armed forces in Spain because of the illegal referendum and shows that Catalonia is upset about not being able to become independent. The yellow resembles the yellow ribbon that is commonly used as a symbol for wanting Catalan independence. The statement clearly suggests that no matter how much the Spanish government tries to prevent a referendum, the people of Catalonia will not give up.
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-16 17:02 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 11:00:00 Informal Interview I was speaking to a young male who was from Morocco and had moved to Girona when he was young. He was working on a fruit stand which he stated was a "family business." I asked the gentleman if his produce was local or from Catalonia, he responded by saying "no, no Catalonia. we get best product from all over the world such as the Caribbean and morocco." I then asked him if he would feel more proud if he sold products that were from Catalonia. He stated that he did no care and all he cared about was making money. this shows that their might not be much national identity in the landscape in markets in Girona as there is a lot of migrant population and migrant produce.  
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-16 16:52 42.072872 2.835983 09/04/2019 11:00:00 Informal Interview I was interviewing a young Spanish male from Girona, who was selling cheap designer clothes. I asked him if he relies o tourists or locals when selling his products. In very broken English, he responded that "its always tourists who buy my clothes as it is always tourists who are interested in designer clothes especially at these prices because it is normally cheaper than they get back home." I looked at the labels of the clothes and they were all made in China and none from the local area. I then continued to ask him what his views were on Catalan independence. He replied "I am very passionate about this and i do not want to talk about this with you." It was clear to see that Catalan independence was a very sensitive issue for him.  
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-16 16:23 41.98311 2.82493 09/04/2019 12:00:00 Photograph Picture of a statue in Independence Square, in Girona, with yellow ribbons wrapped round the statue and tree. Independence Square and the statues are in remembrance for the war of Spanish Independence against the Napoleon Bonaparte from sieges in 1808 and 1809. The yellow ribbons are the symbol for Catalan independence which is symbolically used in this area, as the Square is used to remember the independence of Spain however it is now being used as a place to show the want for independence for Catalonia against Spain.
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-16 17:21 41.403479 2.17441 11/04/2019 14:00:00 Photograph This is the Sagrada Familia. It is an huge Roman Catholic cathedral in Barcelona. It is central for not only national identity but for Catalan identty as it was designed by Gaudi is greatly known for his Catalan modernism architecture. Gaudi's neo-gothic architecture has provided the people of Catalonia and the churches with much patriotism and identity for the landscape.
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-16 17:10 41.383946 2.176376 12/04/2019 14:00:00 Photograph This is a photograph of the Catherdal of Barcelona. It was constructed in the 13th until the 15th century and shows clear national identity for Catalonia. It's Gothic arcitechture is very common for churches in Catalonia and they are very proud of that throughout Catalonia. The church name was also named in Catalan "Catedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulalia" which is Catalna for the Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia.
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-16 17:36 41.3812 2.173393 12/04/2019 15:00:00 Ethnographic Observation La Rambla is a extremely commercial busy street in the heart of Barcelona that contains many shops and restaurants. when looking for national identity here, there is very little. The street is full of tourists with a lot of transnational corporations such as McDonalds and Adidas. All the buildings were very new and not much Catalan architecture. On observation, if I didn't know I was in Barcelona, I could of been in any urban city in the world. The main demographic of people were young adults or families clearly on holiday.  
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-16 17:57 41.383946 2.176376 12/04/2019 15:00:00 Informal Interview I spoke to a Swedish tourist at the cathedral of Barcelona who was on a tour of the city. I asked her if she thought there would be more or less tourists around Barcelona. she said that she was very surprised of the amount of tourists and it made the city extremely busy and was slightly upsetting. I asked her if she had heard or seen anything about the Catalonia independence issue currently taking place here. she responded saying "I had seen it in the news back home in Sweden a while ago however since i've been here, i haven't seen anything or hear any issues about it." this clearly shows the lack of national identity in Barcelona and the overpowering presence of tourists.  
Mitchell Allman 2019-04-16 17:45 41.82046 1.86768 12/04/2019 15:00:00 Informal Interview I went into a small corner shop near the Parliament of Catalonia building and spoke to the shopkeeper who was an elderly Spanish women who spoke perfect English. I asked if her main customers were tourists. She replied "we are in a very busy tourist destination which is very close to the parliament building which is normally on the tour route for visitors so therefore most customers are tourists." I then asked her if that annoyed her at all, she responded by saying that "you have to expect this if you are tp work in such a busy tourist location." it is clear to see that it is hard to notice national identity in Barcelona because of the sheer amount of tourists.  
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-09 08:49 41.985167 2.81718 09/04/2019 10:47:00 Photograph Meat and dairy shop showing range of meats, sausages and dairy, lots of people tending to stop here to look at the variety of goods they sell
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-09 09:22 41.988089 2.815446 09/04/2019 11:19:00 Informal Interview Young speaker for a political party, wants Spain and Catalan to stay together like they are now, and people who are thinking differently are looking for an excuse for splitting, such as the economic crisis etc  
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-09 09:24 41.988239 2.81524 09/04/2019 11:22:00 Photograph Politician party who want Spain and Catalan to stay as they are, located in the northern right corner of Spain on border of France, do not want to become separate, fears of isolation based on physical location on map
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-09 10:01 41.985901 2.823787 09/04/2019 11:59:00 Ethnographic Observation Graffiti - relies on understanding that landscape has a particular meaning that the Catalans and Spanish want other people to understand and read, also is predominantly Spanish graffiti suggesting it's not for the understanding of tourists  
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-09 10:26 41.983776 2.820904 09/04/2019 12:23:00 Photograph The memorial in the square highlights the consequences of the referendum that was held in 2017, remembering the brutal attacks that the citizens of Girona were faced with by the Spanish forces as they fought bravely in the hope of their freedom and right to vote.
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-10 09:04 41.382862 2.167083 10/04/2019 11:03:00 Photograph Comtemporary art museum part of regeneration project in Barcelona, caused conflict between tourist industry and locals for urbanising and gentrifying the space
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-10 09:14 41.38384 2.171282 10/04/2019 11:13:00 Photograph Las Ramblas, used to be a large straight waterway to the sea, however was gentrified and now locals have surrendered to give up their wanted and desired traditional hold of the city to the tourists and western characteristics
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-10 09:25 41.381747 2.171719 10/04/2019 11:25:00 Photograph Locally sourced produce from another part of Spain, which tries its best to keep hold of the traditional use of the market for locals to purchase there basic necessities
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-10 10:19 41.376982 2.176829 10/04/2019 12:17:00 Photograph Statue of Columbus - Catalan became less important, not a statue of Catalan identity, Spanish figure and a decline in traditional characteristics of the city
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-10 10:45 41.381254 2.181817 10/04/2019 12:43:00 Photograph Post office, depicts the new century movement where people didn't see Catalan as this romanitised mystical identity but as the head of big topics such as politics, science and other global issues, Roman and Greek influence with the arcitecture eg Roman columns in building structure
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-10 13:18 41.377476 2.191071 10/04/2019 15:15:00 Ethnographic Observation The Surf House located on the sea front, global chain which sell healthier fast food alternatives, shows western regeneration influence in the shoreline, tourist location which had a gift shop selling store merchandise  
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-10 13:21 41.377429 2.191154 10/04/2019 15:19:00 Ethnographic Observation By the coastline, you can hear a mixture of different languages from across the world, showing that Barcelona is becoming this cosmopolitan location where it is seen as a global hub for people to communicate and spend their capital to contribute to Barcelona's economy and the regeneration project  
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-10 14:57 41.385909 2.184347 10/04/2019 16:55:00 Photograph Last bits of Barcelona before the war of succession on the 11th September 1714, freedom of Catalonia and its rights and consitutions would be entirely abolished, museum as a celebration of the traditional structures and infrastructure
Nicole Pullum 2019-04-10 15:16 41.383342 2.181934 10/04/2019 17:15:00 Photograph Genuine gothic infrastructure - built on taxes and donations with people living in the area, built at peak of Catalonian power, ornate nature that Gaudi wanted to resserect in a new form
Samuel Gill 2019-04-16 19:44 53.39944 -3.159421 16/04/2019 12:42:00 Photograph Catalan Flag of independence and ribbons signifying support for Catalonian independence attached to balconies
Stephanie Lakin 2019-04-09 08:48 41.987078 2.813155 09/04/2019 10:25:00 Ethnographic Observation Whilst walking through the market Chelsea G and myself where walking past a local man and he was obviously shopping at the market as he had a trolly bag with him, like most of the locals seem to have. He was wearing a brown leather jacket and jeans, typical of what most I am seeing most of the locals seem to be wearing and he was aged about 60+. As we walked past this man he almost spat and made a raspberry sort of sound. This could show how they are very proud of there Carolinian identity and don't appreciate foreigners or people that don't typically look Spanish coming to gawk at their market. You can also see from walking about the market that the people that come and shop here seem to be of either retirement age or of motherhood age and coming shopping with their children. Also that many of the store holders seem to be migrants that have come over and are selling here for a living.  
Stephanie Lakin 2019-04-09 09:35 41.988369 2.815361 09/04/2019 11:00:00 Informal Interview I interviewed 2 girls that were British that had come over to Spain because they are cyclists and had then decided to live here, I asked them what they where doing shopping at this market and they had said they it was because a) it was cheaper and b) because there was less packaging then than a normal supermarket. This could be a similar trend to why the locals like to buy their food here and why this market seemed to be so busy.  
Stephanie Lakin 2019-04-09 10:02 41.985403 2.823764 09/04/2019 12:00:00 Photograph Taken in inderpendence square this photo shows how many yellow ribbons there are and how important this square seems to be to the people of Girona. It not only looked like it was a tourist destination with the cafes and the shops nearby but it also seemed to be a place that the locals went to. In the picture there are also banners calling for the release of the political prisoners and quite a few Catalonian flags. The locals could have decided that this could have been a key space to put the ribbons and flags here because of the meaning behind the square. In the photo you can the the inderpendance statue which symbolised the catalonians trying to fight against the Frenchman for their freedom and inderpendance. You could say that the locals have put so much up about the political prisoners because of they are also fighting for their freedom and their right to being independent from Spain if that is what the people of Catalonia want.
Stephanie Lakin 2019-04-09 12:18 41.983719 2.824114 09/04/2019 14:00:00 Informal Interview I interviewed two waiters and one waiter of them did not understand English. This could show that although Girona can be a tourist destination it doesn't quite have the same type of footfall into the city as say Barcelona does so it isn't crucial for everybody in Girona to learn the English language. It could also show that the people of girona are proud to be Catalonian and so they only see that they should speak in Catalan. This could be another reason for the waiter to not learn English as they will have learnt two languages, Spanish and Catalan and so unlike say the French they don't see that they should have to learn a third language just to be able to speak English. The fact that one waiter could speak English could show that only one person working at the establishment needed to speak English and that they would deal with the English speaking tourists if they needed to. This waiter agreed with my thoughts above that although they do get tourists they don't get many.  
Stephanie Lakin 2019-04-09 12:56 41.984942 2.824707 09/04/2019 14:27:00 Photograph Taken right at the end of the Main Street of girona with all of the cafes where we went for lunch. This picture shows how there must be tourism in girona as the political banners are written in English. This could prove that they want the world to know what the Catalonian region are going through and that they don't agree with the little amount that they have been in the news in other countries. It is very telling that this banner is in English where as most of the other banners around Girona where in Spanish/Catalonian. They wanted us to know what was happening.
Stephanie Lakin 2019-04-09 19:05     09/04/2019 14:45:00 Ethnographic Observation A lot of young school aged children walking about, dancing, playing music out loud, but also tourists and families ...  
Stephanie Lakin 2019-04-15 19:50     12/04/2019 11:15:00 Photograph The protesters here where almost like a protesting flash mob they all of a sudden showed up sang their patriotic songs and anthems and chants and after about fifteen twenty minutes the group had parted ways again. This was really interesting to see as the banner had an English translation on it. This could show how they wanted to get word out to the tourists in Barcelona about the political prisoners. It was also very telling that there were quite a few tourists that where walking past and taking pictures but they also looked confused as if they hadn't heard of what they where protesting about. Which shows just how important this flash mob was for spreading the word to the locals.
Stephanie Lakin 2019-04-12 09:37 41.381698 2.172192 12/04/2019 11:36:00 Ethnographic Observation Watching the people in La Boqueria was very telling, tourists & locals where mingling together, and the elderly seem to buy meat and produce from these markets, this may be because to them it is the easiest place to go, and they could have been going there for their whole life and have a loyalty towards the market. Most of the stalls had produce that was not only appealing to the locals but also appealing to the locals like charcuterie cones and different types of drinks but there where also fish and meats that the locals where buying, but like the market in Girona it only seemed to be the elderly locals that where buying in the market, this could be because this market was slightly more expensive where tourists now look around the market as well.  
Stephanie Lakin 2019-04-15 19:44     12/04/2019 14:30:00 Ethnographic Observation The dynamics of Barcelona beach was really interesting to watch. There where many people trying to sell rugs, drinks and massages to the tourists sat on the beach. Most of the people selling these items looked to be immigrants to spain that where trying to make a living from selling products to the tourists who would inevitably want their services. There where also people on the beach that where making sand sculptures. This could show how the locals know that the tourists are more likely to come to the beach if there is something interesting to see and may spend more time in the local area as a response to this.  
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-16 18:37 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 10:10:00 Informal Interview One of the Migrants running the fruit market stall stated how all of the fruit of this market in Girona was imported from Morocco and Northern Africa, which could possibly explain the high percentage of the Migrant demographic in the region and why the market has a very close community feel. "Fruit from Catalonia, No good"  
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-15 13:07 50.726653 -1.587151 09/04/2019 10:15:00 Informal Interview one of the migrants running the fruit market stall stated how all of the fruit of this market was imported from morocco and northern africa, could possibly be the reason for the high migrant demographic of the market. 'Fruit from Catalonia, no good'  
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-09 08:20 41.988983 2.815906 09/04/2019 10:19:00 Photograph Graffiti in a high footfall area of girona showing a strong catalonian identity, artist wanted the flag to be as viewable as possible in order to express political views.
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-09 08:23 41.989002 2.815821 09/04/2019 10:21:00 Photograph Posters and propaganda reflecting the political conflict within catalonia, also the partial removal of these posters shows further conflict from the minority of the population in the region. From observations, the demographic which voted for independance are more vocal,and expressive with their views possibly due to the feeling of opression by the spanish government.
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-09 08:55 41.98698 2.815787 09/04/2019 10:50:00 Ethnographic Observation market has a very strong community feel with a high migrant and elderly demographic, most of the market fruit and veg imported from morrocco explaining the migrant demographic present. despite stores competing, owners are friendly and talkative with each other showing strength of migrant community in catalonia  
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-09 09:00 41.98552 2.816853 09/04/2019 10:58:00 Ethnographic Observation there was a heavy presence of Catalonian identity throughout Girona especially and thus the appearence of the political party wanting unity within the nation reflects the strength of the Catalonian identity or a possible reluctance of the people who identify as spanish to speak their mind. the 95% of Girona could be limiting the voice of the 5% of actually expressing their views.  
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-09 09:03 41.98652 2.816216 09/04/2019 11:01:00 Photograph major american brands showing the impact of globalisation in the region, possibly following the footsteps of barcelona with regards to tourism? could be seen to reflect the success of tourism in Barcelona if markets in Girona are immitating the markets of the city.
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-09 09:58 41.98582 2.82361 09/04/2019 11:54:00 Photograph Yellow Ribbons reflecting the public support for the politicians who are seen as being wrongly imprisoned for the referendum of catalonian independance, been applied in high traffic areas to ensure people are able to see the displeasure of the people and the possible rebellion of the Catalonian people.
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-10 09:12 41.383826 2.171267 10/04/2019 11:11:00 Photograph contrasting with the Girona market, much more heavily influenced by tourism with a much higher footfall, many more anchor stores with larger spheres of influence e.g. Nike, contrasting with Girona as less of a community field and more a sense of commercialisation.
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-10 14:49 41.386026 2.183681 10/04/2019 16:47:00 Photograph Significant as a possible source of the tension between catalonian and spanish identity resulting from the 1714 war, could be the initial trigger for the continuing contrast between spanish and catalan identity.
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-16 18:32 41.386026 2.183681 10/04/2019 22:06:05 Informal Interview When at a bar in Girona, we played a game of table football with the locals. When we began playing, stating that the game was England vs Spain, they interjected stating how they were Catalan not Spain. This reflects the strength of the Catalonian identity in the region and the 'Disgust' of the Catalonian people in being referred to as Spanish.  
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-15 13:20 50.726684 -1.587136 11/04/2019 11:15:00 Photograph The numerous signs that were located around the national park were installed to inform both locals and tourists of the importance of the national park and why the sustainable preservation of the area was so key to the region. Reflects the educational tourism perspective as it expresses how beneficial the volcanoes are for the economy as a tourist attraction and thus requires conservation for sustained economic and environmental benefits.
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-15 13:42 50.726669 -1.58713 11/04/2019 12:40:00 Informal Interview The tour guide of the trip to the Garrotxa National Park stated how the bulk of national investment of spain was being prioritised in the Spanish capital of Madrid and not the tourist capital of Barcelona. This further emphasises the political conflict within the region.  
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-16 18:27 41.979301 2.819944 11/04/2019 13:22:00 Informal Interview The tour guide of the trip to Garrotxa National Park stated how the bulk of the national investment of Spain was being prioritised in the Spanish capital of Madrid and not the tourist capital of Barcelona. This further emphasises the political conflict in the region.  
Theodore Hobby 2019-04-15 13:10 50.726646 -1.587092 11/04/2019 22:08:00 Informal Interview when at a bar in Girona, we played a game of table football with the locals. When we began playing, stating that the game was England vs Spain, they interjected stating how they were Catalan and not Spain. This Reflects the Strength of Catalonian identity in the region and the 'disgust' of the Catalonian people in being referred to as Spanish.  
Thomas Elliott 2019-04-09 08:25 41.988368 2.815248 09/04/2019 10:22:00 Photograph Catalan Graffiti

The sybol of the catalan flag is painted in several spots around this location, this flag is supplemented with a political message.
Thomas Elliott 2019-04-09 08:55 41.985633 2.816881 09/04/2019 10:53:00 Photograph Mural of Xavier Montsalvatge 1912 - 2002
Thomas Elliott 2019-04-11 09:02 41.383133 2.16753 11/04/2019 10:59:00 Photograph Contemporary art museum near la ramblas in Barcelona, developed in the mid 90's after the Olympic games.

This area is representative of the regeneration which has taken place since the Olympics and the way that tourism and the Catalan identity have been sharply juxtaposed with crowded, graffiti covered streets very close to the polished modern art museum.
Thomas Elliott 2019-04-11 11:10 41.381374 2.181476 11/04/2019 13:08:00 Photograph The neoclassical architecture at this post office stands in stark contrast to the image of Barcelona's architectural history that is often promoted to tourists. It represents a less natural and more scientific and progressive aspect of Catalan history.
William Schofield 2019-04-09 08:23 41.988984 2.815848 09/04/2019 10:21:00 Photograph This Catalonian flag graffiti emphasises the intensity of defining the Catalonian individual. They are proud of their identity and show it physically in every way. This emphasises the love for their own identity and the willingness to influence others to do the same. This is a peaceful protest method which involves no confrontation but gets the message across and the want to be independent and away from the rest of Spain as it would benefit them as a place. This is also particularly made apparent to tourists which is extremely beneficial as it is an outsider view on the situation, and global support is needed. Marking the existing landscape is an extremely beneficial way to convey messages and protest.
William Schofield 2019-04-09 08:25 41.988716 2.815302 09/04/2019 10:24:00 Photograph This graffiti translates to beat the Spanish, emphasising the strain on national identity and the want to be associated differently to Spain instead of combined. The different cultures lead to different identities, and the main way voices can be heard is by altering the landscape with graffiti and trying to construct this new Catalonian identity. This need to graffiti and commit crimes to get voices heard is due to the fact they feel like their voice does not count and plastering the landscape will get their voices heard to a greater degree. The Catalonian flag in this particular piece, emphasises the patriotic effect that people feel about their nation.
William Schofield 2019-04-09 08:30 41.988188 2.815212 09/04/2019 10:29:00 Photograph This market influences identity and national culture through the products that they sell as well as other cultural identities. This market creates a sense of place, a hub in which communities are built. It includes such a strong cultural movement and products from abroad. People explore to connect with growers and producers creating a prostituted national identity. All of the fruit in the market is imported from Morocco due to Girona not having the climate during winter to supply the nation. There is a strong interconnection between there market workers, even though the same generic products are being sold, and the competition for business is high. There is a strong Muslim population, showing a large amount of immigration has taken place. Therefore, the market is the landscape in which some people base their national identity and community and integrate into a new community.
William Schofield 2019-04-16 15:22     09/04/2019 10:29:00 Informal Interview I asked the man that looked in charge of the market stall if he is Catalonian and the reply was "yes" his English was clear and did not want his name to be included. He then went on to say that the fruit he sells is from Morocco, due to the insufficient climate for growing fruit. "There is a strong sense of community and we all help each other" signifying that the market acts as a constructor of identities. He was 25 years of age and explained that everyone in these markets were a similar type of age. However, he did state that business is declining due to the expansion of supermarkets such as the Maradona and people would rather go there for their produce rather than a market, as some may view them as more expensive. "The buying costs have increased" therefore meaning that profits are in decline. In conclusion this man enjoyed the market and created long lasting bonds, and his life works around it, therefore proving a market is vital for the construction of national identities.  
William Schofield 2019-04-16 15:47     09/04/2019 10:41:00 Ethnographic Observation This markets population consisted of an older generation of buyers (50+ years old), with the workers being of a younger age (20-30 years old). There is a high community feel between the customers of the market, this could be due to the fact it felt in demand. There is a friendly connection between the market stall owners and workers, this is surprising due to the fact they are selling the same goods and therefore competing. The population also mainly consisted of women buyers and young males working. There is a large Muslim population at this particular market, suggesting a high immigration.This community family feel market, is the principle for the construction of national identity as it is apparently long-lasting bonds are made here. The types of stalls at this market consisted of mainly fruit and vegetable stalls and clothes stalls, there appeared to only be one hot food stall, this really emphasises the want for fresh produce  
William Schofield 2019-04-09 08:59 41.985867 2.816656 09/04/2019 10:57:00 Photograph This market stall in Girona stood out amongst all of the others. The symbol of the business that they promote is the Catalonian flag the Spanish flag and the EU flag all in the shape of a heart, which is a rare sight In Girona. This shows that people want all the nationalities to be together as one without any conflict as previously seen. This shows a real want to be interconnected within the globe, and for the conflict to be minimalised or brought to a permanent end. This is not the standard view in Girona, and it is a business trying to change and shape the social landscape of the area. This could be more positive and influential than a physical landscape, however the small movement will have to have a large expansion to make a lasting positive impact on the area, and areas within the EU.
William Schofield 2019-04-16 15:25     09/04/2019 11:29:00 Informal Interview In independent square I asked a 20-year-old university student what she comes to this area for and is it significant for her own national identity and building new identities. Her English was good but did not want her name included. She explained "I come to this area to meet friends and eat food" and that she doesn't come often due to the number of tourists that are usually at this location making it impossible to find somewhere to eat. She does not think that this area is important for her personally but did think the historical element built national identity. She feels a strong sense of identity to Catalonia and the landscape influence the feelings towards Catalonia as a place. She is planning to move abroad in the future, due to the conflict and the strong feelings towards this, and better opportunities to practice her studies are elsewhere. This shows a mild sense of national identity even though there are attempts to construct tis national identity.  
William Schofield 2019-04-09 09:56 41.985915 2.823785 09/04/2019 11:49:00 Photograph This statue is situated in independent square, as is based around the French peninsular war. There are local people engagement techniques and is a tourist location, as well as an insight to the history of the area. Independent square is also a hub for food shops and tourist stalls, with a large amount of people taking photographs. There are many flags outside of the settlements in this location based around political independence, as well as LGBGT flags and Catalonian flags. Showing a strong basis for Catalonia's independence. This square however mainly exists as it commemorates the struggle for Spanish Independence against Napoleon Bonaparte and the French troops from 1808 to 1814.
William Schofield 2019-04-09 10:00 41.985741 2.823552 09/04/2019 11:58:00 Photograph These ribbons were seen around Barcelona and Girona; however, this photograph was taken in Girona. It shows that the public are modifying the tourist environment to represent what they believe in. These yellow ribbons symbolise public supports for the politicians who they view as being wrongly imprisoned and the ribbons provide support as the trial is currently being viewed. These ribbons have been placed in a busy and vibrant location to show both tourists and locals their views on the matter and the continued support towards the politicians. This promotes their views to a larger extent due to the large footfall area.  Tourist landscapes have been modified with their own identity and political views to have a peaceful impact on government and the criminal justice system.
William Schofield 2019-04-09 10:16 41.983839 2.820855 09/04/2019 12:13:00 Photograph This shows constitution square and has a cultural link, this is an extremely quiet area where a large amount of building work (regeneration) is taking place. There is a statue that is placed here and is the most vital tourist landscape of the square. This statue is a little girl sitting on the wall. The plaque underneath signifies that during the referendum in 2017 the citizens of Girona were brutally assaulted, even though they were peacefully expressing their right to vote. Constitution square is mainly focused on the remembrance of the locals that suffered during this referendum. This area is a vital tourist landscape as it explains the recent history and plays a large part in every aspect, even though it does not want to be remembered it is vital that it is.
William Schofield 2019-04-09 10:35 41.982656 2.823279 09/04/2019 12:33:00 Photograph This shows the photogenic Girona river views, emphasising the fact that Girona is a medieval town which a large interest from tourists, that mainly travel from Barcelona for the day. In Girona, there is a large interest in trying to intermingle the old town and the new town. Leading to the re engagement of both towns, and having a large impact on cultural identity, as well as cultural events being re-established. This is a prime area for a photography emphasising the importance of visual tourist landscapes. This integration of the past and the future is well managed, and the only conflict lies with the Catalan government due to independence which is made clear in this particular area through flags.
William Schofield 2019-04-16 16:02     09/04/2019 12:46:00 Ethnographic Observation The first thing that is noticed when entering Independent Square is the historic element. This is seen through the statue that exists to commiserate those that have lost their lives in conflicts. Even though this is a large tourist destination the amount of people in the area is not overwhelming. The majority of people are young (14-25 years old) and show little respect, due to littering and music played out loud which spoils the natural atmosphere. This square also houses a large number of flats, most of which have Catalonian flags outside of their window, this shows the want for independence that will have a lasting global impact. As well as Catalonian flag there is also one LGBGT flag, signifying that they are a fast-moving. The dense building structures around the outside of the square show how locals and tourists intermingle, this integration is key for long lasting tourism. A large amount of people in this location were educational groups completing fieldwork.  
William Schofield 2019-04-10 08:54 41.383111 2.166909 10/04/2019 10:53:00 Photograph This is the Barcelona museum of contemporary art, which is situated in a previously dark and low-income area within Barcelona. This area has been regenerated for the benefit of the area, and a prime tourist location as proven by the que outside. This area previously was considered as Barcelona's "China Town" therefore having a low income and high crime rates, as well as a large population. This museum opened to the public on November 28th, 1995 and was a turning point, being seen as both positive/negative. It is the turning point between the poor national identity to the innovative identity they have today making tourists want to visit, however unfortunately forcing locals out of the area, but they will still associate their national identity with this previous "China Town" location. The 14.300m2 building was created by American architect Richard Meier, influenced by the works of Le Corbusier. In total last year 21,593,992 people visited Catalonia's museums, proving the significance.
William Schofield 2019-04-10 09:12 41.383795 2.171234 10/04/2019 11:10:00 Photograph This is the largest tourist destination in Barcelona, due to the culture and the market. The market itself previously consisted of live animals being sold to then be killed and eaten. However, once this market had been adapted due to the animal rights movement, they are not building an artistic movement. This is a dominating tourist landscape which is dominated by the services for tourism, pushing the locals out of the area, and introducing new locals and visitors. Due to the large amount of people La Rambla pulls in the crime rate is extremely high due to the fact tourist are vulnerable and the large crowds help them commit theft through pick pocketing, this area is referred to as the pick pocketing capital of Europe. This landscape emphasises the was Barcelona has changed due to tourism and the was the local population are forced out of an area due to things such as house prices.
William Schofield 2019-04-10 10:06 41.378926 2.174327 10/04/2019 12:04:00 Photograph This building is a tourist hotspot and a landscape that helps the creation and stabilisation of national identity. Antoni Gaudi is a Spanish architect and through these buildings the nation can be prod and present in the form of buildings the significant role in which they play globally. This specific building is Palau Güell and is the central hall. It is considered one of the pioneering buildings of the Art Nouveau movement and has a strong suggestive conception of space and light. This architecture and tourist landscape signify Spanish innovative thinking and contribution to the global architectural world. Linking landscape with identity, and the integration of both within the design.
William Schofield 2019-04-16 16:10     10/04/2019 12:14:00 Ethnographic Observation La Rambla attracts a large amount of people, as it is seen as one of Barcelona's main attractions. The services in this area have shifted from focusing on the locals needs, to tourists. There is a high tourist rate, approximately one local for 10 tourists. This high level of tourism attracts high organised crime rate, which was made apparent through witnessing a pick pocket. Once the pick pocket has taken place the fact that the area was crowded worked to the thief's advantage as he got lost. The population ranged from approximately 18+ signifying a diverse population. Due to the large number of tourists, people's backgrounds are varied and therefore there are strong differences between the customers of the market. It became apparent that the stalls do not intermingle with each other and there is a high level of business rivalry. It is apparent locals have been pushed out of this area due to prices and migrants have moved in.  
William Schofield 2019-04-10 10:29 41.376985 2.179324 10/04/2019 12:27:00 Photograph This harbour in Barcelona emphasises a different style of national identity through a landscape. Instead of visually explaining the past it has a large emphasis on the wealth and industry in Barcelona. This area has a large tourist presence and therefore a large amount of crime such as people selling counterfeit items on the harbour front. This harbour looks as though it has undergone regeneration which has possibly led to the decline in national identity in this specific location. Due to prices increasing locals have been driven out of the area and as a result has a large amount of second homes. Possibly making this a seasonal area. This signifies the change in identity in Barcelona due to wealth and the area being a desirable location.
William Schofield 2019-04-16 15:31     10/04/2019 12:27:00 Informal Interview Whilst walking along the sea front in Barcelona I spoke to one of the workers that were selling counterfeit goods. His English was mild and explained to me he was from a "African country" but did not specify which, business is slow due to the amount of people there are selling the same goods. Some of these sellers work for big organisations and get paid very little. People have become more aware of counterfeit items and believe they are a low-quality item. Due to the fact people do not buy these anymore, they have had to resort to selling items such as alcoholic beverages to tourists instead. He does not feel that this tourist landscapes plays a vital role in the construction of national identities, due to the fact most people are rude and not many people are benefitting from selling "maybe one item per day" and due to the low income they work 7 days a week and do not have the time to visit areas that would help build a national identity.  
William Schofield 2019-04-16 15:39     10/04/2019 13:32:00 Informal Interview In La Rambla I interviewed a market worker that worked on a fruit stall and spoke minimal English. She was 30 years old, and felt strongly about the independence, and was having problems with her fruit stall. Due to the products not selling, a large amount is wasted, "not as many people buy from markets anymore" and the prices to keep a stall are increasing as well as living costs. This is a tourist location, people do not come for the community feel, they come to take pictures and experience culture, "unfortunately tourists are destroying culture" straining national identities. As the number of tourists has increased the national identity now seems to not mean as much, tourists are pushing away locals because they do not feel like their identity is in Barcelona anymore. Even though the market is a tourist landscape it is depriving the locals of what they want the most, to belong to a community. Therefore tourist landscapes do not play a good role in constructing national identities.  
William Schofield 2019-04-16 16:22     10/04/2019 14:35:00 Ethnographic Observation Although the sea front in Barcelona is approximately a 20-minute walk from La Rambla it is less tourist. Along the beach front there is lots of immigrants selling counterfeit items, all of which are around 25 years of age, it costs around ¬£10 for a Rolex watch. The boats in the harbour signify wealth and attracts a large population of people with existing wealth to integrate. Creating a large divide between the rich and the poor. The large number of restaurants in this area signify that during the summer tourist period this area is equally as busy as La Rambla, but in the winter it can't compete. This area has a nicer feel to it, than the busier areas of Barcelona with a perceived lower crime rate. The want for business is made apparent through workers standing outside of their establishments louring people to spend money. The locals are using tourism and the already constructed identity and landscape to their advantage to earn money, even if it is not in a legal way.  
William Schofield 2019-04-10 14:43 41.385689 2.183855 10/04/2019 16:37:00 Photograph These remains are found in the El Born Centre de Cultura i Memòria and exhibit the roman remains of Barcelona. When the king of Spain died without any airs to the throne, the rivals Charles the 6th and Phillip the 5th (French prince) created a war between both parties, with the prize being the throne. This location is seen as ground zero by Catalonians and has a strong sense of national identity. On the 7th September it is considered to be national day, this day is used to celebrate Spanish visualisations of Spanish Catalonia, cementing the narrative and creating and enforcing national identity, and the majority of the population will link their national identity to their past making it vital to preserve. Due to the fact this is a tourist landscape opens up this history to the world, and shares the national identity of Catalonians, building respect from other nations globally. It is 'a space that faithfully records past events and allows global recolonisation.
William Schofield 2019-04-10 14:49 41.386045 2.183569 10/04/2019 16:48:00 Photograph This is a plaque from the City Museum Barcelona and is located in the gothic district and explains the history of Barcelona during the Roman era. It explains that after the defeat of 1714, the Catalonians were subject to death or to flee the area completely. The surrounding buildings were then occupied by the victors, and a new tax was imposed. This landscape is significant for local history and resembling the exploitation of the Catalonian population and the hatred they previously faced. By allowing the public and tourists to visit this museum for free emphasises the fact the local government wish to keep local people in touch with the history of the area even though it is not all positive. People will be able to associate their personal identities with this building as it would have involved their past and the countries first conflicts, almost similar to what is occurring to date with the question of independence.
William Schofield 2019-04-10 15:12 41.383639 2.182319 10/04/2019 17:09:00 Photograph This is the site for a mass grave from the Catalonian conflict that took place previously. It emphasises the fact that nationals celebrate and remember the past and are informed about their national history. This signifies deliberate encoding onto the landscape, in which tourists and locals are invited to interpret and understand in a particular way. Embedded in this man-made landscape there is the eternal flame which continues to burn all year. This signifies that the conflict and the un-essential death of soldiers and innocent people will never be forgotten, and the message will live on eternally. National identities are constructed largely through the past and from the present, this memorial allows national identities to be built and influenced, by those that have given up their lives in the previous conflict and sends a message for any future or present conflict that may occur and is currently occurring in regards to independence.
William Schofield 2019-04-10 15:28 41.38269 2.177202 10/04/2019 17:25:00 Photograph This building is the pinnacle of national identity for those that define as Catalonian. This is the heart of the political debates that have been taken place and the controversy that has been created. There are political banners associated with the parliament building such as 'freedom for the political prisoners' supporting the politicians that are on trial for organising the referendum. This building is heavily protected, and stands out from the surrounding architecture, emphasising the fact that the national decisions are made here. The flags surrounding this building where taken down to minimalize the controversy that has been created here. This parliament building is the hub for the controversy that has taken place and, in some ways, the only hope for people that wish for Catalonia to be seen as independent.
William Schofield 2019-04-10 15:38 41.384562 2.175869 10/04/2019 17:34:00 Photograph This cathedral stands out from the surrounding architecture as it is largely gothic. It represents how culture and society work together in Barcelona. This signifies a high point in the local history and could be seen by tourists and the community as a historical narrative. It aggrandises the existing medieval structures and creates a link between architecture and human personality as well as having religious connotations (bringing society closer to god). Nationals may link this architecture to their national identity and if it was to be removed a piece of their personal national identities will also be removed in accordance.
Zach Cavill 2019-04-09 09:16 41.988583 2.815183 09/04/2019 11:16:00 Informal Interview one day a week, lives in sal, his food is from adulica, proud of being catalan, catalan food not good all from morocco, works one day a week
warned to wear our backpacks in front of us. hostility between locals and migrants. insular identity
Zach Cavill 2019-04-09 07:49 41.9921 2.812074 09/04/2019 09:43:00 Ethnographic Observation At the site of the road named after the first president of Catalonia, this was an era of dictatorship. Yosef taradayas was the president.There are 106 roads named after him in Catalonia and is significant as naming a geographical location/entity is a powerful act of appropriation and signifying national identity onto the landscape.  
Zach Cavill 2019-04-09 08:40 41.985588 2.817008 09/04/2019 10:33:00 Ethnographic Observation Relatively busy portion of the market. The organic fruit and veg sellers tended to be very friendly with the locals. One seller took a clear interest in us asking where we had come from and why we are walking around the market, clearly showing an interest in tourists with the local people. He spoke in English which shows that there is a tourist presence here. From walking through the tourists tended to stick to the centre path of the market and locals were in the tents talking to the venders. It was obvious that we stood out when walking through but was interesting to see a large migrant demographic working in the market and the main demographic of shoppers are older people so potentially could show a bastion for traditional Catalan cultural identity. The salted fish counters originate from Iceland, and sweet counters seem similar to markets seen in the UK, suggesting a loss in what markets seem to represent for catalunya and showing the influence of a large migrant population.  
Zach Cavill 2019-04-09 09:57 41.985994 2.823492 09/04/2019 11:49:00 Photograph Independence square, named after the peninsula war of the early 19th century of Independence from France. Was a Napoleonic war and the king of Spain would allow him passage to invade Portugal. Napoleon broke his promise to leave Spain alone. The square marks the war against Napoleon. Only place girona is spelt the Spanish way. The square that last year was used as a focal point for the freedom of the political prisoners who organised the referendum to become independent from Spain. The meaning for this square has shifted away from the Independence from France to the fight of locals against the invading imperialistic forces of the rest of Spain. The presence of yellow ribbons is heavy in this area which is a symbol used after the freedom protests for the political prisoners, identifying the issues that catalunya is facing with national identity at the moment, strategically placed in a tourist heavy spot in girona, get international attention on the support for the nationalistic cause.
Zach Cavill 2019-04-09 10:20 41.983812 2.820775 09/04/2019 12:18:00 Photograph place name changing is important for national cause, square has 2 names, constitutional square or October the 1st 2017 square. 1st name is to do with the referendum of 6th December 1978, marking the referendum that protected their cultural and political autonomy. the sculpture is up to interpretation. the square was renamed due to the breaking of what was promised in 1978 due to the brutality of the Spanish police and security forces whilst exercising political freedom. the statue is very anti Spain and supports cultural and political Independence for catalunya and overly supporting the views of this heavily independent city. It shows the invention of history in a sense and the importance of the nationalistic movement in girona and catalunya as a whole.
Zach Cavill 2019-04-09 12:19 41.983838 2.824139 09/04/2019 14:19:00 Informal Interview Local in girona, owner of a cafe, said how tourists are welcome in the area as it brings income for the locals. Asked about the abundance of ribbons and messages about the Independence and was told that they are pressed in areas where tourists go to give the message of what happened to the people of catalunya and shows the importance of national identity to locals.  
Zach Cavill 2019-04-11 08:38 41.386155 2.170095 11/04/2019 10:37:00 Photograph Francesc macia, leader of the Catalan region after the dictatorship of Franco, his ideals are seen as the basis for Catalan Independence and is located in the central point of the city of Barcelona. The significance of this is that it indicates the importance of Independence and the current state of play in the region and how, with it's central location, how poignant the idea of almost this mythical sea and mountains cultural identity is in Barcelona and Catalonia itself.
Zach Cavill 2019-04-11 09:02 41.382835 2.167413 11/04/2019 11:02:00 Ethnographic Observation museu d'art, rival district, barcas China Town, working class neighborhood, dominated by immigrants, London's victorian's East end, crime deprivation, overcrowded, 1992, Olympics key point in the cities history, outside Europe before Olympics, city not heard of, arguably the catalyst for major tourist destination,cold war ended, period of globalization and optimism, easyJet, Ryanair, budget airline revolution and broadcasting more available, massive regeneration took place for the Olympics, macba d'art opened 1995 as part of this, controversial, modernist replacing the overcrowded and delapidated area, distinct cultural activities, the famous cricket in the square that was played by migrants, this regeneration in the 90s was essentially driven with the intent of boosting tourism and is now one of the most visited places on Earth, need to look at if the balance between tourist and the locals needs is in balance of is it subsuming the city of Barca, homogenised generic tourist location?  
Zach Cavill 2019-04-11 09:17 41.382202 2.172306 11/04/2019 11:17:00 Informal Interview Las rambla, used to be a waterway, 18-19 century, main focus point for intelligentia, intellectuals and artss or the Renaissance, key cultural meeting place, bars markets and coffee shops, big flower market more recently, animal market also, been over take by tourist stands and tapas bars to suits the visitors to Barcelona, place where tourists visit, local cultural hub is still seen in the la boqueria market, local produce market, comparison to girona market and how it maintains local cultures and identity, meat vendors in a high tourist hotspot, showing traditions of locals are being pushed through the onslaught of tourism, shop vendor expanded on this by saying hoe the increase of migrants to barcelona has essentially taken away the cultural identities and traditions of las ramblas.  
Zach Cavill 2019-04-11 10:20 41.37898 2.174192 11/04/2019 12:19:00 Photograph romantic revivalists interested in spiritual and mystic heartland of catalunya, Catalan people defined by rural geography, romantic notion in gaudis architecture, comes from modernism art and not apart of europws art movement to make the art of his buildings unique to Catalonia, derived from nature, asymnetrical details in the design of his works at the parabolic gaudi, incoorporate mystical themes aswell as the mountains and the sea theme in his works, mimic the rock formations of monsteratt park in Catalonia at the Sagrada familia, showcasing the uniqueness of catalunya through his works to the international audience, a way that tourism is in balance with the unique culture of catalunya and that it isn't being drowned out by commercialism.
Zach Cavill 2019-04-11 10:43 41.37589 2.179293 11/04/2019 12:41:00 Photograph 1992 Olympic marina development heavily focused on tourism, no evidence of traditional Catalan themes, huge contrast to areas such as la barcelonetta. The idea of parquetematization was developed to describe the developments of the Olympic marina, essentially showing that the design and physical attractions there are purely to suit the needs of tourists rather than to preserve or continuate the themes and architectural designs seen in the rest of Barcelona, arguably showing that the balance between national identity and tourism has been lost in this area.
Zach Cavill 2019-04-11 11:03 41.38131 2.181633 11/04/2019 13:02:00 Ethnographic Observation main post office for Barcelona, breaking away from the romantisist cultural movement, the new sentistas they were neoclassisists, Catalan identity shouldn't be spiritual noncence but should be expressed from classical ideas from the Mediterranean, not in terms of romantic poetry and the mountains but of political and scientific progress, hard ideals not wooly romantisism, as gaudi expressed, identity of catalunya changing?  elemenrs of romantic architecture, but mainly shown by pillars and symetrical design showing philisophy, knowledge and academia.  
Zach Cavill 2019-04-11 13:21 41.378589 2.192134 11/04/2019 15:20:00 Informal Interview I asked a shop owner what the 1992 developments for the Olympics has done for them, positive or negative. The response was mixed. Clearly it was obvious that they would respond with economic gains due to the massive influx of tourists coming to this area, especially now that there is a beach, meaning they spend more time in the area and spend more money. They did mention that they in fact moved their shop to this area due to the financial gain they would get. Yet they did mention that this area they now no longer see as what Barcelona should be. Obviously the idea of Barcelona is medieval gothic/romantisist designs (gaudi) but the beachfront seems more like every other beach you see in the world and they believe this is simply down to the popularity that the area has for tourists but would have been better if it was to fit in with the cultural identity of barcelona,. Locals now no longer associate the area with what they identify themselves with, not Catalan.  
No Name A 2019-04-11 15:26 41.383724 2.182484 11/04/2019 17:25:00 Photograph Site of mass grave. Monument to ensure that the victimisation narrative remains central in the Catalonia story. This is important as if Catalonia is viewed as being repressed vy the rest of Spain then gaining independance is much more likely.
No Name B 2019-04-16 13:34 41.382894 2.177432 10/04/2019 17:34:00 Photograph Barcelona Cathedral, (Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia) known for its gothic architecture which brings in a plethora of tourists to come and admire it, showcasing the appreciation of historical architecture and the identity of the nation is still projecting itself as they are highlighted due to the different style of architecture throughout Spain another example would be the Sagrada Fam√≠lia, or the Parabl√≤lic Gaudi. Through the tourism in the culture of Barcelona and Spain as a whole the social identities remain open and subject to negotiation from the changing identity that they possess. Catalan modernism new movement for the new centezon (century) like the referendum they were still in favor of Catalan independence however wanted to be shown as the Catalan culture to the other European countries, they wanted this through the change of traditionalism and religiousness of Catalan romantics who they thought nothing of.
No Name C 2019-04-11 11:01 41.381424 2.181527 11/04/2019 12:58:00 Photograph Building from the Catalonian renaissance. This was the opposing architectural style countering Gaudi's work. They thought that classical ideal across the Mediterranean such as ancient greece and rome should lead as opposed to the wishy washy idealism of Gaudi.
No Name D 2019-04-16 13:44 41.382894 2.177432 10/04/2019 17:28:00 Ethnographic Observation A major tourist attraction especially recently with the referendum only happening a mtter of years ago, there were a number of people walking and taking pictures of the banners demanding that the political prisoners were to be released. Not only this there were locals passing by and taking a keen interest in the building which suggests that there is a strong passion behind the building and what it stands for the Catalonian people.  
No Name E 2019-04-11 08:38 41.386253 2.17017 11/04/2019 10:37:00 Ethnographic Observation Francesco Maicia was a politician who fought for Catalonian independance however once he declared independance for Catalonia he died quickly after which made way for the fascist dictator Franco to take control.

Francesco Maicia remains a symbol of Catalonian independance and is seen as a celebrated idea of what could have been if he hadn't have died.
No Name E1 2019-04-12 15:26 41.38333 2.181761 12/04/2019 17:24:00 Photograph Ornate neogothic motifs of Gaudi.
No Name F 2019-04-16 13:32 41.382894 2.177432 10/04/2019 11:06:00 Photograph Boqueria market is situated adjacent to La Ramblas which plays a considerable factor in how one of the main markets in Barcelona is constructed to portray the Catalan national identity as a result of the high tourist foot count. By having a famous market which dates back from 1217 to sell meat to now where it sells all manors of produce. Additionally, to be placed next La Ramblas a street known to be the energetic tourist destination in Barcelona it brings to light the neighbouring qualities in which tourists do play on the national identity. Due to the tourists coming in a main part of going to Barcelona looks to be shopping with big commercial brands being placed across La Ramblas which deviates those from seeing the more historical sites such as Sagrada Família, this or the artwork.
No Name G 2019-04-12 15:36 41.382742 2.176883 12/04/2019 17:35:00 Photograph ...
No Name H 2019-04-12 08:35 41.386125 2.170207 12/04/2019 10:34:00 Photograph The central congregating place of Barcelona.
No Name I 2019-04-16 13:12 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 04:00:00 Photograph This cathedral in the heart of Girona is a key example of a tourist landscape due to it not being reliant and dependant on the agricultural interests. This would be prominent in this building due to its fresh fame in media due to it being involved in TV series, which then would highlight the importance of tourism to the Girona council and therefore bringing in those who are keen and interested from the promotion of the TV series. By placing a new-found reliance on buildings such as Cathedral of Saint Mary of Girona would ensure that they are turning from the identities of which they once had and slightly replacing it with one that would look back on the history of the area whilst maintaining the attraction to the tourists and other domestic tourists to come and explore Girona.
No Name J 2019-04-12 10:32 41.375943 2.1779 12/04/2019 12:32:00 Photograph ...
No Name K 2019-04-16 13:48 41.375776 2.177834 10/04/2019 12:40:00 Informal Interview My second informal interview deviated from the La Ramblas only slightly towards the marina side. This is where I asked my next set of questions, which was do you think tourism is hindering the national identity in Barcelona. The reasoning behind this question was that like my previous question there were a fair few more people who were able to speak a bit more English. They said they felt 50/50 about the situation due to the reliance of tourism on the economy, and how this means they are deviating away from traditional means of earning money.  
No Name L 2019-04-09 10:22 41.983849 2.820817 09/04/2019 12:20:00 Photograph October 1st Square, formerly known as Constitution Square, is identified by the statue of a girl looking outward across the plaza. The name was changed in 2018 after the mayor of Girona declared the Spanish Magna Carta--which was established in 1978--was not "democracy" and had therefore "lost all legitimacy."
No Name M 2019-04-12 14:42 41.385808 2.183571 12/04/2019 16:42:00 Photograph ...
No Name N 2019-04-09 13:14 41.988894 2.826706 09/04/2019 15:13:00 Ethnographic Observation Arabic and Jewish inspired bathhouse.  
No Name O 2019-04-11 15:43 41.382647 2.177189 11/04/2019 17:43:00 Photograph The Generalitat is the home of the Catalonian parlement. Political buildings are not allowed to display any material which could be taken politically however they have put up a banner which has a general massage about justice and human rights which no one can realistically argue with. The message however obviously is aimed at the politicians who are being held in prison for organizing the Catalonian referendum vote.
No Name P 2019-04-09 10:21 41.983902 2.820682 09/04/2019 12:20:00 Ethnographic Observation Plaque of girl born on the day that the constitution was voted for. Plaque says to commemorate the bravery of the voters of the catalan referendum. The plaque is bolted down so as to stop any attempt to remove it which shows that even in Girona, which voted heavily in favour of independance, there are still those who disagree with the vote.  
No Name Q 2019-04-16 13:28 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 10:46:00 Informal Interview During the markets due to the vendors who were able to speak English to some degree I was able to prompt questions. Asking whether they thought that tourism impacts Girona? and how? They agreed and said it does but they also said that they thought that there are more commercial chains, and more hotels. However it still maintains its culture and heritage through museums.  
No Name R 2019-04-16 13:25 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 10:46:00 Ethnographic Observation Whilst making the observations of the market there were notable actions occurring such as the interaction between the vendors and the public passing by was a bot forced when trying to barter with the members of public. In addition to this the vendors were also speaking with somewhat coherent sentences of English which suggests that they are prepared to haver tourists in the area, as opposed to what seemed to be the general population of the market which was an elderly population seemingly going out to get items for their lower prices. These markets less so are applied due to the tourist's landscape but more so down to the tourisms is attracted to the national identities of the Spanish markets such as this one which would pull in a considerable amount of people due to it having over 220 stalls.  
No Name S 2019-04-16 13:30 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 16:48:00 Informal Interview The second informal interview I asked how they thought the graffiti helped Girona. They thought that it was less so graffiti more artwork which they thought looked good but only in the right areas, near to the roman wall there is this image which does not fit the scene to some local's opinion.  
No Name T 2019-04-09 09:59 41.985727 2.823506 09/04/2019 11:58:00 Photograph Independence Square derives its name from the Spanish revolt against Napoleon Bonaparte and French rule over Catalonia between 1808 and 1814. In recent times, it has also become a symbol for nationalists as a rallying cry for independence from Spain.
No Name U 2019-04-16 13:26 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 11:48:00 Ethnographic Observation What was noticeable in this section of Girona was the liveliest section of Girona with a lot of the younger generations coming here to play music allowed and to dance. Although there were restaurants and cafes nearby with tourists and locals in this did not stop them from playing their music loudly. In addition to this there were other tour groups flowing through this prompting the businesses to place individuals outside to try and encourage those to come to the store.  
No Name V 2019-04-09 16:12 41.993509 2.815182 09/04/2019 10:25:00 Informal Interview We interviewed 2 market vendors on where they were from and where their produce was from. The salted fish merchant said all his fish were caught near iceland and the bearing sea and they were all cod. The olives from this same stand were grown form all different regions of spain.

The fruit vendor said the oranges were grown in Spain and Morocco and the vendor himself was from Morocco. He also mentioned lots of the other vendors being from Morocco which shows that there is an immigrant presence in the market. There seems to be a distinct difference between the vendors and the locals whith the locals being manily older people. Also one spanish woman approached me and and warned me to keep my bag on my front in order to be aware of pickpockets which shows thag there is a distrust between the locals and the vendors.
No Name W 2019-04-11 11:22 41.377253 2.188765 11/04/2019 13:21:00 Ethnographic Observation Barceloneta is an old part of the city which as a part of the 1992 olympics underwent a mass transformation inro a tourist hot spot. An artificial beach was added and seafront restaraunts and cafes were opened. It has been called the California of Barcelona as surfing and a more relaxed atmosphere are associated with the area.  
No Name X 2019-04-12 09:36 41.381238 2.171082 12/04/2019 11:36:00 Ethnographic Observation Edit later  
No Name Y 2019-04-11 09:13 41.382144 2.172489 11/04/2019 11:13:00 Ethnographic Observation La Rambla is the msin street in Barcelona. In the past it was used as a meeting place for communities where they would sell meat and fish and come together. Now it is a major tourist attraction with cafes and restaraunts attracting tourists. The street was Barcelona's onlh real tourist attraction untill the shopping centre in the marina was built at the end of it. Also tourists can carry on to Barceloneta.  
No Name Z 2019-04-16 13:41 41.382894 2.177432 10/04/2019 12:01:00 Ethnographic Observation Throughout this ethnographic observation on one of the more congested parts of Barcelona it was hard to find specific people to follow, a factor which was as a result of the public wanting to move on quickly. However, there were certain characteristics I noticed from both what seemed tourists and locals. Tourists would tend to have bags around the front of them in an attempt to not get pickpocketed which was evident as we did see this happen. Locals tended to move quickly and even didn't have time to apologise or excuse themselves if they bumped into people.  
No Name AA 2019-04-16 13:45 41.382894 2.177432 10/04/2019 12:01:00 Informal Interview Going into La Ramblas with the intention to look at interviewing people was frightening, due to the overfilled streets but the vendors and locals were able to speak English in some way, this Is the first way in which I initially thought about how tourism plays a role due to them understanding English. I asked: has La Ramblas has changed to suit tourism more than the locals? To which they stated they did not believe so due to the presence of Spanish culture in La Boqueria as well as the Gothic buildings situated next to La Ramblas which suggest that the identity of Spain and Catalonian are still prominent in with the inclusion of tourism.  
No Name AB 2019-04-09 08:55 41.985996 2.816938 09/04/2019 10:54:00 Ethnographic Observation Communal marketplace in a forested area of Girona. People are very talkative to one another, providing a vety social atmosphere. Catalonian flags are abundant and the majority could be heard speaking Catalan rather than Spanish.  
No Name AC 2019-04-09 11:18 41.983714 2.823979 09/04/2019 10:20:00 Photograph The oranges from the stall are grown in Spain or Morocco and the vendor is from Morocco
No Name AD 2019-04-09 08:37 41.985627 2.817005 09/04/2019 10:33:00 Ethnographic Observation Clear distinction between locals and tourists. Tourists stay to the centre of the market and keep walking while locals talk to market vendors and look more closely at stock. One seller took the time to shout out to us speaking in english asking where we were from. Amd why have you come. Asking if we are tourists or if we live here. Clear tourist presence as he spoke english. One local woman tapped me on the shoulder and explained that I should have my bag on the front to be careful of pickpockets. Shows the locals are untrusting of the imigrant market vendors. And are friendly towards tourists.  
No Name AE 2019-04-11 08:57 41.382912 2.167347 11/04/2019 10:55:00 Photograph Rival district. Very poor district in the past. Now many blocks were demolished in order to build a new art museum which is very modern. This happened in 1992, same year as the olympics. This could be considered to be a part of a 'blandscape' as the building is very modern and is not unique. The same building could be built in any city around the world and it wouldn't be out of place. In order to build this building blocks of buildings with genuin history had to be demolished.
No Name AF 2019-04-12 10:04 41.378597 2.172816 12/04/2019 12:04:00 Photograph ...Made by Antoni Gaudi, a student who emerged during the Catalan Renaissance in the 19th century.
Neogothic and Romanticist style of architecture--emphasising the nation's organic elements.
No Name AG 2019-04-16 13:19 41.979301 2.819944 09/04/2019 12:22:00 Photograph Plaça de l’U d’Octubre (October 1 square) once notably named Plaça de la Constitució (Spanish Consitution square) which was in order to commemorate the Catalonian referendum which took place back in 2017. The plaque in which the writing is inscribed on is bolted onto the rock behind which is intended to not be removed at ease. This shows us how passionate the Catalans are about the referendum which occurred. In addition to this they show this through the use of multiple languages showing why this important plaque is here. We can see the importance of tourism through the national identities of Girona through these parts of history as it not only reminds the residents of Girona about what happened here and as to why but it also applies itself to the tourists. Not only this but by placing this in one of the more central squares in Girona illustrates the importance for the history and identity of the area be it recent or to a timely extent they deem it important for all to know. 
No Name AH 2019-04-09 10:30 41.98271 2.823192 09/04/2019 12:29:00 Photograph A popular sight for photographs and postcards. The River Onyar runs through much of Girona and is well known for the colourful houses that align it, many extending just over their boundaries to loom over the grassy banks.
No Name AI 2019-04-12 15:21 41.383639 2.182371 12/04/2019 17:18:00 Photograph A memorial to the fallen of the Battle of Barcelona.
11th September Catalan national holiday.
Eternal flames.
No Name AJ 2019-04-09 09:06 41.988797 2.815279 09/04/2019 11:04:00 Ethnographic Observation A wide river near an artificial forest park and marketplace. A popular area with many people coming and going. Dog walking appears common. Very tranquil atmosphere.